White Pyramid
AmenemhaIIt-interne1.jpg
Plan of the hypogeum.
Amenemhat II
Coordinates29°48′20″N 31°13′22″E / 29.80556°N 31.22278°E / 29.80556; 31.22278Coordinates: 29°48′20″N 31°13′22″E / 29.80556°N 31.22278°E / 29.80556; 31.22278
Ancient name
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M17Y5
N35
G17F4
X1
>S42O24
[1]
Sḫm Ỉ-mn-m-ḥʒt
Sekhem Amenemhat
Amenemhat has Power[2]
TypeTrue pyramid (ruined)

The White Pyramid of Amenemhat II is located in the pyramid field at Dahshur, Egypt, and is now nothing more than a pile of rubble, having been heavily quarried for stone. The remaining limestone rubble has given rise to its modern name.

The pyramid is surrounded by a large rectangular enclosure wall. A number of intact tombs were found inside this enclosure wall belonging to the relatives of Amenemhat II including the tombs of prince Amenemhatankh and princesses Ita, Khnumet, Itiueret and Sithathormeret. A wide variety of funerary furniture was recovered from these tombs including wooden coffins, alabaster perfume jars, and canopic chests. There was also a large quantity of beautiful jewellery in the tombs of Ita and Khnumet.

In 1894 and 1895 Jacques de Morgan dug in the pyramid complex, concentrating on the surrounding royal graves, with other areas not being explored. A full-scale investigation of the whole complex has yet to be undertaken.

References

  1. ^ Lehner 2008, pp. 16 & 179.
  2. ^ Budge 1920, p. 691a.

Sources

  • Budge, Ernest Alfred Wallis (1920). An Egyptian Hieroglyphic Dictionary: With an index of English words, King List and Geographical List with Indexes, List of Hieroglyphic Characters, Coptic and Semitic Alphabets, etc. 2. London: J. Murray. OCLC 697736910.
  • Lehner, Mark (2008). The Complete Pyramids. New York: Thames & Hudson. ISBN 978-0-500-28547-3.
  • Verner, Miroslav (2001d). The Pyramids: The Mystery, Culture and Science of Egypt's Great Monuments. New York: Grove Press. ISBN 978-0-8021-1703-8.