Yuan shuai

Summary

Yuan Shuai
元帥
Marshal of the PRC rank insignia (vertical).svg
Shoulder boards for the PLA rank yuan shuai (marshal), modelled after those of the marshal of the Soviet Union
Country China
Service branch People's Liberation Army Ground Force
Abolished1965
Next higher rankDa yuan shuai
Next lower rankDa jiang

Yuan shuai (Chinese: 元帥) was a Chinese military rank that corresponds to a marshal in other nations. It was given to distinguished generals during China's dynastic and republican periods. A higher level rank of da yuan shuai (大元帥), which corresponds to generalissimo was awarded to Chiang Kai Shek of the Republic of China. It was also proposed for Mao Zedong on the mainland, but he ultimately never accepted it.

Song dynasty

Jin dynasty

Republic of China

People's Republic of China

The rank Marshal of the People's Republic of China (traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國元帥; simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国元帅; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Yuánshuài) was awarded to ten veteran generals of the People's Liberation Army in 1955. However, it was abolished in 1965 and was never restored.[citation needed] Deng Xiaoping and Zhou Enlai were also offered the rank, but they declined, citing they had entered government work and were no longer involved with military affairs. Chen Yi also initially refused the rank for the same reason but Zhou Enlai insisted he took it, citing that because all of the other nine Marshals came from the Eighth Route Army, if he didn't take the rank, there would be nobody of the Marshal rank to represent the legacy of the New Fourth Army, whilst simultaneously citing Nikolai Bulganin who held the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union whilst working primarily in government. Thus, the recipients of the rank were:

Su Yu was left out but he became the most senior of the ten Da Jiang. Eight of the ten Marshals took part in the Nanchang Uprising in various capacities with Zhou Enlai. Of the other two, Peng Dehuai, led the Pingjiang Uprising. The other was Luo Ronghuan, who instead assisted Mao Tse-tung in the Autumn Harvest Uprising. Lin Biao was the youngest and Zhu De was the oldest of the ten Marshals. Nie Rongzhen was the last to die aged 93 in 1992.

See also

  • Other pronunciations of the characters 元帥
    • Gensui, the Japanese equivalent
    • Wonsu, the Korean equivalent
    • Nguyên soái, the Vietnamese equivalent
  • Grand yuan shuai (大元帥), a rank higher than yuan shuai

External links

  • PLA Figures at PLA Daily at the Wayback Machine (archived February 6, 2012)