Yamakita, Kanagawa

Summary

Yamakita (山北町, Yamakita-machi) is a town located in Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 April 2021, the town had an estimated population of 9,878 and a population density of 44 persons per km².[1] The total area of the town is 224.70 square kilometres (86.76 sq mi).

Yamakita
山北町
Yamakita Town Hall
Yamakita Town Hall
Flag of Yamakita
Official seal of Yamakita
Location of Yamakita in Kanagawa Prefecture
Location of Yamakita in Kanagawa Prefecture
Yamakita is located in Japan
Yamakita
Yamakita
 
Coordinates: 35°21′N 139°4′E / 35.350°N 139.067°E / 35.350; 139.067Coordinates: 35°21′N 139°4′E / 35.350°N 139.067°E / 35.350; 139.067
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureKanagawa
DistrictAshigarakami
Area
 • Total224.70 km2 (86.76 sq mi)
Population
 (May 1, 2021)
 • Total9,878
 • Density44/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
City symbols 
• TreeJapanese beech
• FlowerKerria
• BirdCopper pheasant
Phone number046-75-1122
Address1301-4 Yamakita, Yamakita-machi, Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa-ken 258-0195
WebsiteOfficial website
Lake Tazawa

GeographyEdit

Yamakita is located in the mountainous western portion of Kanagawa Prefecture, bordering Shizuoka and Yamanashi Prefectures. Much of the town is within the boundaries of the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park. Yamakita is approximately 50 kilometers west of Yokohama. Lake Tanzawa is located in the center of the town.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

Kanagawa Prefecture

Yamanashi Prefecture

Shizuoka Prefecture

ClimateEdit

Yamakita has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Yamakita is 11.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2042 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.8 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.4 °C.[2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Yamakita has been declining since the 1950s.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 16,710—    
1960 15,839−5.2%
1970 14,235−10.1%
1980 13,803−3.0%
1990 14,342+3.9%
2000 13,605−5.1%
2010 11,762−13.5%

HistoryEdit

During the Edo period the area around Yamakita was part of Odawara Domain, along with most of western Sagami Province. After the cadastral reforms of the early Meiji period, Kawa village was one of several villages established within Ashigarakami district, Kanagawa Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the modern municipalities system. In the Meiji era, the town prospered as a transportation hub with the opening of the Tokaido Main Line railway, but when the line changed its route due to the opening of the Tanna Tunnel, its role rapidly declined. Kawa village was elevated to town status on April 1, 1933 and renamed Yamakita. It merged with neighboring Kyowa, Shimizu and Miho villages on February 1, 1955 and further expanded by annexing the Hirayama area of former Kitaashigara village on April 1, 1955.

GovernmentEdit

Yamakita has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town council of 14 members. Yamakita, together with the other municipalities in Ashigarakami District and Minamiashigara city, collectively contributes one member to the Kanagawa Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the town is part of Kanagawa 17th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

The economy of Yamakita is based primarily on agriculture and forestry.

EducationEdit

Yamakita has two public elementary schools and two public middle schools operated by the town government. The town has one public high school operated by the Kanagawa Prefectural Board of Education, and there is one private high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

  JR TokaiGotemba Line

HighwayEdit

Local attractionsEdit

 
Shasui Waterfalls

Hot springsEdit

  • Nakagawa Hot Springs

Camping areasEdit

  • Yamakita Town Friendship Village
  • Lake Tanzawa Campsite
  • Lake Tanzawa Lodge
  • West Tanzawa Nakagawa Lodge
  • West Tanzawa Cottage Camp Ground

ParksEdit

  • Kawamura Castle ruins Historical Park
  • Yamakita Railway Park

FestivalsEdit

  • Yamakita Cherry Blossom Festival(end of March ~ beginning of April)
  • Lake Tanzawa Fireworks Festival
  • West Tanzawa Autumn Momiji Festival

EventsEdit

  • Lake Tanzawa Fishing Festival
  • Lake Tanzawa Canoe Marathon
  • Lake Tanzawa Marathon
  • Christmas in Lake Tanzawa

SportsEdit

  • Sakawa River Golf Club

Notable people from YamakitaEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Yamakita town official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Yamakita climate data
  3. ^ Yamakita population statistics

External linksEdit

  • Official Website (in Japanese)