Mission typeCommunications
OperatorGazprom Space Systems
COSPAR ID2019-031A
SATCAT no.44307
Mission duration15 years (planned)
2 years, 4 months and 16 days (in progress)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeYamal-600
ManufacturerThales Alenia Space
Launch mass5,422 kg (11,953 lb)
Power11 kW[1]
Start of mission
Launch date30 May 2019, 17:42:00 UTC
RocketProton-M / Briz-M
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 200/39
ContractorKhrunichev State Research and Production Space Center
Entered service19 July 2019
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeGeostationary orbit
Longitude49° East
Band70 transponders:
38 C-band
32 Ka-band[2]
Coverage areaRussia

Yamal-601 (Russian: Ямал-601) is a Russian geostationary communications satellite ordered by Gazprom Space Systems from Thales Alenia Space (TAS) on the Spacebus-4000C4 satellite bus for its Yamal programme.[3] The satellite has mass of 5,422 kg (11,953 lb) and 11 kW of payload power with over 15 years of design life.[2] Its payload was also supplied by Thales Alenia Space and is composed of 38 C-band and 32 Ka-band transponders.[2][4] It replaced Yamal-202 on 49° East as Yamal-202 was slated to reach its end of service around 2019.[5]


In 2013, Gazprom Space Systems Board decided on a new plan. It required two new spacecraft: Yamal-501 and Yamal-601.[6] In January 2014, Gazprom and Thales announced a contract for a new spacecraft, Yamal-601.[7][1] In 2015, the Yamal-401 history would repeat itself, and the contract of Yamal-601 with Thales was cancelled and was reassigned to ISS Reshetnev, but Thales was again allowed to keep the payload supply. However, in 2016, this decision to give the spacecraft bus development contract to ISS Reshetnev was reversed, and Thales Alenia Space ended up developing and building the whole satellite, bus and payload.[7][8]


The satellite was launched on 30 May 2019, at 17:42:00 UTC.[9] On 24 June 2019, the satellite was inserted into nominal geostationary orbit.[10]


The satellite is intended for the replacement of the Yamal-202 satellite and business development in the Ka-band. On 19 July 2019, the satellite was finally put into operation, transferring all the networks from the Yamal-202 satellite to it.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Thales Alenia Space to build Yamal-601 satellite for Gazprom Space Systems". Thales Alenia Space. 22 January 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  2. ^ a b c "Yamal-601 satellite in orbit". Thales Alenia Space. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 23 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Yamal communication satellites". RussiaSpaceWeb.com. 21 April 2016. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  4. ^ "Yamal-601 49° East". Gazprom. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  5. ^ "Yamal 601". SatBeams. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
  6. ^ "New Projects". Gazprom Space Systems. Retrieved 22 July 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Yamal-601". Gunter's Space Page. 11 June 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  8. ^ Zak, Anatoly. "Proton launches Yamal-601". RussiaSpaceWeb.com. Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Proton-M puts Yamal-601 satellite in suborbital trajectory". TASS. 30 May 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2021.
  10. ^ "YAMAL-601 COMMUNICATIONS SATELLITE NOW IN GEOSTATIONARY ORBIT". Thales Alenia Space. 24 June 2019. Retrieved 26 April 2021.

External links

  • Gazprom Space Syatems Yamal-601