Wind River Systems


Wind River Systems Inc.
HeadquartersAlameda, California, U.S.
37°46′52″N 122°15′43″W / 37.78116°N 122.26195°W / 37.78116; -122.26195Coordinates: 37°46′52″N 122°15′43″W / 37.78116°N 122.26195°W / 37.78116; -122.26195
Key people
Kevin Dallas, president and CEO
RevenueUS$359.7 million (FY ended Jan 31 2009)[1]
Number of employees
1,800+[2] (11/2012)

Wind River Systems, also known as Wind River, is an Alameda, California–based wholly owned subsidiary of Aptiv.[3] The company develops embedded system and cloud software consisting of real-time operating systems software, industry-specific software, simulation technology, development tools and middleware.[4]


Wind River Systems was formed by a partnership of Jerry Fiddler[5] and Dave Wilner.[6][7] Until 1981, Fiddler had worked at Berkeley Lab[8] writing software for control systems, and wanted to pursue a career in computer generated music,[9] which he funded through a consultancy business focused on real-time operating systems. His early clients included the National Football League and film director Francis Ford Coppola, for whom he designed a unique film editing system.[10] Wilner, a former colleague at Berkeley Lab, joined Fiddler to form Wind River Systems in 1983.

In 2009, Wind River was acquired by Intel. In 2018, Intel spun out its Wind River division, which was then acquired by TPG Capital.[11] On January 11, 2022, Wind River announced that it was acquired by Aptiv, an auto parts company, for $4.3 billion in cash.[12]

The company's key milestones include:[13][14]

  • 1983: Wind River is incorporated in 1983 with each partner contributing $3,000 and a desk to the business. The company was named for Wind River, Wyoming, where Fiddler had vacationed that year[citation needed]
  • 1987: Wind River introduces VxWorks, a leading real-time operating system for embedded devices.[citation needed]
  • 1995: VxWorks launches into space on the NASA Clementine moon probe. Also, the Tornado integrated development environment is launched and wins EDN's Embedded Development Software Innovation of the Year award as the first graphically oriented development environment for embedded
  • 1997: VxWorks, the real-time operating system for NASA's Mars Pathfinder mission, lands on Mars[15]
  • 1999: Acquisition of one of their major competitors, Integrated Systems Inc., makers of pSOS. Wind River has since discontinued the pSOS product line and has recommended existing pSOS customers move to VxWorks.[citation needed]
  • 2001: Wind River Systems acquired Belgian software company Eonic Systems, the developer of Virtuoso RTOS for DSPs. In November 2015, Wind River Systems renamed the operating system to Rocket, made it open-source and royalty-free.[16] In 2016, Rocket was incorporated into Zephyr RTOS hosted by Linux Foundation.
  • 2004: Wind River officially enters the embedded Linux market,[17] with a Carrier Grade Linux platform targeting the networking & communications infrastructure industry. Also, NASA's Mars Exploration Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, powered by VxWorks,[18] land on Mars. Wind River helped in manufacturing the IntelliStar for The Weather Channel. The IntelliStar is used at Cable Headends to insert Local Weather into The Weather Channel's national programming.
  • 2007: Wind River joins Google's Open Handset Alliance as an original Linux commercialization partner.[19]
  • 2008: Wind River establishes the embedded Linux market share lead with greater than 30 percent of total market revenue, four years after entering the market.[20]
  • 2009: Intel acquires Wind River for approximately $884 million and it becomes a wholly owned subsidiary of Intel. Wind River launches a commercial Android software platform.[21] Wind River becomes a founding member of the GENIVI Alliance.[22]
  • 2010: Wind River adds Simics,[23] a full system simulator, to its product portfolio. VxWorks becomes the first RTOS to be certified under Wurldtech's Achilles certification program,[24] a standard for industrial cyber security. Wind River partners with Intel and the Linux Foundation to create the Yocto Project,[25] an open source collaboration project providing templates, tools and methods to help developers create embedded Linux-based systems.
  • 2012: NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) successfully lands Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity, powered by Wind River technology.[18] Wind River debuts software platform targeted at gateways and hubs for the Internet of things.[26]
  • 2013: Wind River becomes part of Intel's Internet of Things Group (IOTG), but remains a wholly owned subsidiary.[27] Barry Mainz assumes the position of President.
  • 2014: Wind River introduces its software for network functions virtualization (NFV) applications, as well as its next-generation VxWorks platform reinvented for the Internet of Things.[28][29]
  • 2014: Wind River fined $750,000 by Bureau of Industry and Security for exporting encryption technology to countries including Israel and South Korea.[30]
  • 2015: the company was accused of repeated trademark and licensing violations of the Grsecurity project, which as response has restricted its code to commercial partners only.[31]
  • 2016: Intel announced that it intended to fully integrate Wind River into one of its divisions (thus ending Wind River's status as a wholly owned subsidiary,) although the scheduled completion date of this action has not been made public. Barry Mainz left the company to become President and CEO of MobileIron and Jim Douglas assumes the position of President.
  • 2018: Intel divested Wind River Systems to alternative asset fund manager TPG under undisclosed terms.[32]
  • 2018: Ford selects Wind River Over-the-Air Update Technology.[33]
  • 2018: NASA's InSight lands on Mars with VxWorks operating system.[34]
  • 2019: Wind River became the first OpenChain 2.0 Conformant.[35]
  • 2020: Kevin Dallas named to role of CEO and member of the Board of Directors.
  • 2020: Verizon uses Wind River's software infrastructure for its deployment of virtualized 5G RAN.[36]
  • 2020: Wind River becomes first and only to achieve The Open Group FACE™ Conformance for Linux.[37]
  • 2021: Perseverance Mars becomes fourth Mars rover running VxWorks operating system.
  • 2021: Vodafone selects Wind River as a partner to build Europe's first commercial open RAN network.[38]
  • 2022: Wind River was acquired by Aptiv from TPG Capital for $4.3 billion in cash.[39]


Among the company's products are the VxWorks real-time operating system, the Wind River Linux operating system, and the Eclipse-based Wind River Workbench IDE. VxWorks began as an add-on to the VRTX operating system in the early 1980s. Wind River Workbench superseded the previous Tornado environment.[40]


VxWorks is the original flagship product of Wind River. It is a real-time operating system (RTOS) intended for embedded and critical infrastructure devices and systems. It supports multicore processors, 32-bit and 64-bit, for several architectures including ARM, Intel, and Power and has over one hundred board support packages (BSPs) for different hardware systems. VxWorks is a real time and deterministic operating system.

Wind River Linux

Wind River's Linux product is source code and a build system that generate runtime images suitable for embedded devices. It supports a variety of architectures, including ARM, MIPS, PowerPC, IA32 and SPARC.

In 2004, Wind River announced a partnership with Red Hat to create a new Linux-based distribution for embedded devices.[41] Wind River has since ended its partnership with Red Hat and now ships its own Linux distribution optimized for embedded Linux development.

Wind River released the first version of its embedded Linux distribution, Platform for Network Equipment - Linux Edition (PNE-LE) 1.0 in 2005.[42] It was registered against the Carrier Grade Linux 2.0 specification and supported IA32 and PPC architectures. They added other platforms in subsequent releases, General Purpose Platform - Linux Edition (GPP-LE) and Platform for Consumer Devices - Linux Edition PCD-LE) starting in version 1.4. In 2013 Wind River announced Wind River Linux 6.0.[43]

Wind River Systems acquired FSMLabs embedded technology in February 2007[44] and made a version available as Wind River Real-Time Core for Wind River Linux. As of August 2011, Wind River has discontinued the Wind River Real-Time Core product line, effectively ending commercial support for the RTLinux product.[citation needed] On August 7, 2007, Palm Inc. announced it would use Wind River Systems Linux for its (later aborted) Palm Foleo.[45]

In 2008, Wind River announced cooperation with BMW, Intel and Magneti Marelli for development of a Linux-based open-source platform to control in-car electronics,[46] which was extended in the GENIVI Alliance in 2009.[47]

In 2012, Wind River introduced a version of Linux that was developed from the Yocto Project open source development infrastructure and achieved Yocto project compatible registration.[43]


Simics is a full-system simulator used by software developers to simulate the hardware of complex electronic systems.

Wind River Studio

Wind River Studio is a cloud-native platform for the deployment and servicing of mission-critical intelligent edge systems.



  1. ^ "Wind River Systems, Inc. Q4 2008 Earnings Call Transcript". Seeking Alpha. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  2. ^ "Smart. Connected. Wind River" (PDF).\Accessdate=2017-03-18. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-01-03. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
  3. ^ "Wind River to be Acquired by TPG". Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  4. ^ "About Wind River". Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-12. Retrieved 2009-05-21.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ Software On Board Mars Pathfinder Has Berkeley Lab Ties Berkeley Labs Newsletter, August 8, 1997
  7. ^ Jerry Fiddler and Dave Wilner at Berkeley Labs Photo from 1997
  8. ^ "Berkeley Lab — Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory". 2014-11-04. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  9. ^ Lord of the Toasters, Wired interview with Jerry Fiddler, September 1, 1994
  10. ^ Embedded Systems: Jerry Fiddler Change is music to his ears EE Times interview 1998
  11. ^ Takahashi, Dean (April 3, 2018). "Intel to spin out Wind River software division to TPG". Venture Beat. Retrieved 25 June 2020.
  12. ^ "Aptiv Announces the Acquisition of Wind River, A Leading Provider of Intelligent Edge Software Solutions, From TPG". Wind River. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  13. ^ [1][dead link]
  14. ^ "Wind River Systems, Inc.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  15. ^ "Wind River Powers Mars Exploration Rovers--Continues Legacy as Technology Provider for NASA's Space Exploration". Wind River Systems. 2003-06-06. Archived from the original on 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2009-08-28.
  16. ^ "Wind River Sets Rocket RTOS On Free Trajectory". EEJournal. 25 November 2015. Retrieved 2018-02-23.
  17. ^ Linux to Power Wind River Sails, IT Business News
  18. ^ a b Inside NASA's Curiosity: It's an Apple Airport Extreme… with wheels, ExtremeTech
  19. ^ "Industry Leaders Announce Open Platform for Mobile Devices". Open Handset Alliance. 2007-11-05. Retrieved 2007-11-05.
  20. ^ "Intel's Wind River Claims Lead in Embedded Linux - InternetNews". InternetNews. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  21. ^ Intel to Acquire Wind River Systems for Approximately $884 Million, Intel News, June 2009
  22. ^ About
  23. ^ "Wind River to Add Virtutech Simics Products to Comprehensive Embedded Software Portfolio". 2010-02-05. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  24. ^ [2] Archived 2012-08-31 at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ "Wind River Enhances Market-Leading Embedded Linux Platform to Further Support Open Source Innovation". MarketWatch. 2013-10-24. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  26. ^ "Products - Embedded Computing Design". Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  27. ^ Intel Creates Internet of Things Group, EETimes, February 2014
  28. ^ Wind River Unveils Industry's First Commercial Carrier Grade Platform for NFV, Businesswire
  29. ^ Wind River Outfits VxWorks for the Internet of Things, Computer World
  30. ^ Matheny, Richard L.; Osborn, Jacob R. (15 October 2014). "Software Companies Now on Notice That Encryption Exports May Be Treated More Seriously: $750,000 Fine Against Intel Subsidiary". Goodwin Procter LLP. Archived from the original on 18 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  31. ^ "Grsecurity stable patches to be limited to sponsors". LWN. 2015.
  32. ^ "Intel (INTC) to Trim Business, Divests Wind River Unit to TPG".
  33. ^ "Wind River Advances Automotive OTA Technology With Differential System". 2018-11-07. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  34. ^ Martin, Dylan (2018-11-26). "How Wind River's VxWorks Helped NASA's InSight Land On Mars". CRN. Retrieved 2021-09-11.
  35. ^ Coughlan, Shane (2019-06-18). "Wind River is the first OpenChain 2.0 Conformant Organization". OpenChain. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  36. ^ "Verizon completes first successful end-to-end fully virtualized 5G data session in the world". 2020-08-25. Retrieved 2021-08-30.
  37. ^ "Wind River Accelerates Cyber Era for Avionics as First and Only to Achieve The Open Group FACE™ Conformance for Linux". 2020-07-29. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  38. ^ "#ETIMC: Govt support required for startups, system integrators to deploy Open RAN on large scale, says Vodafone Idea - ET Telecom". Retrieved 2021-09-11.
  39. ^ "Aptiv Announces the Acquisition of Wind River, A Leading Provider of Intelligent Edge Software Solutions, From TPG". Wind River. Retrieved 2022-01-11.
  40. ^ Company Overview of Wind River Systems, Inc., Bloomberg Businessweek
  41. ^ Bakalar, Jeff (2004-02-23). "Wind River, Red Hat team on embedded Linux - CNET". Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  42. ^ "News - Linux for Devices". 2012-09-04. Archived from the original on 2005-02-16. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  43. ^ a b Wind River Linux 6 Archived 2014-08-08 at the Wayback Machine, Yocto Project webpage
  44. ^ Wind River Acquires Real-Time Linux from FSMLabs, The Linux Beacon
  45. ^ D. Murph (August 7, 2007). "Palm chooses Wind River Systems for Foleo's Linux". Engadget. Retrieved August 16, 2021.
  46. ^ "BMW wants joint effort to develop open-source in-vehicle platform". 2008-10-23. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  47. ^ Myslewski, Rik (5 March 2009). "Intel aims open source at your car". Channel Register. The Register. Retrieved 21 November 2011.
  48. ^ "TECHNOLOGY; Wind River Systems Agrees to Acquisition of ICEsoft". The New York Times. August 28, 2000.
  49. ^ "Wind River Acquires AudeSi, Gains Additional Java, Internet Appliance Expertise - Company Business and Marketing". Edge: Work-Group Computing Report. 2000.
  50. ^ "Wind River acquires middleware provider". EE Times. 2007-01-31. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  51. ^ "Wind River buys Mizi Research - News - Linux for Devices". Archived from the original on 2008-08-31. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  52. ^ Wind River. "Wind River to Acquire Tilcon Software to Add Rich Graphical User Interfaces - Embedded Computing Design". Archived from the original on 2009-05-11. Retrieved 2017-03-18.
  53. ^ "Source".
  54. ^ "Source".

Further reading

  • Lord of the Toasters an article from Wired magazine
  • "Wind River's Linux Transformation". Archived from the original on 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2005-12-13.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link) an article from CNET

External links

  • Wind River Systems company website