Zond 8
Zond L1 drawing.png
Zond 8
NamesSoyuz 7K-L1 s/n 14
Mission typeSpacecraft test
OperatorSoviet Union
COSPAR ID1970-088A
SATCAT no.4591
Mission duration7 days (day of launch to day of landing)
Spacecraft properties
BusSoyuz 7K-L1
ManufacturerOKB-1
Launch mass5,375 kilograms (11,850 lb)
Start of mission
Launch dateOctober 20, 1970, 19:55:39 UT[1]
RocketProton-K/D
Launch siteBaikonur Cosmodrome
End of mission
Recovered bySoviet recovery vessel Taman
Landing dateSplashdown October 27, 1970, 13:55 UT[2]
Landing site730 kilometres (450 mi) SE of the Chagos Archipelago
Flyby of Moon
Closest approachOctober 24, 1970
Distance1,110.4 km (690.0 mi)
 

Zond 8, a formal member of the Soviet Zond program and unmanned version of Soyuz 7K-L1 manned Moon-flyby spacecraft, was launched from an Earth orbiting platform, Tyazheliy Sputnik (1970-088B), towards the Moon.

The announced objectives of Zond 8 were investigations of the Moon and circumlunar space and testing of onboard systems and units. The spacecraft obtained photographs of Earth on 21 October from a distance of 64,480 km. The spacecraft transmitted flight images of Earth for three days. Zond 8 flew past the Moon on October 24, 1970, at a distance of 1110.4 km and obtained both black-and-white and color photographs of the lunar surface. Scientific measurements were also obtained during the flight.

Zond 8 reentered the Earth's atmosphere and splashed down 730 km SE of the Chagos Archipelago, in the Indian Ocean on 27 October 1970, 24 km from the USSR recovery ship Taman.[3][4]

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/beyond-earth-tagged.pdf
  2. ^ https://www.nasa.gov/sites/default/files/atoms/files/beyond-earth-tagged.pdf
  3. ^ Brian Harvey (2007). Soviet and Russian Lunar Exploration. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 218. ISBN 978-0-387-73976-2.
  4. ^ "Zond 8, Landing Point" Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, NASA Solar System Exploration - Zond 8, Splashdown area.

External links

  • Soviet Lunar Images
  • Astronautix.com - detailed on Soyuz 7K-L1 (Zond) program
  • NASA Astronomy Picture of the Day: The Moon from Zond 8 (16 July 2013)

This article was originally based on material from NASA (NSSDC) information on Zond 8