Vanadium(III) bromide


Vanadium(III) bromide
Vanadium(III) bromide
IUPAC name
Vanadium(III) bromide
Other names
Vanadium tribromide
  • 13470-26-3 ☒N
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
  • 11476059 checkY
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.382 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 236-736-6
  • 83509
RTECS number
  • YW2750000
  • DTXSID4065498 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/3BrH.V/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3 checkY
  • InChI=1/3BrH.V/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3
  • Br[V](Br)Br
Molar mass 290.654 g/mol
Appearance Green-black solid
Density 4 g/cm3
Solubility soluble in THF
(forms adduct)
+2890.0·10−6 cm3/mol
Related compounds
Other anions
Vanadium(III) chloride
Other cations
Titanium(III) bromide
Molybdenum(III) bromide
Related compounds
Vanadium(II) bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Vanadium(III) bromide, also known as vanadium tribromide, is the inorganic compound with the formula VBr3. It is a green-black solid. In terms of its structure, the compound is polymeric with octahedral vanadium(III) surrounded by six bromide ligands.

VBr3 has been prepared by treatment of vanadium tetrachloride with hydrogen bromide:

2 VCl4 + 8 HBr → 2 VBr3 + 8 HCl + Br2

The reaction proceeds via the unstable vanadium(IV) bromide (VBr4), which releases Br2 near room temperature.[1]

Like VCl3, VBr3 forms red-brown soluble complexes with dimethoxyethane and THF, such as mer-VBr3(THF)3.[2]

Aqueous solutions prepared from VBr3 contain the cation trans-[VBr2(H2O)4]+. Evaporation of these solutions give the salt trans-[VBr2(H2O)4]Br.[3]

Further reading

  • Stebler, A.; Leuenberger, B.; Guedel, H. U. "Synthesis and crystal growth of A3M2X9 (A = Cs, Rb; M = Ti, V, Cr; X = Cl, Br)" Inorganic Syntheses (1989), volume 26, pages 377–85.


  1. ^ Calderazzo, Fausto; Maichle-Mössmer, Cäcilie; Pampaloni, Guido; Strähle, Joachim (1993). "Low-Temperature Syntheses of Vanadium(III) and Molybdenum(IV) Bromides by Halide Exchange". J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans. (5): 655–658. doi:10.1039/DT9930000655.
  2. ^ G. W. A. Fowles, G. W. A.; Greene, P. T.; Lester, T. E. "Ether Complexes of Tervalent Titanium and Vanadium" J. Inorg, Nucl. Chem., 1967. Vol. 29. pp. 2365 to 2370.
  3. ^ Donovan, W. F.; Smith, P. W. "Crystal and Molecular Structures of Aquahalogenovanadium(1ii) Complexes. Part 1. X-Ray Crystal Structure of trans-Tetrakisaquadibromovanadium(III) Bromide Dihydrate and the lsomorphous Chloro-compound" Journal of the Chemical Society, Daltor Transactions." 1975, pages 894-896.