Vrhbosna (Врхбосна, pronounced [ʋř̩x.bo.sna]) was the medieval name of a small region in today's central Bosnia and Herzegovina, centered on an eponymous settlement that would later become part of the city of Sarajevo.[1][2][3][4]

The meaning of the name of this Slavic župa is "the peak of Bosnia". The only known fortification in the area at the time was Hodidjed.[3] The existence of a significant individual settlement of Vrhbosna was recorded in the 14th and 15th centuries.[4] Vrhbosna was first attacked by the Ottoman Empire in 1416,[4] and it was finally taken in 1451.[1][2][3][4]

Vrhbosna persisted shortly after the Ottoman conquest of Bosnia in the name of local vilayet, but soon the name went out of use.[3][4] In 1550, a Venetian traveller Caterino Zeno was the first westerner to use the term Sarraglio (Italianized form of Sarajevo) instead of Vrhbosna to describe the place.[4]

It is nowadays known as the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vrhbosna, which is the archdiocese that currently serves the Catholics of Sarajevo.


  1. ^ a b Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb (1997). The Encyclopaedia of Islam: SAN-SZE. Brill. p. 29. ISBN 9004104224. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  2. ^ a b Roger Cohen (1998). Hearts grown brutal: sagas of Sarajevo. Random House. p. 115. Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  3. ^ a b c d Hazim Šabanović (1959). Bosanski pašaluk: postanak i upravna podjela (in Serbo-Croatian). Naučno društvo NR Bosne i Hercegovine. pp. 28–37. UDC 94(497.6)"14/17". Retrieved 2012-09-11.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mihovil Mandić (December 1927). "Postanak Sarajeva". Naroda starina (in Croatian). Croatian State Archives. 6 (14): 4–13. Retrieved 2012-09-11.


  • Fine, John Van Antwerp Jr. (1994). The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest. The University of Michigan Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)