Wolfpack Blücher
Active14 August 1942 to 28 August 1942
Country Nazi Germany
BranchKriegsmarine
Size8 submarines
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Peter-Erich Cremer
Harald Gelhaus

Blücher was a wolfpack of German U-boats that operated during the World War II Battle of the Atlantic from 14 to 28 August 1942. They attacked the Freetown, Sierra Leone to Liverpool convoys SL-118 and SL-119, and sank six ships for a total of 41,984 gross register tons (GRT), and damaged one (10,552 GRT). The group was named after Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (1742–1819), a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall in the Napoleonic Wars.[1]

U-boats, commanders and dates

Ships hit by this Wolfpack

Triton

U-566 struck first, while north-east of the Azores. At 17:56 on 17 August 1942, she fired three torpedoes at Convoy SL-118, hitting the 6,607 ton Norwegian merchant ship Triton twice and sinking her. The Master, 39 crewmen, two gunners and one passenger abandoned ship, and were picked up by the British merchantman Baron Dunmore.[10]

Cheshire, Hatarana and Balingkar

At 18.52 hours on 18 August, U-214 fired four single torpedoes at Convoy SL-118; and hit three ships. One torpedo damaged the 10,552 ton armed merchant cruiser HMS Cheshire, which was towed back to England for repairs.[11] Another damaged the 7,522 ton British merchant ship Hatarana so badly that she was abandoned by her crew of 108 and was scuttled by gunfire from the corvette HMS Pentstemon.[12] The final two torpedoes struck the 6,318 ton Dutch cargo ship Balingkar, sinking her within 15 minutes with the loss of two men from her crew of 93.[13]

City of Manila

The next day, 19 August, at 16:22 U-406 torpedoed the 7,452 ton British merchantman City of Manila, which was then abandoned by her crew. The next day, the vessel was reboarded by a number of her crew. Later the ship broke in two, was abandoned again, and then sank. One crew member was lost. The Master, 83 crewmen and 11 gunners were rescued.[14]

City of Cardiff and Zuiderkerk

At 19:08 on 28 August U-566 fired a spread of three torpedoes at Convoy SL-119 west-north-west of Lisbon and hit two ships; the 5,661 ton British merchant ship City of Cardiff and the 8,424 ton Dutch merchant ship Zuiderkerk.

The Zuiderkerk was hit in the bows and was forced to stop to inspect the damage. She then managed to rejoin the convoy, but flooding in her holds forced the 56 crew and 12 passengers to abandon ship early on 29 August. The ship was then sunk with depth charges by HMS Erne.[15] Meanwhile, the badly damaged City of Cardiff remained afloat, but foundered two days later with the loss of 21 crew.[16]

References

Notes
  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Wolfpack Blücher". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Peter-Erich Cremer (Knight's Cross)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  3. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Gerhard Feiler". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Heinrich Müller-Edzards". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  5. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Günther Reeder". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  6. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Horst Dieterichs". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  7. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Gerhard Remus". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  8. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Friedrich Mumm". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  9. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Harald Gelhaus (Knight's Cross)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 25 November 2014.
  10. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Triton (Motor merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  11. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "HMS Cheshire (F 18) (Armed Merchant Cruiser)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  12. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Hatarana (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  13. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Balingkar (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  14. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "City of Manila (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  15. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Zuiderkerk (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  16. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "City of Cardiff (Steam merchant)". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 26 January 2010.