VB-6 Felix

Summary

The VB-6 Felix was a precision-guided munition developed by the United States during World War II. It used an infrared seeker to attack targets like blast furnaces or the metal roofs of large factories. The war ended before it could be used operationally.

VB-6 Felix
VB-6 Felix Guided Bomb.jpg
VB-6 Felix at the National Museum of the USAF
Typeanti-ship missile / guided bomb
Place of originUnited States
Service history
In servicenever used operationally
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerNational Defense Research Committee
Produced1945
Specifications
Mass1202 lb (545 kg)
Length91.2 in (231.6 cm)
Diameter18.6 in (47.2 cm)
Warheadamatol explosive
Warhead weight1000 pounds (454 kg)

Enginenone
Guidance
system
infrared

HistoryEdit

Created by the National Defense Research Committee, Felix relied on infrared to detect and home on heat-emitting targets in clear weather;[1] blast furnaces were considered a particularly practical target for such a weapon, as were the reflective metal roofs of factory buildings.[2] It was this property which earned the weapon its name, after the ability of cats to see in the dark; Felix the Cat was an extremely popular cartoon character at the time.

Felix was a 1000-pound (454 kg) general purpose (GP) bomb with an infrared seeker in the nose and octagonal guidance fins in the tail. Unlike other weapons, such as the German Fritz X, Felix was autonomous once launched, although there was a flare in the tail for tracking. In tests, Felix demonstrated a circular error probable of 85 feet (26 m).[3]

Successful trials led to Felix being put in production in 1945, but the Pacific War ended before it entered combat.[4]

DoveEdit

A naval version of the Felix, the ASM-N-4 Dove, was approved in 1944; in 1946 the project was transferred to Eastman Kodak, and in 1949 a contract for 20 prototype weapons was issued. Dove's infrared seeker was expected to be capable of correcting 400-metre (1,300 ft) aiming errors; trials took place through 1952, but no production was undertaken.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Citations
  1. ^ Ordway and Wakeford 1960, p.124.
  2. ^ "VB-6 Felix Guided Bomb". National Museum of the United States Air Force. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  3. ^ Gunston 1988, p.30.
  4. ^ Parsch 2003a
  5. ^ Parch 2003b
Bibliography
  • Gunston, Bill (1988). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft Armament. New York: Orion Books. ISBN 0-517-56607-9.
  • Parsch, Andreas (9 February 2003). "VB Series (VB-1 through VB-13)". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles, Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. Designation-Systems. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  • Parsch, Andreas (22 January 2003). "Eastman Kodak ASM-N-4 Dove". Directory of U.S. Military Rockets and Missiles, Appendix 1: Early Missiles and Drones. Designation-Systems. Retrieved 2017-12-07.
  • Ordway, Frederick Ira; Ronald C. Wakeford (1960). International Missile and Spacecraft Guide. New York: McGraw-Hill. ASIN B000MAEGVC.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to VB-6 Felix at Wikimedia Commons