William Berryman Scott

Summary

William Berryman Scott (February 12, 1858 – March 29, 1947) was an American vertebrate paleontologist, authority on mammals, and principal author of the White River Oligocene monographs. He was a professor of geology and paleontology at Princeton University.

William Berryman Scott
William Berryman Scott.png
Scott c. 1905
Born(1859-02-12)12 February 1859
Died29 March 1947(1947-03-29) (aged 88)
NationalityUnited States
Alma materPrinceton University (1877)
University of Heidelberg (1880)
Known forWhite River Oligocene monographs
AwardsWollaston Medal (1910)
Hayden Memorial Geological Award (1926)
Mary Clark Thompson Medal (1930)
Penrose Medal (1939)
Daniel Giraud Elliot Medal (1940)
Scientific career
FieldsPalaeontology
InstitutionsPrinceton University
Notable studentsElmer S. Riggs, James W. Gidley
The William Berryman Scott House (1888), designed by A. Page Brown, at 56 Bayard Lane, Princeton, New Jersey in the Princeton Historic District

Family and educationEdit

Scott was born in Cincinnati, Ohio on February 12, 1858, the son of Mary Elizabeth Hodge Scott and William McKendree Scott, a Presbyterian minister. He was the youngest of three sons; his brother Hugh Lenox Scott went on to become superintendent of West Point and Army Chief of Staff. Shortly after the family moved to Princeton, New Jersey in 1861, his father died and the family lived with his maternal grandfather who was also a Presbyterian minister and an instructor at the Princeton Theological Seminary.[1][2]

His early education focused on theology, philosophy and the classics in preparation for an expected career as a minister. However, when he entered Princeton University in 1873 at the age of fifteen, he became interested in science, especially geology, psychology, and chemistry.[3] A course he took from the renowned Swiss geologist, Arnold Guyot, was a turning point in his career aspirations. He graduated from Princeton in 1877 and received a Ph.D. from University of Heidelberg in 1880. He married Alice Adeline Post on December 15, 1883.

He was elected as a member of the American Philosophical Society in 1886.[4]

CareerEdit

Scott served as president of The Geological Society of America in 1925.[5][6]

AwardsEdit

Scott received numerous professional awards during his long career:[2]

LegacyEdit

The Pike Cichlid fish Crenicichla scottii C. H. Eigenmann, 1907 was named in his honor.[7]

PublicationsEdit

  • Scott, William Berryman, 1858- The Osteology and Relations of Protoceras. Boston, Ginn & company, 1895. 1 p.l., [303]-374. 3 pl. (2 fold.) diagr. 26 cm.
  • Scott, William Berryman. American Elephant Myths. Scribner's, April 1887, 469-478.
  • Reports of the Princeton University Expeditions to Patagonia, 1896-1899 Princeton, The University, 1901-32 (v. 1, 1903) 8 v. in 13. illus. (part col.) maps (part fold., part col.) tables. 34 cm.
  • Scott, William Berryman. Geological Climates, by W.B. Scott.
  • Scott, William Berryman. A History of Land Mammals in the Western Hemisphere. Illustrated with 32 plates and more than 100 drawings, by Bruce Horsfall. New York, The MacMillan Company, 1913.
  • Scott, William Berryman, The Theory of Evolution, With Special Reference to the Evidence Upon Which it is Founded. The Macmillan Company, 1920.
  • Scott, William Berryman. Some memories of a palaeontologist. Princeton, Princeton University Press, 1939. 4 p.l., 336 p. front. (port.) 24 cm.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ American National Biography 1999
  2. ^ a b Sterling 1997
  3. ^ Simpson 1948
  4. ^ "APS Member History". search.amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 2021-05-24.
  5. ^ Fairchild, Herman LeRoy, 1932, The Geological Society of America 1888-1930, a Chapter in Earth Science History: New York, The Geological Society of America, 232 p.
  6. ^ Eckel, Edwin, 1982, GSA Memoir 155, The Geological Society of America — Life History of a Learned Society: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Memoir 155, 168 p., ISBN 0-8137-1155-X.
  7. ^ Christopher Scharpf & Kenneth J. Lazara (22 September 2018). "Order Order CICHLIFORMES: Family CICHLIDAE: Subfamily CICHLINAE (a-c)". The ETYFish Project Fish Name Etymology Database. Christopher Scharpf and Kenneth J. Lazara. Retrieved 14 November 2021.
  • Leslie, W. Bruce (1999). "Scott, William Berryman". American National Biography (ANB). Vol. 19. Oxford University Press. pp. 512–513.
  • Simpson, G. G. (1948). "William Berryman Scott 1858-1947" (PDF). Biographical Memoirs. National Academy of Sciences. 25 (7): 175–203.
  • Sterling, Keir B., ed. (1997). "Scott, William Berryman". Biographical Dictionary of American and Canadian Naturalists and Environmentalists. Greenwood Press.
  • Yale Peabody Museum: History and Archives: William Berryman Scott
  • Lefalophodon: William Berryman Scott

External linksEdit