Xiao (rank)

Summary

Xiao (Chinese: ; Wade–Giles: Hsiao) is the rank held by field officers in the militaries of China and Taiwan. The Chinese military (PLA) uses four grades while the Taiwanese military uses only three, with the rank equivalent to the fourth being treated as a general officer rank. This difference is found in other militaries as well: in the British Army a brigadier is considered a field officer, while the equivalent rank in the United States Army, brigadier general, is considered a general officer. The Chinese use the same rank names for all services, prefixed by hai jun (海军, Naval Force) or kong jun (空军, Air Force). While the Taiwanese military (ROC) does the same for enlisted ranks and company-grade officers, it has distinct names for the higher naval ranks.

UsageEdit

Rank group Field/senior officers
  PLA Ground Forces[1]        
  PLA Navy[1]                
  PLA Air Force[1]        

  Republic of China Army[2]      
  Republic of China Navy      
  Republic of China Air Force      
Chinese title 大校
Dàxiào
上校
Shàngxiào
中校
Zhōngxiào
少校
Shàoxiào

Literal translation Grand field officer Senior field officer Middle field officer Junior field officer

Army and
air force translation
Senior colonel Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major

Navy translation Senior captain Captain Commander Lieutenant commander

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Ping, Xu (7 August 2017). "我军建军九十年军衔制度沿革" [The evolution of our military rank system over the ninety years of its establishment]. mod.gov.cn (in Chinese). Ministry of National Defense. Archived from the original on 28 December 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Act of Commission for Officers and Noncommissioned Officers of the Armed Forces". law.moj.gov.tw. Ministry of Justice. Retrieved 4 July 2021.