Federal Republic of Germany
Motto: "Einigkeit und Recht und Freiheit"
"Unity and Justice and Freedom"
Territory of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) from the accession of the Saar on 1 January 1957 to German reunification on 3 October 1990
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional republic|
|Richard von Weizsäckerb|
|Kurt Georg Kiesinger|
|Historical era||Cold War|
|23 May 1949|
|1 January 1957|
• Admitted to the United Nations
|18 September 1973|
|3 October 1990|
|1990||248,577 km2 (95,976 sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||1990 estimate|
|$946 billion (4th)|
|Currency||Deutsche Marke (DM) (DEM)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|Today part of||Germany|
West Germany was the informal name for the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundesrepublik Deutschland), a country in Central Europe, in the period between its formation on 23 May 1949 and German reunification on 3 October 1990. During this Cold War period, the western portion of Germany was part of the Western Bloc. The Federal Republic was created during the Allied occupation of Germany after World War II, established from eleven states formed in the three Allied zones of occupation held by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. Its (provisional) capital was the city of Bonn. The Cold War era West Germany is unofficially historically designated the Bonn Republic.
At the onset of the Cold War, Europe was divided among the Western and Eastern