A map of the Yakima Valley with SR 22 highlighted in red
|Defined by RCW|
|Maintained by WSDOT|
|Length||35.84 mi (57.68 km)|
|West end||I-82 / US 12 near Zillah|
|US 97 in Toppenish|
|East end||I-82 / US 12 in Prosser|
State Route 22 (SR 22) is a 35.84-mile (57.68 km) long state highway spanning Yakima and Benton counties in the US state of Washington. Existing since at least 1937, the highway serves to connect several small communities that have been bypassed by Interstate 82 (I-82) / U.S. Route 12 (US 12). Except for the section through Toppenish and the southeastern bypass of Prosser, the highway is lightly traveled passing mainly through rural farmland. The highway parallels a BNSF Railway line for a majority of its route, with the rail line predating the highway by at least 27 years.
Three digit highway numbers in Washington indicate auxiliary routes of their parent route, giving SR 22 five auxiliary routes: SR 220, SR 221, SR 223, SR 224, and SR 225. SR 220 was decommissioned during the 1991 legislative session, and is no longer maintained by the Washington State Department of Transportation.
SR 22 begins at a hybrid diamond–partial cloverleaf interchange on the concurrent I-82 / US 12 near Buena. The route heads south through farmland towards the town of Toppenish in Yakima County, which is also part of the Yakama Indian Reservation. While in Toppenish, the highway passes over double track belonging to BNSF Railway. On the south end of town, SR 22 intersects US 97, turning southeast as US 97 heads south. Traveling southeast, SR 22 passes through more farmland, passing the small census-designated place of Satus and an interchange with SR 223. The city of Mabton is located just north of the highway, and is accessible by turning onto SR 241. The highway leaves the reservation and turns southwest after passing the Sunnyside Wildlife Recreation Area, and crosses the Yakima–Benton county line, continuing through farmland until approaching the outskirts of Prosser, the county seat of Benton County. SR 22 serves as a bypass of Prosser, turning north until intersecting Wine Country Road and the Desert Wind Winery on the east side of Prosser before turning back southwest on Wine Country Road and terminating at a folded diamond interchange, exit 82, on I–82.
Every year the Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) conducts a series of surveys on its highways in the state to measure traffic volume. This is expressed in terms of average annual daily traffic (AADT), which is a measure of traffic volume for any average day of the year. In 2009, WSDOT calculated that as few as 1,100 cars traveled through the intersection with Bus Road just west of the Sunnyside Wildlife Recreation Area, and as many as 10,000 cars passed through the town of Toppenish before the interchange with US 97.
The segment of highway between its western terminus at I-82 and US 97 is listed on both the WSDOT List of Highways of Statewide Significance, which marks this portion of the highway as a critical to connecting major communities in the state, and the National Highway System, a system of roads that are important to the nation's economy, defense and mobility.
A roadway has existed since before 1926, connecting Toppenish and Prosser near the current alignment of SR 22, however the roadway was incomplete, with a gap existing between Satus and Mabton. The gap in the roadway was completed by 1933, and the segment between Toppenish and Prosser was numbered Secondary State Highway 3A (SSH 3A) by 1939, while the segment between the current I-82 and US 97 was originally numbered as part of Primary State Highway 8 (PSH 8). These designations remained until the 1964 state highway renumbering, when SSH 3A and the small segment of PSH 8 were renumbered SR 22. Before the completion of I-82 through the area, SR 22 continued into the town of Buena, however now that the interstate has been completed, SR 22 has been truncated to the interstate.
The rail line that the highway parallels between Toppenish and just west of Prosser has existed since at least 1910. It originally belonged to the Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway, and it is now part of BNSF Railway as part of their Yakima Valley Subdivision.
In Spring 2011, WSDOT began a $4.63 million construction project to build wider lanes and shoulders on SR 22 between I-82 and the city of Toppenish, because of a number of collisions along the roadway. Other improvements included installing new sidewalks with ADA-compliant curbs and access ramps, as well as adding turn lanes to side roads. The project was completed in June 2012.
|I-82 / US 12 – Yakima, Pendleton||I-82 exit 50; interchange, western terminus.|
|Toppenish||2.97||4.78||First Street – Fort Simcoe State Park||Former SR 220|
|3.31||5.33||US 97 – Yakima, Goldendale||At-grade intersection|
|||7.92||12.75||SR 223 north – Granger|
|Mabton||22.28||35.86||SR 241 north – Sunnyside|
|Benton||Prosser||35.06||56.42||SR 221 south – Paterson|
|I-82 / US 12 – Yakima, Pendleton||I-82 exit 82; interchange, eastern terminus.|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- "State Highway Log Planning Report 2009 SR 2 to SR 971" (PDF). Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT). p. 599. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- Washington State Highways (PDF) (Map). 1 in = 13.3 mi (1 cm = 8.42 km). WSDOT. 2008–2009. § G5 - G6. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- Junction SR 22 / SR 97 (PDF) (Map). WSDOT. August 13, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2010.
- Butcher, Russell D.; Adair, Stephen Emmett; Greenwalt, Lynn A.; Hollingsworth, John; Hollingsworth, Karen (April 27, 2003). America's national wildlife refuges: a complete guide. Roberts Rinehart Publishers. p. 518. ISBN 978-1-57098-379-5.
- "Benton County, Washington". National Association of Counties. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- SR 22 (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- "2009 Annual Traffic Report" (PDF). WSDOT. p. 102. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- "List of Highways of Statewide Significance" (PDF). WSDOT. July 26, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- "Washington State National Highway System (NHS) Designated Highways" (PDF). November 1, 2002. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- Automobile Roads - Horse Haven Quadrangle (Map). Cartography by S.E. Browkaw. Automobile Club of Washington. August 15, 1926. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- Washington State Highways (DjVu) (Map). Washington Department of Highways. 1933. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- Washington State Highways (DjVu) (Map). Washington State Highway Commission. 1939. Retrieved November 15, 2010.
- "Sign Route Numbers with Corresponding Legislative Highway Numbers" (PDF). Washington State Department of Highways. December 1, 1965. p. 3. Retrieved October 30, 2010.
- Washington Oregon Road Map (Map). 1 in ≈ 17.3 mi. Cartography by Rand McNally. Union 76. 1972. § G10.
- The Road Atlas (Map). 1 in ≈ 20 mi. Cartography by Rand McNally. Rand McNally. 2009. p. 109. § J12. ISBN 978-0-528-94219-8.
- Zillah, Washington topographic quadrangle (Map). 1:125,000. United States Geological Survey. 1910. Retrieved October 24, 2010.
- BNSF Railway Northwest Division Timetable (3 ed.). BNSF Railway. April 26, 2006.
- "Project SR 22 - I-82 to Toppenish". WSDOT. Retrieved August 13, 2013.
- Highways of Washington State