Zhai Zhigang

Summary

Zhai Zhigang
Zhai Zhigang in 2021.jpg
Born (1966-10-10) 10 October 1966 (age 55)
StatusActive
NationalityChinese
Space career
PLAAC Taikonaut
Previous occupation
Fighter pilot, PLAAF
RankMajor general, PLASSF
Time in space
Currently in space
SelectionChinese Group 1
Total EVAs
1
Total EVA time
22 minutes
MissionsShenzhou 7, Shenzhou 13
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese翟志刚
Traditional Chinese翟志剛

Zhai Zhigang (born October 10, 1966) is a major general of the People's Liberation Army Strategic Support Force (PLASSF) in active service as a People's Liberation Army Astronaut Corps (PLAAC) taikonaut. During the Shenzhou 7 mission in 2008, he became the first Chinese citizen to carry out a spacewalk.[1] He was a People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) fighter pilot.

Air Force career

Zhai was born in Longjiang County, Qiqihar, Heilongjiang Province. He enrolled at the PLA Air Force Aviation University and studied to be a fighter pilot and then as a squadron leader. Zhai became a lieutenant colonel and pilot trainer in the PLAAF after logging 1000 hours of flying time.[2]

Astronaut Corps career

In 1996, Zhai was selected to trial for the taikonaut program and was selected to be the first group of fourteen in 1998. He was one of three members of the final group to train for the Shenzhou 5 flight. Yang Liwei was picked for the flight, with Zhai Zhigang ranked second ahead of Nie Haisheng. Zhai was one of the six taikonauts in the final training for Shenzhou 6. The Ta Kung Pao newspaper had reported that Zhai Zhigang and Nie Haisheng were the leading pair, after having been in the final group of three for Shenzhou 5. However, Zhai had been paired with Wu Jie during training. Fei Junlong and Nie Haisheng flew the flight.

Zhai, along with Liu Boming and Jing Haipeng was selected for prime crew on Shenzhou 7, with Zhai as commander, on 17 September 2008. On 25 September 2008, at 21:10 CST, they launched into space as the first three-man crew for China, China's third human spaceflight mission.[3][4] On 27 September 2008, Zhai became the first Chinese astronaut to spacewalk, completely outside the craft. Fellow crew member Liu Boming stood by at the airlock and could be seen straddling the portal. Zhai successfully completed his spacewalk at 18:25 CST.[5] Zhai wore the Chinese developed Feitian space suit, while Liu wore the Russian derived Orlan-M space suit.

Zhai was selected as commander to fly on the Shenzhou 13 alongside Wang Yaping and Ye Guangfu as his second spaceflight mission to the Tiangong space station.[6]

Personal life

Zhai's favourite pastimes are calligraphy, dancing and gadgets. He is married to Zhang Shujing and has one son.

See also

References

  1. ^ https://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20080916/wl_asia_afp/chinaspace[permanent dead link] Fighter pilot to be China's first space walker: govt
  2. ^ 航天英雄翟志刚刘伯明天津杨村起飞. 人民网·天津视窗 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 5 April 2010. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  3. ^ CCTV1 live telecast
  4. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2008-09/26/content_7060750.htm
  5. ^ CCTV4 live telecast
  6. ^ "China unveils Shenzhou-13 crew for six-month space station mission".

External links

  • "We want to fly higher for China: stories of Zhai Zhigang". PLA Daily. 22 October 2003. Archived from the original on 2 March 2006.
  • Zhai Zhigang at the Encyclopedia Astronautica. Accessed 22 July 2005.
  • Spacefacts biography of Zhai Zhigang