WASP-107b

Summary

WASP-107b
Artist’s impression of WASP-107b.jpg
Artist's impression of exoplanet WASP-107b.[1]
Discovery
Discovered byD. R. Anderson et al.
Discovery date2017
WASP-South
Orbital characteristics
0.0566 ± 0.0017 AU (8,470,000 ± 250,000 km)[2]
Eccentricity0[3]
5.7214742 d[2]
StarWASP-107
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
0.96±0.03 RJ[2]
Mass0.096±0.005[2] MJ

WASP-107b is a super-Neptune exoplanet that orbits the star WASP-107. It lies 200 light-years away from Earth in the constellation Virgo.[4] Its discovery was announced in 2017 and led by D. R. Anderson and a team of colleagues via the WASP-South.[5]

Planetary orbit

WASP-107b could not have formed in its current orbit. It likely migrated inward from its birth orbit beyond 1 AU due to interaction with the heavier planet WASP-107c. WASP-107c follows a highly eccentric and inclined orbit with a period of 1088+15
−16
days.[2] WASP-107b itself is in a retrograde orbit, strongly misaligned with the equatorial plane of the parent star. The misalignment angle is equal to 118+38
−19
°.[6]

Physical characteristics

Helium was discovered in the planet's atmosphere in 2018, making it the first time helium was discovered on an exoplanet.[7] A follow-up observation with Keck in 2020 showed that the helium absorption extends beyond transit-egress,[8][9] forming a comet-like tail 7 times as long as the diameter of the planet.[10]

WASP-107b is a super-Neptune gas-giant exoplanet located 200 light years away from Earth in the constellation Virgo.[4] It is roughly the size of Jupiter but less than one-tenth of Jupiter's mass, making it one of the lowest density exoplanets.[2] Its radius is 0.96±0.03 times Jupiter's, making its atmosphere fluffy, and coupled with transiting a moderately bright K star makes it a target for atmospheric characterization.[11] It is eight times nearer its star than Mercury is to the Sun and orbits its star every 5.7 days.[4] With a temperature of 932 °F (500 °C), its atmosphere makes it one of the hottest known exoplanets.[4] Observations of the helium absorption line have shown that the atmosphere of the planet is boiling off the surface, under the fierce irradiation of the star, and is forming a comet-like tail.[8][9]

See also

References

  1. ^ heic1809 (2 May 2018). "Hubble detects helium in the atmosphere of an exoplanet for the first time". www.spacetelescope.org. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Piaulet, Caroline; Benneke, Björn; et al. (2021-01-18). "WASP-107b's Density Is Even Lower: A Case Study for the Physics of Planetary Gas Envelope Accretion and Orbital Migration". The Astronomical Journal. 161 (2): 70. arXiv:2011.13444. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/abcd3c. ISSN 1538-3881.
  3. ^ "Planet WASP-107 b". Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d Reed, Nola (2 May 2018). "An Exoplanet First! Helium Spotted on Bizarre Comet-Like World". Space.com.
  5. ^ https://www.aanda.org/articles/aa/pdf/2017/08/aa30439-17.pdf
  6. ^ The TESS–Keck Survey IV: A Retrograde, Polar Orbit for the Ultra-Low-Density, Hot Super-Neptune WASP-107b, 2021, arXiv:2101.09371
  7. ^ Witze, Alexandra (2 May 2018). "Astronomers spot helium on exoplanet for first time". Nature. doi:10.1038/d41586-018-05052-w.
  8. ^ a b waspplanets (2020-01-22). "Helium reveals the extended atmosphere of WASP-107b". WASP Planets. Retrieved 2020-01-22.
  9. ^ a b Kirk, James; Alam, Munazza K.; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; Zeng, Li (2020-01-21). "Confirmation of WASP-107b's extended Helium atmosphere with Keck II/NIRSPEC". The Astronomical Journal. 159 (3): 115. arXiv:2001.07667. doi:10.3847/1538-3881/ab6e66. S2CID 210838904.
  10. ^ The post-transit tail of WASP-107b observed at 10830˚A, 2021, arXiv:2107.08999
  11. ^ "First results on the atmosphere of WASP-107b". Wide Angle Search for Planets. September 27, 2017.

External links