Virgile Rossel (19 March 1858 – 29 May 1933) was a Swiss jurist, politician and writer. He was President of the Swiss National Council in 1909/1910 and President of the Federal Supreme Court 1929–1930.
Rossel was born in Tramelan. He graduated in legal and literary studies at the Universities of Leipzig, Berne, Strasbourg and Paris. He received a doctorate in law from the University of Berne in 1879. He also had an honorary doctorate from the University of Geneva in 1909. He began teaching from 1883, when he was appointed a professor of civil law at the University of Berne. He taught until 1912. He was also rector of the university in 1894 and 1907. From 1912 to 1932, Rossel was a judge of the Federal Supreme Court. He was succeeded by his son Jean Rossel.
Avenue Virgile-Rossel in Lausanne and rue Virgile Rossel in Tramelan are named after him. A monument with his portrait in relief by Joseph Constantin Kaiser and Joseph Robert Kaiser was erected in Tramelan.