Washington
State of Washington
Nickname(s): 
"The Evergreen State" (unofficial)[1]
Motto(s): 
Al-ki or Alki, "bye and bye" in Chinook Jargon
Anthem: Washington, My Home
Washington is located on the West Coast along the line that divides the United States from neighboring Canada. It runs entirely from west to east. It includes a small peninsula across a bay which is discontinuous with the rest of the state, along with a geographical oddity under British Columbia, Canada.
Map of the United States with Washington highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodWashington Territory
Admitted to the UnionNovember 11, 1889 (42nd)
CapitalOlympia
Largest citySeattle
Largest metroGreater Seattle
Government
 • GovernorJay Inslee (D)
 • Lieutenant GovernorCyrus Habib (D)
Area
 • Total71,362 sq mi (184,827 km2)
 • Land66,544 sq mi (172,587 km2)
 • Water4,757 sq mi (12,237 km2)  6.6%
Area rank18th
Dimensions
 • Length240 mi (400 km)
 • Width360 mi (580 km)
Elevation
1,700 ft (520 m)
Highest elevation14,411 ft (4,392 m)
Lowest elevation
(Pacific Ocean)
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 • Total7,535,591 (2,018)
 • Rank13th
 • Density103/sq mi (39.6/km2)
 • Density rank25th
 • Median household income
$70,979 (2,017)[2]
 • Income rank
11th[2]
Demonym(s)Washingtonian
Language
 • Official languageNone (de jure)
English (de facto)
Time zoneUTC-08:00 (Pacific)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-07:00 (PDT)
USPS abbreviation
WA
ISO 3166 codeUS-WA
Trad. abbreviationWash.
LegislatureState Legislature
 • Upper houseState Senate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsPatty Murray (D)
Maria Cantwell (D)
U.S. House delegation7 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Latitude45°  33′ N to 49° N
Longitude116°  55′ W to 124°  46′ W
Websiteaccess.wa.gov
Washington state symbols
Flag of Washington.svg
Seal of Washington.svg
Living insignia
AmphibianPacific chorus frog
BirdAmerican goldfinch
FishSteelhead trout
FlowerRhododendron
GrassBluebunch wheatgrass
InsectGreen Darner
MammalOlympic marmot/Orca
TreeWestern Hemlock
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
FoodApple
Gemstone