V906 Carinae

Summary

V906 Carinae
Carina constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of V906 Carinae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000.0      Equinox J2000.0
Constellation Carina
Right ascension 10h 36m 15.428s[1]
Declination −59° 35′ 53.67″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.8 – 19.9[2]
Characteristics
Variable type Classical Nova[3]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: -7.511[1] mas/yr
Dec.: 3.267[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)0.3140 ± 0.3113[1] mas
Distance3300+2900
−1500
[4] pc
Details[5]
White dwarf
Mass0.71+0.23
−0.19
[5] M
Radius0.03 R
Luminosity0.28 L
Temperature15,000 K
Donor
Mass0.23 - 0.43 M
Radius~0.24 R
Luminosity0.03 L
Temperature4,951 K
Other designations
ASASSN-18fv, Nova Carinae 2018, V906 Car, Gaia DR2 5254540166225866496
Database references
SIMBADdata
The light curve of V906 Carinae, plotted from AAVSO data. The data from BRITE is shown on the inset plot.[4]

V906 Carinae, also known as Nova Carinae 2018, was a nova in the Milky Way galaxy which appeared in the constellation Carina, near the 5th magnitude star HD 92063. It was discovered on images taken on 20.32 March 2018 by the All Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae (ASAS-SN] telescope at the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory. The ASAS-SN group assigned the name ASASSN-18fv to the object. The discovery image was saturated, allowing researchers to determine only that the object was brighter than apparent magnitude 10. An earlier image obtained by ASAS-SN on 26.32 March 2018 showed the nova was a magnitude ~10.4 object at that time, and the object was not detected on ASAS-SN images taken on 15.34 March 2018 and earlier.[6]

V906 Carinae was featured in the Astronomy Picture of the Day on 25 March 2018.[7]

Pre-discovery images of V906 Carinae were matched to a star of Gaia magnitude 20.1. On 21 March 2018, it had brightened to a Gaia magnitude 7.80 (visual magnitude 7.45),[8] and to magnitude 6.62 later the same day.[9] Also on 21 March 2018, long exposure spectrographic measurements of ASASSN-18fv, specifically in the 3800Å to 7300Å range, were captured using CCD imaging. Detailed analysis of the spectral data confirmed that ASASSN-18fv exhibited characteristics of a classical nova.[10]

All novae are binary stars, with a "donor" star orbiting a white dwarf. The two stars are so close to each other that material is transferred from the donor to the white dwarf. In the case of V906 Carinae, data from the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite suggests that the binary system has an orbital period of either 1.641 hours or twice that value. [4] The mass of the white dwarf has been estimated to be 0.71 M, and the donor is believed to be a dwarf of spectral type K or M and a mass of 0.23 - 0.43 M.[5]

One of the stars monitored by the Bright-star Target Explorer (BRITE) nanosatellite constellation was HD 92063. V906 Carinae was close enough to that star to be serendipitously observed by BRITE.[5] In the BRITE data, the nova's maximum brightness occurred on 14 April 2018. BRIGHT provided a measurement of the nova's brightness every 1.6 hours, allowing the fluctuations near the peak of the outburst to be seen clearly. There were eight post-maximum flares with amplitudes of a few tenths of a magnitude each of which lasted 1 to 3 days. These flares in the visible portion of the EM spectrum occurred at the same times that γ-ray flares were seen by Fermi-LAT. Because the γ-ray flares are believed to arise from shocks in the ejected material, their correlation with visible flares suggests that most of the visible light from the nova may be produced in shocks, rather than the nuclear burning on the white dwarf's surface.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (2021). "Gaia Early Data Release 3: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 649: A1. arXiv:2012.01533. Bibcode:2021A&A...649A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/202039657. S2CID 227254300. Gaia EDR3 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ "V0906 Car". The International Variable Star Index. AAVSO. Retrieved 13 January 2021.
  3. ^ Luckas, Paul (March 2018). "Spectroscopic Observations of ASASSN-18fv as a Classical Nova in the Iron Curtain Phase". The Astronomer's Telegram. 11460: 1. Bibcode:2018ATel11460....1L.
  4. ^ a b c d Aydi, Elias; Sokolovsky, Kirill V.; Chomiuk, Laura; Steinberg, Elad; Li, Kwan Lok; Vurm, Indrek; Metzger, Brian D.; Strader, Jay; Mukai, Koji; Pejcha, Ondrej; Shen, Ken J.; Wade, Gregg A.; Kuschnig, Rainer; Moffat, Anthony F.J.; Pablo, Herbert; Pigulski, Andrzej; Popowicz, Adam; Weiss, Werner; Zwintz, Konstanze; Izzo, Luca; Pollard, Karen R.; Handler, Gerald; Ryder, Stuart D.; Filipovic, Miroslav D.; Alsaberi, Rami Z.E.; Manojlovic, Perica; Lopes de Oliveira, Raimundo; Walter, Frederick M.; Vallely, Patrick J.; Buckley, David A.H.; Brown, Michael J.I.; Harvey, Eamonn J.; Kawash, Adam; Kniazev, Alexei; Kochanek, Christopher S.; Linford, Justin; Mikolajewska, Joanna; Molaro, Paolo; Orio, Marina; Page, Kim L.; Shappee, Benjamin J.; Sokoloski, Jennifer L. (April 2020). "Direct evidence for shock-powered optical emission in a nova". Nature Astronomy. 4 (8): 776–780. arXiv:2004.05562. Bibcode:2020NatAs...4..776A. doi:10.1038/s41550-020-1070-y. S2CID 215744948.
  5. ^ a b c d Wee (August 2020). "Multiwavelength Photometry and Progenitor Analysis of the Nova V906 Car". The Astrophysical Journal. 899 (2): 162. arXiv:2006.14336. Bibcode:2020ApJ...899..162W. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aba3cc. S2CID 220055758.
  6. ^ Stanek, K.Z.; Holoien, T.W.S.; Kochanek, C.S.; Shields, J.V.; Thompson, T.A.; Chomiuk, L.; Strader, J.; Shappee, B.J.; Prieto, J.L.; Dong, Subo; Stritzinger, M. (March 2018). "ASAS-SN Discovery of a Possible, Very Bright Galactic Nova ASASSN-18fv". The Astronomer's Telegram. 11454: 1. Bibcode:2018ATel11454....1S.
  7. ^ "Announcing Nova Carinae 2018". Astronomy Picture of the Day. NASA. Retrieved 14 January 2021.
  8. ^ Strader, Jay (March 21, 2018). "Spectroscopy of the new bright Galactic transient ASASSN-18fv: A 12 mag outburst from a young stellar object?". The Astronomer's Telegram. 11456: 1. Bibcode:2018ATel11456....1S.
  9. ^ Brown, Michael (March 21, 2018). "Photometry and brightening of Galactic transient ASASSN-18fv". The Astronomer's Telegram. 11457: 1. Bibcode:2018ATel11457....1B.
  10. ^ Luckas, Paul (March 21, 2018). "Spectroscopic Observations of ASASSN-18fv as a Classical Nova in the Iron Curtain Phase". The Astronomer's Telegram. 11460: 1. Bibcode:2018ATel11460....1L.

External links

  • NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: Announcing Nova Carinae 2018 (25 March 2018)