Throughout most of history women were unofficial theologians. They would write and teach, but did not hold official positions in Universities and Seminaries. Beginning in the second half of the twentieth century, women theological scholars began to be appointed to formal faculty positions at theological schools. Women are slowly being recognized as theological scholars.
In writings of the
Baháʼí Faith, the Holy Spirit is often described as the " Maid of Heaven".
Three women figure prominently in the history of the Baháʼí Faith:
Táhirih, a disciple of the Báb; Ásíyih Khánum, the wife of Baháʼu'lláh; and Bahíyyih Khánum the daughter of Baháʼu'lláh. Táhirih and Bahíyyih, in particular, held strong leadership positions and are seen vital to the development of the religion.
Several women played leading roles in the early days of the Baháʼí Faith in America.
  Among them are:  May Maxwell, Corinne True, and Martha Root. Rúhíyyih Khanum and a mix of male and female Hands of the Cause formed an interim leadership of the religion for six years prior to the formation of the Universal House of Justice. Later prominent women include Patricia Locke, Jaqueline Left Hand Bull Delahunt, Layli Miller-Muro, and Dr. Susan Maneck, who herself wrote books documenting the role of women in the Baháʼí Faith.
Women prominent in the New Testament
Women prominent in the Early Christian Church
Women prominent in the Medieval church
Antoinette Bourignon, a mystic
St. Bridget of Sweden (1302–1373)
Heloise (student of Abelard)
Hildegard of Bingen, theologian, mystic, wrote much music, some which has survived
Pope Joan, although existence has been questioned
St. Margery Kempe (c.1373–1438)
Saint Macrina the Younger, sister and influence upon Saint Basil the Great and Saint Gregory of Nyssa St.
Clare of Assisi, founded the Poor Clares St.
Julian of Norwich (1342–c.1416), a mystic St. Scholastica, twin sister of Benedict of Nursia Women prominent in the Catholic Church (Post-Reformation)
In 1970 three women were declared
Doctor of the Church
Women prominent in Protestant Churches
Ursula Cotta (article in German) (c. 1450–1511), influenced Luther's attitude toward women
Inger Ottesdotter Rømer (c. 1475–1555), wealthiest landowner in Norway, promoted the Reformation extensively
Argula von Grumbach (1492-1554), writer who defended Martin Luther
Christina Gyllenstierna (1494-1559), commanded the city of Stockholm, unsuccessful in preventing the execution of over 100 people for heresy ( Stockholm Bloodbath)
Katharina Zell (1497 or 1498–1562), proponent of clerical marriage
Katharina von Bora, (1499–1552) Roman Catholic nun who became Lutheran, proponent of clerical marriage
Ursula of Munsterberg in 1528 published 69 articles about why she and other nuns were going to leave their convent.
Anne Boleyn, influenced religious development in England indirectly by leading Henry VIII to divorce Catherine of Aragon and break from the Catholic Church
Elisabeth of Hesse (1502–1557), exposed secret bigamy of her brother Philip
Elisabeth of Brandenburg (1510-1558), secretly took communion in both kinds against the wishes of her Catholic father. She implemented the Reformation when governing in place of her underage son
Amalia of Cleves (1517-1586), authored a songbook, rejected as possible wife by Henry VIII
Anne Askew (1521–1546), tortured in the Tower of London and martyred in Smithfield for Protestantism
Joan Bocher (?–1550), English Anabaptist martyr in Smithfield
Elizabeth Pepper (?–1556), martyred while pregnant for Protestantism, together with Agnes George
Guernsey Martyrs, three women martyred for Protestantism in 1556, one woman was pregnant and gave birth while being burned, the child was rescued but then ordered to be burned too
Anne Locke (1530 – ?), Calvinist poet
Anna Leuhusen (died c. 1554), abbess who along with her nuns, became nurses
Joan Waste (1534–1556), blind woman martyred for Protestantism
Alice Benden (?–1557), martyred for Protestantism
Alice Driver (?–1558), testified for and martyred for Protestantism
Anna Maria of the Palatinate (1561 – 1589), a Lutheran who was concerned about the spread of Calvinism and described by Charles IX of Sweden as "more educated in religion than anyone to be found."
Magdalena Heymair, in 1569 became the first woman to have her writings listed on the Index Librorum Prohibitorum
Elizabeth Melville (c.1578–c.1640), Scottish Calvinist poet, first known woman to print a book in Scotland.
Augusta of Denmark (1580 – 1639), walked to Lutheran church and refused to attend Calvinist services. Later fired a Calvinist minister and restored the previous Lutheran minister to his position.
Anna Maria von Eggenberg (1609-1680), moved court to a city in Hungary where she would be able sponsor Protestant church services.
Catherine Vasa of Sweden (1539-1610) actively supported Lutheranism above Calvinism, visited Wittenberg to study theology, wrote interpretations of the bible Johanna Eleonora Petersen (1644-1724), Pietist writer, wikilink in German
Anne Hutchinson, charismatic and outspoken Puritan in early colonial New England whose unorthodox religious views helped spark the Antinomian Controversy from 1636 to 1638
Johanna Sibylla Küsel (1650 – 1717), Lutheran printmaker who illustrated religious and scientific books.
Mary Dyer, avid follower of the Quaker religion who became a martyr when she was hanged in Boston in 1660 for her religious activism Katharina Elizabeth – in 1698, Catholic village leaders of
Radibor attempted to have her disciplined for attempted Lutheranization of the population. 
Marie Durand (1711–1776), imprisoned 38 years in the Tower of Constance for Protestantism with 24 other women 
Barbara von Krüdener (1764–1824), her spiritual relationship with Tsar Alexander influenced the religious character of the Holy Alliance, for a time she gave up her noble lifestyle and wandered, supporting crowds who wandered with her.
Amalie Sieveking (1794 –1859), founded society which trained women to help for poor and invalids, wrote tracts
Clara Maass (1876–1901), devout nurse who died after volunteering in an immunization experiment, listed on the Lutheran Calendar of Saints
Ellen G. White (1827-1915), co-founder and prophetess of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, a large Protestant movement present in over 200 countries and territories. 
Lottie Moon (1840–1912), Baptist missionary to China
Mary Hannah Fulton (1854–1927), Presbyterian missionary to China Eva von Tiele-Winckler (1866-1930), (article in German), deaconess
Elisabeth Schmitz (1893-1977), unsuccessfully attempted to prod the Confessing Church to take a stance in favor of Jews during the Nazi era. Wikilink in German.
Gertrud Staewen (1894-1987), supported the cause of Jews in the Confessing Church during the Nazi era. Wikilink in German.
Betty Stam (1906–1934), missionary to China, martyr Rachel Saint (1914–1994), missionary to the Huaorani in Operation Auca after the martyrdom of her brother Women prominent in Eastern Orthodoxy
A number of
hymns and psalms have been written by women, from the pen of Fanny Crosby and Emily Gosse, for example.
Elisabeth Cruciger (1500-1535), the first female Protestant hymn writer
Louise Henriette of Nassau (1627–1667), Calvinist hymnwriter, wrote "Jesus, meine Zuversicht ". 
Emilie Juliane of Barby-Mühlingen (1637–1706), Lutheran hymnwriter, wrote nearly 600 hymns, including " Wer weiß, wie nahe mir mein Ende," which has been translated into English as "Who Knows When Death May Overtake Me."
Anna Sophia II (1638–1683), wrote "Rede, liebster Jesu, rede," which was translated as "Speak, O Lord, Thy Servant Heareth." 
Ludmilla Elisabeth (1640–1672), her hymn "Jesus, Jesus, nichts als Jesu" was translated as "Jesus, Jesus, Only Jesus". 
Anna Laetitia Barbauld (1743–1825), authored Hymns in Prose for Children
Aimee Semple McPherson ("Sister Aimee"), early 20th-century evangelist and founder of the Foursquare Church
Jane Wardley, contributed to the development of the Shakers
Catherine Booth, co-founder of the Salvation Army
Elizabeth Fry, Quaker and prison reformer
Princess Eugénie (1830–1889), her hymn "O, at jeg kunde min Jesus prise" is set to a Norwegian folk tune and was translated as "My heart is longing." 
Lina Sandell (1832–1903), Swedish hymn writer, wrote Tryggare kan ingen vara
Ellen G. White, co-founder and prophetess of the Seventh-day Adventist Church
Evangeline Booth, fourth General of the Salvation Army
Elizabeth Barrett Browning (1806–1861), English hymn writer and literary figure
Hannah Whitall Smith, prominent leader in the Holiness movement
Joanna Southcott, 18th-century self-described religious prophetess and founder of Southcottians
Li Tim-Oi, first female priest to be ordained in the Anglican Communion
Louisa Maria Hubbard (1836–1906), involved in the deaconess movement; published in 1871 the pamphlet "Anglican Deaconesses: is there No Place for Women in the System?" Mother
Ann Lee, leader of the Shakers in America
Phoebe Palmer, prominent leader in the Holiness movement
Selina, Countess of Huntingdon, involved with Methodism; there was a group called the Countess of Huntingdon's Connection
Mary Baker Eddy, founded Christian Science
Jackie Pullinger MBE, contemporary missionary working with inner city gangs, and founder of St Stephen's Society in Hong Kong
Florence Crawford ("Mother Crawford"), founder of the Apostolic Faith Mission of Portland, Oregon
Catherine Winkworth (1827–1878), Translator of German chorales
Eliza Sibbald Alderson
Augusta Amherst Austen
Charlotte Alington Barnard
Ada R. Habershon
Frances Ridley Havergal
Maria Grace Saffery
Emily H. Woodmansee Anna White Hinduism
Recognition of the feminine aspect of
God during the last century by Tantric and Shakti religious leaders, has led to the legitimization of the female teachers and female gurus in Hinduism. A notable example was Ramakrishna, who worshiped his wife as the embodiment of the divine feminine. 
The status of women in Jainism differs between the two main sects,
Digambara and Svetambara. Jainism prohibits women from appearing naked; because of this, Digambaras, who consider renunciation of clothes essential to moksha, say that they cannot attain enlightenment in the same life. Svetambaras, who allow  sadhus to wear clothes, believe that women can attain moksha. There are more Svetambara sadhvis than sadhus and women have always been influential in the Jain religion.
There are several prominent women in the
Deborah, Hebrew prophetess, fourth judge
Esther, Jewish heroine associated with the feast of Purim
Huldah, the prophetess who validated the scroll found in the Temple (thought by many to be the book of Deuteronomy)
Ruth, proselyte par excellence; better than seven sons
Leah, beloved of God, matriarch of some of the twelve tribes Rachel, matriarch of some of the twelve tribes Daoism
One of the
Daoist Eight Immortals, Immortal Woman He, is a woman. Additionally, Sun Bu'er was a famous female Taoist master in the 12th century. Her work "Secret Book on the Inner Elixir (as Transmitted by the Immortal Sun Bu'er)" discussed some of the particularities of female "Inner Elixir" ( Neidan) cultivation. Daoist nuns usually have equal status with monks.