Vietnam Border Guard


The Vietnam Border Guard (Vietnamese: Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam) is the border security branch of the Vietnam People's Armed Forces, being a branch of the Vietnam People's Army.

Vietnam Border Guard
Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam
Military flag of the Vietnam Border Guard
Military flag of the Vietnam Border Guard
MottoĐồn là nhà, Biên giới là quê hương, Đồng bào các dân tộc là anh em ruột thịt
lit.'The post is our home, the frontier is our motherland, the compatriots are our siblings'
Agency overview
Formed3 March 1958
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdictionVietnam
Governing bodyMinistry of Defence (Vietnam)
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction
  • National border patrol, security, and integrity.
Operational structure
Overseen byVietnam Border Guard Command
HeadquartersHanoi, Vietnam
Agency executives
Parent agencyVietnam People's Army
CommandsVietnam Border Guard Command
Significant Border Guard
  • 3 March (date of establishment)
Colour:    Forest Green

It is responsible for the management and protection of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, security, order and national boundaries on the mainland, islands, sea and at the gate as shall by law and is force member in provincial areas of defence, border districts of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[1]

Origins edit

On 19 November 1958, the Politburo of the Workers' Party of Vietnam decided to unite national defence forces and army units whose missions were domestic protection, border protection, beach defence, boundary security, and other forces in charge of guarding domestic international borders, under the management of the Police Department, and named them the Guard forces. Guard forces including Border Guard and Homeland Guard.[1][2]

According to the resolution of the Politburo, the Border Guard is responsible for:

  • Repressing spies, commandos, bandits, sea pirates and small cliques participating in destructive activities in border and coastal regions;
  • Attacking any army that infringes on national borders, and to cope with all activities of war while awaiting army reinforcement;
  • Preventing and punishing smugglers in border areas;
  • Implementing regulations on cross-border traffic promulgated by the government of Socialist Republic of Vietnam and control cross-border traffic, including cars, people, baggage, goods, works and cultural objects;
  • Protecting life and property, including State property, in the border areas.

The Homeland Guard is responsible for (this task was transferred to police protection under the General Department of Police, Ministry of Public Security):

  • Suppress all destructive activities of the small fee, parachuting spies and violence, destruction of the other counter-revolutionary cliques;
  • Protect the headquarters, the leader of the Party and State, the diplomatic missions, international leaders and foreign guests visiting to Vietnam;
  • Protect factories, mines, warehouses important, the centre of important contact information, clues and important transport axis, and an important transport, cultural facilities, science and Art is important;
  • Protect Capital, cities and towns is important, protecting the rallies by the central government regulations, executive orders curfew as needed and the people's police to maintain order general security;
  • Guarding the camps, prisons, escorting political prisoners and criminal matter, the hearing protection.

On 3 March 1959, the Prime Minister of Vietnam signed Decision No. 100 - TTg on the establishment of an armed force in charge of border protection and domestic, to be known as the People's Armed Police, set under the leadership of the Ministry of Public Security. This date is taken as the date of establishment of the Vietnam Border Guard.

Ceremony set up the People's Armed Police was held on the evening of 28 March 1959, at 19 hours, at the Military Club, Hanoi.

By the end of 1979 the People's Armed Police was renamed Border Guard and transferred under the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). In 1988, the Border Guard moved to directly under the Ministry of Interior until late in 1995, then moved to the Ministry of Defence (Vietnam).[1]

Mission edit

Border Guard is the core force in charge, in co-ordination with other armed forces, localities and departments concerned and depend on people to manage, protect borders, maintaining security political, social order and safety in the border areas, maintaining the external border. Border Guard operates under the laws of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, the international treaties relating to the sovereignty, national security and border on the mainland, islands, seas and border gates that the Socialist Republic of Vietnam has signed or acceded to.[1]

Structure edit

The organisational system of Border Guard includes three levels: Command (Central), Command provinces; and Border posts.

Command of Border Guard

  • General Staff
  • Political Department
  • Department of Logistics
  • Technology and Equipment Department
  • Department of Reconnaissance
  • Department of Drug Prevention
  • Border Crossings Department
  • Office of the Command
  • 21st Information Regiment
  • Border Guard Academy
  • Border Guard School

Border Command of the Provinces and Municipalities of Vietnam

Border posts

  • Border Guard Squadrons
  • Border Guard Flotillas

Ranks edit

Commissioned officer ranks edit

The rank insignia of commissioned officers.

Rank group General / flag officers Senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Vietnam Border Guard[3]
Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên sĩ quan

Other ranks edit

The rank insignia of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel.

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
  Vietnam Border Guard[3]
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì

Equipment edit

Infantry weapons edit

Model Image Type Caliber Origin Notes
K14VN Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Vietnam
TT-33 Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev   Soviet Union
Type 54/K54   Semi-automatic pistol 7.62×25mm Tokarev   China


Assault rifles
AK-47   Assault rifle 7.62×39mm M43   Soviet Union


Galil ACE   Assault rifle 7.62×39mm   Israel


STV-022   Assault rifle 7.62×39mm   Vietnam [4]

Patrol Vessels edit

Class Image Type Ships Origin Quantity Notes
Damen Stan Patrol 4207 Patrol vessels BP



References edit

  1. ^ a b c d "Khái quát về nhiệm vụ- tổ chức Bộ đội Biên phòng qua các thời kỳ". (in Vietnamese). Archived from the original on 13 September 2010.
  2. ^ Bộ đội Biên phòng Việt Nam – Wikipedia tiếng Việt, Retrieved 4 March 2012[circular reference]
  3. ^ a b "Quy định quân hiệu, cấp hiệu, phù hiệu và lễ phục của Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". (in Vietnamese). Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). 26 August 2009. Archived from the original on 2 December 2021. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  4. ^ Trung Dũng (26 January 2023). "Ngày xuân, tuần tra biên giới". People's Army Newspaper Media (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 26 January 2023.

External links edit

  • Official website