Zond 8
Zond L1 drawing.png
Zond 8
NamesSoyuz 7K-L1 s/n 14
Mission typeSpacecraft test
OperatorSoviet Union
COSPAR ID1970-088A
SATCAT no.4591
Mission duration7 days (day of launch to day of landing)
Spacecraft properties
BusSoyuz 7K-L1
Launch mass5,375 kilograms (11,850 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateOctober 20, 1970 [1]
Launch siteBaikonur Cosmodrome
End of mission
Recovered bySoviet recovery vessel Taman
Landing dateOctober 27, 1970
Landing site730 kilometres (450 mi) SE of the Chagos Archipelago
Flyby of Moon
Closest approachOctober 24, 1970
Distance1,110.4 km (690.0 mi)

Zond 8, a formal member of the Soviet Zond program and unmanned version of Soyuz 7K-L1 manned Moon-flyby spacecraft, was launched from an Earth orbiting platform, Tyazheliy Sputnik (1970-088B), towards the Moon.

The announced objectives of Zond 8 were investigations of the Moon and circumlunar space and testing of onboard systems and units. The spacecraft obtained photographs of Earth on 21 October from a distance of 64,480 km. The spacecraft transmitted flight images of Earth for three days. Zond 8 flew past the Moon on October 24, 1970, at a distance of 1110.4 km and obtained both black-and-white and color photographs of the lunar surface. Scientific measurements were also obtained during the flight.

Zond 8 reentered the Earth's atmosphere and splashed down 730 km SE of the Chagos Archipelago, in the Indian Ocean on 27 October 1970, 24 km from the USSR recovery ship Taman.[2][3]

See also


  1. ^ http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/nmc/masterCatalog.do?sc=1970-088A
  2. ^ Brian Harvey (2007). Soviet and Russian Lunar Exploration. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-387-73976-2.
  3. ^ "Zond 8, Landing Point" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, NASA Solar System Exploration - Zond 8, Splashdown area.

External links

  • Soviet Lunar Images
  • Astronautix.com - detailed on Soyuz 7K-L1 (Zond) program
  • NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: The Moon from Zond 8 (16 July 2013)

This article was originally based on material from NASA (NSSDC) information on Zond 8