Yoshino Maru
History
Kaiserliche Marine JackGermany
Name: Kleist
Owner: Norddeutscher Lloyd
Builder: Schichau-Werke, Danzig
Launched: 1907
In service: 1907-1919
Out of service: 1919
Captured: in Padang 1919
Japan
Name: Yoshino Maru
Owner: Nippon Yusen
In service: 1921-1944
Out of service: 31 July 1944
Fate: Sunk, 31 July 1944
General characteristics
Type: Ocean liner
Tonnage: 8,950 tons
Length: 141.3 m
Beam: 17.5 m
Depth: 11.9 m
Propulsion: 2 x 4 cyl. Quadruple expansion engines, dual shaft, 2 screws
Speed: 14.5 knots
Notes: [1]

Yoshino Maru (Kanji:吉野丸) was an 8,950-ton Japanese troop transport during World War II, which sank on 31 July 1944 with great loss of life.

Yoshino Maru was built in 1907 as Kleist for the Norddeutscher Lloyd by the Schichau-Werke in Danzig, Germany. In 1919, she was ceded to the United Kingdom as war reparation, who sold her in 1921 to the Japanese government, where she was renamed Yoshino Maru. In 1929, she was sold to Kinkai Yusen and used as an ocean liner. At the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War, she was requisitioned as a transport ship by the Imperial Japanese Navy.

On 31 July 1944, she was travelling in Convoy MI-11 from Moji, Japan, to Miri, Borneo, with 5,063 soldiers on board,[2] when the convoy was attacked by a United States Navy submarine wolfpack. At 3:40 AM, USS Parche (SS-384) torpedoed and sank Yoshino Maru with four torpedoes; losses aboard ship included 2,442 soldiers, as well as 18 gunners, 35 crewmen, and 400 cubic meters (14,120 cubic feet) of ammunition.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Yoshino Maru (+1944)". Wrecksite. Retrieved 2016-08-15.
  2. ^ "Yoshino Maru". combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 2016-08-15.
  3. ^ David L Williams. "In the Shadow of the Titanic: Merchant Ships Lost With Greater Fatalities". Retrieved 2016-08-15.