Waste management in Armenia

Summary

Armenia is underdeveloped in its waste management and recycling activities.

Sorted waste containers in Yerevan

According to the Statistical Committee of Armenia, organizations produced 55.2 million metric tons of waste in 2016, including mining waste.[1] This amounts to about 18.5 tonnes per capita. According to the Waste Atlas, Armenia produces 368,618 tonnes of Municipal solid waste (MSW) per year, or 119.8 kilograms (264 lb) per capita.[2]

On May 4, 2018, the government modifications to relevant legislation aimed at strengthening the responsibility for proper waste management.[3][4][5]

LandfillsEdit

Sixty landfills exist in Armenia. No waste sorting, recycling, or reuse takes place at any of them. Instead, garbage is dumped into a working area and then flattened using a bulldozer to create a layer of garbage 300 centimetres (120 in) thick.[6]

The Nubarashen landfill, located near Yerevan (40°6′24.19″N 44°32′49.26″E / 40.1067194°N 44.5470167°E / 40.1067194; 44.5470167), is Armenia's largest waste disposal site. It receives almost all of the solid waste produced in the city of Yerevan and its suburbs, which is about 340 tons per day, or 102,000 tons per year.[7] The site has accumulated over 7.5 million tons of domestic waste over 50 years.[6]

In 2018, a waste processing plant was scheduled for construction near Hrazdan city, which will allow for closure of 10 waste dumps.[8]

Reuse and recyclingEdit

Starting May 2017 Innovative Solutions for Sustainable Development (ISSD) NGO is implementing waste management projects in Armenia ensuring the collection and recycling of Municipal Solid Waste in the involved communities. The biggest municipal solid waste management project of the NGO, "Recycle it," includes Yerevan, the capital city and has more than 500 partner organizations who recycle their waste within this project. The NGO organized more than 120 clean-ups and has more than 300,000 beneficiaries. [9]

 
Waste container in Sevan

In recent years there have been several attempts initiated by public activists to address the waste management problem, such as the Toprak Petq Chi campaign (2016), translates as "I don't need a plastic bag",' that targets single-use plastic bags.[10]

Also recently, some recycling initiatives have started to take shape. Namely, Apaga, also known as ApagaCommunity CJSC,[11] offers a paid pickup service, mirroring similar projects in more developed countries, though in these countries, recycling programs are taxpayer sponsored. Apaga enables individuals and organizations who take responsibility for their waste and want to participate, to voluntarily pay for a pickup service and get some rewards in return in the forms of discounts for individuals and green public relations (PR) for organizations.

In order to allow everyone to benefit from recycling, Apaga has also implemented new Smart Recycling Containers called SmartApaga Containers where anyone with their personal, unique QR code can dispose of their plastics and get ApagaCoins (in-app currency) to exchange for rewards from their rewards partners.

Waste management in YerevanEdit

The municipal government of Yerevan, capital of Armenia, has made attempts to solve the problem for the city with a long term development plan, which includes three main phases:

  1. In 2014, an international tender was announced for garbage collection. Two waste management companies were chosen: a Lebanese company called Sanitek, who later opened a operations branch in Yerevan; and two Armenian/Swedish Companies called Ecogroup and LL Miliconsult.[12] [13]
  2. In 2016 the Armenian parliament ratified a loan agreement signed with the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), for an €8 million loan to finance the construction of a solid waste landfill in Yerevan that will comply with EU regulations.[14]
  3. According to the municipal government of Yerevan, the next step is to introduce waste sorting and recycling practices with projects that meet European Union standards and regulations.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "Ժամանակագրական շարքեր / Հայաստանի Հանրապետության Ազգային վիճակագրության ծառայություն". www.armstat.am. Retrieved 2018-02-18.
  2. ^ www.atlas.d-waste.com Archived 2014-10-07 at the Wayback Machine Waste Atlas (2012). Country Data: Aremenia
  3. ^ "Arminfo: В Армении будет упорядочен процесс управления твердыми отходами". Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  4. ^ "National Assembly of Armenia | Official Web Site | parliament.am". www.parliament.am. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  5. ^ "National Assembly of Armenia | Official Web Site | parliament.am". www.parliament.am. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  6. ^ a b In Armenia Waste is Not Yet Profitable, Hetq Online, June 25, 2007.
  7. ^ With a Visit to Armenia's Largest Dump, UNDP and the Ministry of Nature Protection Launch Environment Week, UNDP, July 6, 2004.
  8. ^ LLC, Helix Consulting. ""We have good reasons to boast economic growth in the coming years" - Karen Karapetyan Pleased with 2017 Indices in Kotayk Marz". www.gov.am. Retrieved 2018-02-16.
  9. ^ "Recycle it! – Innovative Solutions for Sustainable Development of Communities".
  10. ^ "the project". toprakpetqchi.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  11. ^ "ApagaCommunity CJSC Webpage". www.apagacommunity.com. Retrieved 2019-08-21.
  12. ^ "Capital Clean-Up: Foreign garbage-removal operator starts work in Yerevan - News | ArmeniaNow.com". www.armenianow.com. Retrieved 2016-09-16. Unsafe website
  13. ^ "The works of International garbage disposal operator have been started". Retrieved 2016-09-16.
  14. ^ "The issues related to the construction of the new landfill site have been discussed with the consulting company". Retrieved 2016-09-16.

External linksEdit