Yuma Territorial Prison

Summary

The Yuma Territorial Prison
Yuma3-13-04 (16).jpg
Main Gate to the Yuma Territorial Prison.
General information
LocationYuma, Arizona, United States
Coordinates32°43′37″N 114°36′54″W / 32.72694°N 114.61500°W / 32.72694; -114.61500Coordinates: 32°43′37″N 114°36′54″W / 32.72694°N 114.61500°W / 32.72694; -114.61500
Opened1876[1]

The Yuma Territorial Prison is a former prison located in Yuma, Arizona, United States. Opened on July 1, 1876, and shut down on September 15, 1909. It is one of the Yuma Crossing and Associated Sites on the National Register of Historic Places in the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area. The site is now operated as a historical museum by Arizona State Parks as Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park.[2][3]

History

Prison

Opened while Arizona was still a U.S. territory, the prison accepted its first inmate on July 1, 1876.[4] For the next 33 years 3,069 prisoners, including 29 women, served sentences there for crimes ranging from murder to polygamy.[5] The prison was under continuous construction with labor provided by the prisoners.[6] In 1909, the last prisoner left the Territorial Prison for the newly constructed Arizona State Prison Complex located in Florence, Arizona.[7] It was also the third historic park in Arizona. The state historic park also contains a graveyard where 104 of the prisoners are buried.[8][9]

High School

Yuma Union High School occupied the buildings from 1910 to 1914.[10] When the school's football team played against Phoenix and unexpectedly won, the Phoenix team called the Yuma team "criminals".[11] Yuma High adopted the nickname with pride, sometimes shortened to the "Crims". The school's symbol is the face of a hardened criminal, and the student merchandise shop is called the Cell Block.[12]

Notable inmates

In popular culture

(Listed chronologically) The Yuma Territorial Prison has been featured in:

Bonanza episode featuring Dean Jones as an inmate of Yuma Territorial Prison.[citation needed]

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Trafzer, Cliff; George, Steve (1980). Prison Centennial, 1876–1976. Yuma County Historical Society. p. 6. OCLC 906535980.
  2. ^ http://azstateparks.com/Parks/YUTE/index.html. accessed 9/9/2010
  3. ^ "Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park, AZ A". www.desertusa.com.
  4. ^ "Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park". www.sangres.com.
  5. ^ "Wildernet.com". www.wildernet.com.
  6. ^ "Yuma Territorial Prison – Arizona Ghost Town". www.ghosttowns.com.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-04-22. Retrieved 2010-05-27.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Yuma Territorial State Historic Park at Find a Grave
  9. ^ "Yuma Territorial Prison State Park Map" (PDF).
  10. ^ Yuma Union – Yuma HS: History Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 7, 2011. Retrieved May 27, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ "Yuma Territorial Prison". Atlas Obscura.
  13. ^ Jane Eppinga (November–December 1997). "Hellhole on the Colorado". American Cowboy. American Cowboy LLC: 88–89. ISSN 1079-3690. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  14. ^ "Yuma Territorial Prison State Park, Museum & Exhibits - Yuma's #1 Tourist Destination". Yuma Territorial Prison State Park, Museum & Exhibits – Yuma's #1 Tourist Destination.
  15. ^ "Pop Culture 101 – 3:10 to Yuma".
  16. ^ http://www.yumasun.com/articles/prison-56764-yuma-campaign.html[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "3:10 to Yuma (2007) - IMDb" – via www.imdb.com.
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on March 1, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2010.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Hell Hole Prison". Travel Channel. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  20. ^ The Terrors of Yuma Territorial Prison, archived from the original on 2021-12-12, retrieved 2021-06-24
  21. ^ "LISTEN". And That's Why We Drink. Retrieved 2021-06-24.
  22. ^ "Halloween fright: These are the top haunted destinations in the US, according to readers". www.usatoday.com. Retrieved 2021-06-24.

Further reading

  • Joseph Stocker (May 1961). "City of Lost Hope". Arizona Highways. XXXVII (5): 36–39 – via Arizona Memory Project. {{cite journal}}: External link in |issue= (help)

External links

  • Yuma Territorial Prison Museum and Park – Historic Yuma AZ
  • Arizona State Parks: Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park website
  • AZ Department of Corrections: Early History, with Yuma Territorial Prison – Arizona Department of Corrections
  • U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Yuma Territorial Prison