Mission typeCommunication
OperatorGazprom Space Systems
COSPAR ID2014-082A
SATCAT no.40345
Mission duration15 years (planned)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerISS Reshetnev (bus)
Thales Alenia Space (payload)
Launch mass2,976 kilograms (6,561 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date15 December 2014, 00:16:00 (2014-12-15UTC00:16Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 81/24
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Longitude90° East
Perigee altitude35,783 kilometres (22,235 mi)[1]
Apogee altitude35,791 kilometres (22,239 mi)[1]
Inclination0.01 degrees[1]
Period1436.1 minutes[1]
Epoch17 March 2015, 13:32:42 UTC[1]
Band17 C band
36 Ku band

Yamal-401 (Russian: Ямал-401) is a Russian geostationary communications satellite operated by Gazprom Space Systems. It was built by ISS Reshetnev and is based on the Ekspress-2000 satellite bus. It is equipped with 17 C band and 36 Ku band transponders.[2] It has a design life of 15 years.

Development history

[3] [4]

In February 2009 Gazprom ordered two Yamal-400-type satellites from Thales Alenia Space. The satellites were name Yamal-401 and Yamal-402. Thales Alenia Space was to be responsible for all aspects of the development and building of the satellites. Both satellites were to be based on Spacebus4000C3 satellite buses.

However, later in 2010 Gazprom changed their satellite order so that the Yamal-401 satellite would be developed by ISS Reshetnev and be based on their Ekspress-2000 satellite bus. Thales Alenia Space would deliver the payload for Yamal-401 as originally agreed (also, no changes on the payload side of things). There were no changes with the Yamal-402 satellite, with Thales Alenia developing and building the whole satellite as originally planned.

Originally, both Yamal-401 and Yamal-402 were to be launched by Ariane 5, but the launches were changed to Proton-M rockets.


International Launch Services was contracted to launch Yamal-401, using a Proton-M/Briz-M rocket. The launch took place from Site 81/24 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome, at 00:16 UTC on 15 December 2014. The satellite was deployed into the planned geostationary transfer orbit.

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e "YAMAL 401 Satellite details 2014-082A NORAD 40345". N2YO. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  2. ^ "JSC Gazprom Space Systems. Space Infrastructure". Gazprom Space Systems. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  3. ^ https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/yamal-401.htm
  4. ^ https://space.skyrocket.de/doc_sdat/yamal-401-2.htm

External links

  • Gazkom Yamal-401 technical performance
  • ISS Reshetnev Yamal-401 page