Zhejiang University

Summary

Zhejiang University
浙江大学
Zhejiang University Logo.svg
Motto求是创新[1]
Motto in English
Seeking Truth and Pursuing Innovation[2]
TypePublic
Established1897; 124 years ago (1897)
PresidentWu Zhaohui
Party SecretaryRen Shaobo
Academic staff
4191
Students60,739[3]
Undergraduates29,209
Postgraduates31,531
Location,
30°15′49″N 120°07′15″E / 30.26361°N 120.12083°E / 30.26361; 120.12083Coordinates: 30°15′49″N 120°07′15″E / 30.26361°N 120.12083°E / 30.26361; 120.12083
Campus622 hectares (1,540 acres)
Academic termSemester
Colors  Blue
  Red
AffiliationsC9, APRU, WUN, IAU, GUNi, YDUA BRICS Universities League
MascotQiushi Eagle 求是鹰[4]
Website(in Chinese)
zju.edu.cn
(in English)
zju.edu.cn/english
Zhejiang University Logotype.svg
Zhejiang University
Simplified Chinese浙江大学
Traditional Chinese浙江大學

Zhejiang University (ZJU; Chinese: 浙江大学; pinyin: Zhèjiāng Dàxué), informally known as Zheda (Chinese: 浙大; pinyin: Zhèdà), is a public research university, and a member of the elite C9 League. It is located in Hangzhou, the capital of Zhejiang Province.[5] Founded in 1897, Zhejiang University is one of China's oldest, most selective, and most prestigious institutions of higher education. The university is organized into 7 faculties, 37 colleges, schools, and departments offering more than 140 undergraduate and 300 graduate programs. [6]

The university is also a Chinese Ministry of Education Class A Double First Class University[7] and is an active member of the Yangtze Delta Universities Alliance, the Association of Pacific Rim Universities, the Worldwide Universities Network, the International Association of Universities, and the Global University Network for Innovation.

Among the faculty of over 4,000 are 52 members from the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 15 Distinguished Professors of Humanites (文科资深教授), 101 Chang Jiang Scholars, and 154 recipients of the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars.[8]

Zhejiang University has 6 academic libraries. The library collection in its entirety contains more than 7.9 million volumes,[9] making it one of China's largest academic collections.[10] The university also includes 7 affiliated hospitals, 1 museum, 2 international joint institutes, and boasts over 200 student organizations.[11]

As of 2021, ZJU is ranked 5th in Asia by the QS Asian University Rankings.[12] In recent years, it is ranked in the world's top 100 universities according to some of the most-widely cited university rankings in the world such as the Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), the Times Higher Education World University Rankings (THE) and the QS World University Rankings (QS).[13][14][15] Regarding research output, the Nature Index 2020 ranks the university 6th in China, 7th in the Asia-Pacific and 18th in the world among the global academic universities.[16]

History

Lin Qi, the founder of ZJU

Qing Dynasty

In 1897, then-mayor of Hangzhou, Lin Qi [zh] (traditional Chinese: 林啓; simplified Chinese: 林启; pinyin: Lín Qǐ; Wade–Giles: Lin Ch'i) established the "Qiushi Academy/Ch'iu Shih Academy" (求是書院; 求是书院; Qiúshì Shūyuàn; Ch'iu-shih-shu-yüan).[17] Lin studied the Western higher education system and applied it to the Qiushi Academy. The Ch'iu-shih Academy was renamed to Chekiang College (浙江大學堂; 浙江大学堂; Zhèjiāng Dàxuétáng) in 1902, and to Chekiang Higher Institutes in 1903.

A second institution that factored into the early history of Zhejiang University was Yuying Xuetang (Yuying School or Yuying College), established in 1902. This was renamed to Yuying Yishu (Yuying Public School), and then to Yuying Academy. In 1911, Yuying Academy became Zhijiang Xuetang (Zhijiang College) and moved to Qinwang Hill (Chinese: 秦望山), outside of Hangzhou.

1912–1937

In 1912, Zhejiang Medical School was established, later developing into Zhejiang Provincial Medical College and becoming part of Zhejiang University.

In 1927, some schools and colleges (e.g. industrial and agricultural colleges/schools) were merged into the Qiushi Academy. Then the name of the enlarged school was changed to "National Third Sun Zhongshan University" (or, National Third Sun Yat-sen University), after Sun Yat-sen. On April 1, 1928, it was renamed "Che Kiang University" (now Zhejiang University from the pinyin name), and in the same year, "National" was added and it became "National Che Kiang University" (國立浙江大學; 国立浙江大学; Guólì Zhèjiāng Dàxué).

War period, 1937–1949

Scientists working at ZJU during the war

In the latter half of 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, and due to the invading Imperial Japanese Army, the university evacuated from Hangzhou to Guizhou until 1946, after the war ended.

Reputed as "Cambridge of the East" by Joseph Needham (twice visited ZJU in 1944) in China's modern history of higher education, National Che Kiang University's was consistently ranked as among top 3 in the nation during that time.

During this period, the National Che Kiang University was praised as one of the Four most Prominent Universities in the Republic of China (民國四大名校), along with National Central University, National Southwestern Associated University, and National Wuhan University.

1952–1998

Zhejiang University was split up into a number of single-discipline colleges during the 1952 readjustment of China's Tertiary Education System. Its schools of arts and sciences either went to former Hangzhou University or joined with Fudan University. Its medical and pharmaceutical schools formed Zhejiang Medical University. Its agricultural and horticultural schools went to establish Zhejiang Agricultural University.

1952~1953, Its chemical engineering departments, and some the other technological parts went to former Hangzhou Chemical Engineering School (now Zhejiang University of Technology, ZJUT). And the dean Li Shouheng, who was one of the main founders of China's modern chemical engineering, was pointed to be the first president of ZJUT.

After 1998

In 1998, with the approval of the State Council, the new Zhejiang University was established as a combination of four major universities that had grown up in Hangzhou over the previous half-century, namely Zhejiang University, Hangzhou University, Zhejiang Agricultural University and Zhejiang Medical University.

On September 21, 2006, Chinese billionaires Duan Yongping (Zhejiang University alumnus) and Ding Lei (Zhejiang native) donated together a one-time endowment of 40 million US dollars to Zhejiang University. US$30 million was from Duan with 10 million from Ding. It was the largest private one-off endowment to a university in Mainland China.[18] A ceremony was held at the newly founded Zijingang Campus to receive the donation.[19]

Academics

School of Medicine

Zhejiang University is a comprehensive research university. Research at Zhejiang University spans 12 academic disciplines: agriculture, art, economics, education, engineering, history, law, literature, management, medicine, natural sciences, and philosophy. In the Essential Science Indicator (ESI) rankings of 22 disciplines, Zhejiang University ranks among the top 1% in 15 disciplines and is listed in the top 100 of the world's academic institutions in 4 disciplines.

Crescent Building

With seven campuses, namely Zijingang, Yuquan, Xixi, Huajiachi, Zhijiang, Zhoushan, and the Haining International campus, Zhejiang University encompasses an area of 6.22 square kilometers with school buildings covering 3.67 million square meters of floor space. The university library holds a collection of more than 7.9 million volumes. Library of Ancient Books with 180,000 volumes of ancient Chinese books officially opened in May, 2021. In addition, Zhejiang University has 7 high-level affiliated hospitals.

In 2018, research funding at Zhejiang University amounted to more than 4.56 billion RMB (~US$680 million). More than a hundred projects under research have each secured a grant of more than 10 million RMB. In 2019, 2,853 Chinese patents were issued to ZJU researchers and 8,230 SCI-included papers were published by ZJU scholars.[20]

Faculty

Among its approximate 4,191 standing faculty [21] members, more than 1,893 faculty members hold the title of professor. The faculty includes: 26 members of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, 27 members of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, 164 Chang Jiang (Yangtze River) Award winners, and 154 recipients of the awards from the National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars. Zhejiang University also has prominent foreign faculty members.

Student body

In 2020, there were a total of 60,739 full-time students enrolled at Zhejiang University, including 29,209 undergraduates, 18,046 master's candidates and 13,485 doctoral candidates. In 2020, there were 5,596 international students studying at Zhejiang University.

Rankings

Zhejiang University is consistently ranked among China's top universities.[22][23] In 2020, it is ranked 38th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings.[24] Regarding research output, the Nature Index 2020 ranks the university 6th in China, 7th in the Asia-Pacific and 18th in the world among the global academic universities.[16]

List of Colleges, Schools and Departments[25]

Faculty of Arts and Humanities School of Humanities

School of International Studies

College of Media and International Culture

School of Art and Archaeology

Faculty of Social Sciences School of Economics

Guanghua Law School

College of Education

School of Management

School of Public Affairs

School of Marxism

Faculty of Science School of Mathematical Sciences

Department of Physics

Department of Chemistry

School of Earth Sciences

Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

Faculty of Engineering School of Mechanical Engineering

School of Material Science and Engineering

College of Energy Engineering

College of Electrical Engineering

College of Civil Engineering and Architecture

College of Chemical and Biological Engineering

Ocean College

School of Aeronautics and Astronautics

Department of Polymer Science and Engineering

Faculty of Information College of Optical Science and Engineering

College of Information Science and Electronic Engineering

College of Control Science and Engineering

College of Computer Science and Technology

School of Software Technology

College of Biomedical Engineering and Instrument Science

Faculty of Agriculture, Life and Environment College of Life Sciences

College of Biosystem Engineering and Food Science

College of Environmental and Resource Sciences

College of Agriculture and Biotechnology

College of Animal Sciences

Faculty of Medicine School of Medicine

College of Pharmaceutical Sciences

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World[26]52 (2021)
QS World[27]45 (2022)
QS Employability[28]35 (2020)
THE World[29]75 (2022)
THE Reputation[30]50 (2021)
Regional – Overall
QS Asia[31]5 (2021)
QS BRICS[32]5 (2019)
THE Asia[33]12 (2021)
THE Emerging Economies[34]3 (2020)
National – Overall
BCUR National[35]3 (2019)
CUAA National[36]4 (2020)
Wu Shulian National[37]3 (2020)

Campuses

Zijingang Campus
Severance Hall at the Zhijiang Campus
Zhijiang Campus
Zhijiang Campus
Zhijiang Campus

Zhejiang University has seven campuses:

Zijingang Campus

Zijingang campus (simplified Chinese: 紫金港校区; traditional Chinese: 紫金港校區) serves as the main campus of Zhejiang University and is located in the northwest of Hangzhou. Zijingang Campus boasts a large assortment of academic departments and schools, including School of Humanities, College of Media and International Culture, School of International Studies, School of Art and Archaeology, School of Economics, College of Education, College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, School of Medicine, College of Chemical and Biomedical Engineering, College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, College of Animal Sciences, College of Life Sciences, College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, School of Management, and School of Public Affairs etc.

Yuquan Campus

Yuquan campus (simplified Chinese: 玉泉校区; traditional Chinese: 玉泉校區) is the campus of engineering, computer science, and the physical sciences. Most students at the Yuquan campus are graduate students within these academic disciplines. The Yuquan campus was the main campus of Zhejiang University until the Zijingang campus was built in 2002.

Xixi Campus

Xixi campus (simplified Chinese: 西溪校区; traditional Chinese: 西溪校區) was previously Hangzhou University before merging with Zhejiang University in 1998. The campus hosts Department of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, School of Art and Archaeology, and Zhejiang University Press.

Haining International Campus

Haining International Campus (simplified Chinese: 海宁国际校区; traditional Chinese: 海寧國際校區) is located in the Zhejiang city of Haining.[38] Clusters of international cooperative partners and institutions reside at this campus, which opened in 2016 as part of Zhejiang University.

Huajiachi Campus

The Huajiachi campus (simplified Chinese: 华家池校区; traditional Chinese: 華家池校區) was previously Zhejiang Agricultural University before merging with Zhejiang University and served as the old Huajiachi Campus for the "National Che Kiang University". The Huajiachi campus is Zhejiang University's oldest campus. It currently hosts the School of Long-Distance Education.

Zhijiang Campus

The Zhijiang campus (simplified Chinese: 之江校区; traditional Chinese: 之江校區) is home to Zhejiang University's Guanghua Law School. Before being acquired by Zhejiang University in 1952, the Zhijiang campus served as the main campus of Zhijiang University.

Zhoushan Campus

Zhoushan campus (simplified Chinese: 舟山校区; traditional Chinese: 舟山校區) is a relatively new campus that opened in 2015 and serves as the campus for the Ocean College. It is located in Zhoushan. [39]

Organizations

Under the direct administration of China's Ministry of Education, the new Zhejiang University is a key comprehensive university whose fields of study cover eleven branches of learning, namely philosophy, literature, history, education, science, economics, law, management, engineering, agriculture, and medicine.[40] The university now has 110 specialties for undergraduate studies, and it is entitled to confer master's degrees in 264 programs and doctoral degrees in 181 programs. It has set up 24 national key specialties and 39 post-doctoral stations.

Affiliated hospitals

Zhejiang University has seven affiliated hospitals, including

People

Notable alumni

See List of Zhejiang University alumni

Notable faculty

See also

References

  1. ^ 校训. Archived from the original on December 25, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  2. ^ "Introduction to Zhejiang University". Archived from the original on December 25, 2016. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
  3. ^ "学校概况" 学校概况 - 浙江大学 [University overview - Zhejiang University]. Zhejiang University. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  4. ^ "Zhejiang University Logo and Mascot". Zhejiang University. Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  5. ^ "Best universities in China 2018". Times Higher Education. September 6, 2017.
  6. ^ ""Study at Zhejiang University"".
  7. ^ 教育部 财政部 国家发展改革委 关于公布世界一流大学和一流学科建设高校及建设 学科名单的通知 [Notice from the Ministry of Education and other national governmental departments announcing the list of double first class universities and disciplines]. Ministry of Education.
  8. ^ 浙江大学--学校概况 [Overview of Zhejiang University].
  9. ^ 搜狐网 – 高校门户网 – 浙江大学. Sohu Education. Archived from the original on May 11, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2008.
  10. ^ Libraries in China
  11. ^ ""Zhejiang University Facts and Figures"".
  12. ^ "QS Asia World University Rankings". Top Universities. Retrieved September 19, 2021.
  13. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2021".
  14. ^ "World University Rankings 2021". Times Higher Education. August 25, 2020.
  15. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2020". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy.
  16. ^ a b "2020 tables: Institutions - academic | 2020 tables | Institutions - academic | Nature Index". www.natureindex.com. Retrieved February 27, 2021.
  17. ^ a b "History of Zhejiang University". Zhejiang University. Archived from the original on October 18, 2012. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
  18. ^ 网易新闻中心:段永平、丁磊4000万美元捐赠浙江大学 [Duan Yongping and Ding Lei donates 40 million US dollar to Zhejiang University]. 163.com news. September 21, 2006.
  19. ^ "Mr. Yongping Duan and Mr. Lei Ding Donated 40 Million US Dollars". August 16, 2007. Archived from the original on August 16, 2007. Retrieved November 25, 2018.
  20. ^ "Facts and Figures of Zhejiang University". Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  21. ^ "Facts and Figures of Zhejiang University". Retrieved August 23, 2019.
  22. ^ Wu, Shulian. "Top 10 Chinese universities in overall strength". China.org.
  23. ^ 2018, Scimetrica, www.scimetrica.com - ©. "Zhejiang University, China - Institutions - Universityrankings.ch". www.universityrankings.ch. Retrieved November 25, 2018.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  24. ^ "SCImago Institutions Rankings - Higher Education - All Regions and Countries - 2029 - Overall Rank". www.scimagoir.com.
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  26. ^ "ShanghaiRanking's Academic Ranking of World Universities". www.shanghairanking.com.
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  28. ^ "Ger 2020".
  29. ^ "THE World University Rankings 2022". September 2, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
  30. ^ "THE Reputation World University Rankings 2021". October 27, 2021. Retrieved October 27, 2021.
  31. ^ "QS University Rankings: Asia 2021". Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  32. ^ "Zhejiang University". Top Universities.
  33. ^ "THE Asia University Rankings 2021". May 18, 2021. Retrieved June 5, 2021.
  34. ^ "THE Emerging University Rankings 2020". January 22, 2020. Retrieved November 27, 2020.
  35. ^ "Best Chinese Universities Ranking • Overall Ranking - 2019". Missing or empty |url= (help)
  36. ^ "First Class Universities in China Ranking - 2020". Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  37. ^ "Chinese Universities Ranking Wushulianl Wushulian Ranking - 2020". Retrieved March 5, 2019.
  38. ^ "Faculty and Staff Moved to Haining Campus | International Campus Zhejiang University". www.intl.zju.edu.cn. Retrieved October 12, 2016.
  39. ^ "海洋学院英文网". oc.zju.edu.cn. Retrieved September 21, 2021.
  40. ^ "Zhejiang University". CUCAS. Retrieved August 24, 2015.
  41. ^ "Home_Women's Hospital School Of Medicine Zhejiang University". zju.womanhospital.cn. Retrieved September 19, 2021.

External links

  • Zhejiang University Home Page (in English)