Waco F series

Summary

Waco F series
Waco UPF-7 NC30199 Lakeland Florida 22.04.09R.jpg
ex US Civilian Pilot Training Program 1941 Waco UPF-7
Role open-cockpit biplane
National origin United States
Manufacturer Waco Aircraft Company
Introduction 1930
Status YMF-5 in production (2013)
Primary user private pilot owners and training schools

The Waco F series is a series of American-built general aviation and military biplane trainers of the 1930s from the Waco Aircraft Company.

Development

The Waco 'F' series of biplanes supplanted and then replaced the earlier 'O' series of 1927/33. The 'F' series had an airframe which was smaller and about 450 pounds (200 kg) lighter than the 'O' series, while continuing to provide accommodation for three persons in tandem open cockpits. A similar performance to the earlier model was obtained on the power of smaller and more economical engines.[1]

The initial models were the INF (125 hp (93 kW) Kinner engine), KNF (100 hp (75 kW) Kinner) and the RNF (110 hp (82 kW) Warner Scarab), all of which had externally braced tailwheel undercarriages. Many further sub-models followed with more powerful engines of up to 225 hp (168 kW). The most powerful in the range was the ZPF of 1936/37, intended for executive use.

Operational history

Waco RNF of 1931 displayed at the Pima Air Museum Tucson Arizona in 1991
Waco UBF of 1932 flown by Texaco preserved at the Historic Aircraft Restoration Museum, Missouri, 2006
Waco ZPF-6 three-seat executive aircraft built for Texaco Oil in 1936. Preserved airworthy at Sebring, Florida
UPF-7, built 1941, arrives at the 2014 Royal International Air Tattoo, England
A new 2006 model WACO Classic Aircraft YMF-F5C at Sun 'n Fun 2006
Waco YPF at Sun 'n Fun 2006
1997 YMF-5C at Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport, Maine

The 'F' series was popular with private owner pilots for sporting and other uses and continued in production through the late 1930s. The tandem cockpit UPF-7 was adopted by the Civilian Pilot Training Program and continued in production until 1942 by which time over 600 had been built.[2]

The 1934 model YMF was substantially redesigned with a longer and wider fuselage, larger rudder and other structural changes, and put into production in March 1986 by WACO Classic Aircraft of Lansing, Michigan as the YMF-5.[1] Over 150 YMF-5s were completed as of 2017 with new examples being built to specific orders.[3][failed verification]

The WACO Aircraft Company of Ohio Inc had built three replicas by December 2011, which they designated MF.[4]

Considerable numbers of 'F' series biplanes, both original and newly built, remain in service.

Variants

Listed in approximate chronological order (per Simpson, 2001, p. 573)

INF
125 hp (93 kW) Kinner B-5, Certified ATC#345 on 2 August 1930.
KNF
100 hp (75 kW) Kinner K-5, Certified ATC#313 on 12 April 1930.
MF
275 hp (205 kW) Jacobs R-755, built by WACO Aircraft Company of Ohio Inc by 2011[4]
RNF
110 hp (82 kW) Warner Scarab, Certified ATC#311 on 7 April 1930.[5]
PCF
170 hp (127 kW) Jacobs LA-1 and new cross-braced undercarriage, PCF-2 Certified ATC#473 on 2 October 1931
PBF
as PCF with modified 'B' wings
QCF
165 hp (123 kW) Continental A70, QCF-2 Certified ATC#416 on 9 April 1931
UBF
210 hp (157 kW) Continental R-670
UMF
210 hp (157 kW) Continental R-670A and longer wider fuselage and larger vertical fin
YMF
as UMF with 225 hp (168 kW) Jacobs L-4
YPF-6 and YPF-7
225 hp (168 kW) Jacobs L-4
ZPF-6 and ZPF-7
285 hp (213 kW) Jacobs L-5
UPF-7
tandem training version with wider-track undercarriage and 220 hp (164 kW) Continental radial (designated PT-14 by the USAAC)
YMF-5
1986 design roughly based on the YMF, built by WACO Classic Aircraft
YMF-5D
2009 improved YMF-5[3][6]
YMF-5F
YMF-5 with Aerocet 3400 amphibious floats[7]
JW
Two UBF designated XJW-1 were used by the US Navy as hook-up trainers for the Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk airship-borne fighters.[8]

Note: from 1936 Waco added year suffixes to designations—e.g. YPF-6, YPF-7, with the numeral being the last digit of the model year.

Operators

Military operators

 Guatemala
 United States

Specifications (UPF-7)

Data from The Aircraft of the World[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 1 trainee or passenger
  • Length: 23 ft 1 in (7.04 m)
  • Wingspan: 30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
  • Height: 8 ft 5 in (2.57 m)
  • Wing area: 244 sq ft (22.7 m2)
  • Empty weight: 1,870 lb (848 kg)
  • Gross weight: 2,650 lb (1,202 kg)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Continental W-670-6A seven cylinder radial , 220 hp (160 kW)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 128 mph (206 km/h, 111 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 114 mph (183 km/h, 99 kn)
  • Range: 400 mi (640 km, 350 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 14,800 ft (4,500 m)
  • Time to altitude: 15 min to 9,000 ft (2,700 m)

References

Notes
  1. ^ a b Simpson 2001, p. 573
  2. ^ a b Green & Pollinger 1965, p. 307
  3. ^ a b WACO Classic Aircraft (2009). "Own the Dream". Retrieved 2009-06-12.
  4. ^ a b Vandermeullen, Richard: 2012 Kit Aircraft Buyer's Guide, Kitplanes, Volume 28, Number 12, December 2011, page 76. Belvoir Publications. ISSN 0891-1851
  5. ^ Al Hansen (Spring 2004). "The Waco Model F". AAHS Journal.
  6. ^ Grady, Mary (June 2009). "Waco Updates Its Classic Biplane". Retrieved 2009-06-25.
  7. ^ http://www.wacoaircraft.com/worx
  8. ^ "Waco". Aerofiles.com. Retrieved 2012-08-23.
  9. ^ Sloot and Hornstra Air International January 1999, pp. 55, 57.
  10. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1963, p. 535.
  11. ^ Swanborough and Bowers 1976, p. 474.
Bibliography
  • Green, William; Pollinger, Gerald (1965). The Aircraft of the World (3rd ed.). Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd.
  • Simpson, Rod (2001). Airlife's World Aircraft. Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-84037-115-3.
  • Sloot, Emile; Hornstra, Luc (January 1999). "Fueza Aerea Guatamalteca". Air International. Vol. 56 no. 1. pp. 55–58.
  • Swanborough, F. G.; Bowers, Peter M. (1963). United States Military Aircraft since 1909. London: Putnam.
  • Swanborough, Gordon; Bowers, Peter M. (1976). United States Navy Aircraft since 1911 (Second ed.). London: Putnam. ISBN 0-370-10054-9.

External links

  • Media related to Waco F Series at Wikimedia Commons