1798 and 1799 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1796 / 1797 April 24, 1798 – August 1, 1799 1800 / 1801 →

All 106 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives
54 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  TheodoreSedgwick.jpg NC-Congress-NathanielMacon.jpg
Leader Theodore Sedgwick Nathaniel Macon
Party Federalist Democratic-Republican
Leader's seat Massachusetts 1st North Carolina 5th
Last election 57 seats 49 seats
Seats won 60 46
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 3

6thHouse.svg
     Federalists
     Even split
     Democratic-Republicans

Speaker before election

Jonathan Dayton
Federalist

Elected Speaker

Theodore Sedgwick
Federalist

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 6th Congress took place in 1798 and 1799, the earliest in New York in April 1798, and the latest in Tennessee in August 1799, after the official start of the 6th Congress on March 4, 1799, but before the start of the first session of this Congress in Philadelphia on December 2, 1799.[1] It was the last congressional session before the move to the new capital at Washington, D.C..

President John Adams, a Federalist elected two years prior in the election of 1796, remained popular during a time of national economic growth,[citation needed] and the Federalists made a modest gain of three seats at the expense of the opposition Democratic-Republicans, the party of Vice President and future President Thomas Jefferson. This resulted in an increased Federalist majority in the House, 60-46 seats.

The Federalist party squandered its popularity by passing a series of controversial new laws in the summer of 1798, including the Naturalization Act of 1798 and the Alien and Sedition Acts. Their passage seriously injured the chances of President Adams and Federalist congressional candidates in the elections of 1800.

The House that met during this Congress would ultimately elect Thomas Jefferson over Aaron Burr in the presidential election of 1800.

Election summaries

60 46
Federalist Democratic-Republican
State Type Date ↑ Total
seats
Federalist Democratic-
Republican
Seats Change Seats Change
New York Districts April 24–26, 1798 10 4 Decrease2 6 Increase2
New Hampshire At-large August 2, 1798 4 4 Steady 0 Steady
North Carolina Districts August 10, 1798 10 4 Increase3 6 Decrease3
Connecticut At-large September 7, 1798 7 7 Steady 0 Steady
Maryland Districts October 1, 1798 8 5 Decrease1 3 Increase1
Rhode Island At-large August 28, 1798 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Vermont Districts September 4, 1798[a] 2 1 Steady 1 Steady
Delaware At-large October 2, 1798 1 1 Steady 0 Steady
Georgia At-large October 8, 1798 2 2 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Pennsylvania Districts October 9, 1798 13 5 Decrease1 8 Increase1
New Jersey District October 10, 1798 5 2 Decrease3 3 Increase3
South Carolina Districts October 12, 1798 6 5 Increase2 1 Decrease2
Massachusetts Districts November 5, 1798[b] 14 12 Increase1 2 Decrease1
Late general elections (After the March 4, 1799 beginning of the next Congress)
Virginia Districts April 24, 1799 19 6 Increase2 13 Decrease2
Kentucky Districts May 7, 1799 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Tennessee At-large August 1, 1799 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Total 106 60
56.6%
Increase3 46
43.4%
Decrease3
House seats
Federalist
56.60%
Democratic-Republican
43.40%

Special elections

There were special elections in 1798 and 1799 during the 5th United States Congress and 6th United States Congress.

Elections are sorted here by date then district.

5th Congress

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Representative Party First elected
Pennsylvania 4 Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist 1794 Incumbent resigned sometime in 1798.
New member elected October 9, 1798.[2]
Democratic-Republican gain.
New member seated December 4, 1798.
New member also elected to the next term, on the same day, see below.
Robert Brown (Democratic-Republican) 62.1%
Jacob Everly (Federalist) 37.9%[3]
North Carolina 10 Nathan Bryan Democratic-Republican 1795 Incumbent died June 4, 1798.
New member elected August 2, 1798.[2]
Democratic-Republican hold.
New member seated December 10, 1798.
New member also elected to the next term, one week later, see below.
Richard Spaight (Democratic-Republican) 51.2%
Thomas Badger (Federalist) 48.8%[4]
Pennsylvania 1 John Swanwick Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent died July 31, 1798.
New member elected October 9, 1798.[2]
Federalist gain.
New member seated December 3, 1798.
New member also elected to the next term, on the same day, see below.
Robert Waln (Federalist) 69.5%
Samuel Miles (Democratic-Republican) 30.5%[3]
Connecticut at-large Joshua Coit Federalist 1792 Incumbent died September 5, 1798.
New member elected October 22, 1798.[2]
Democratic-Republican hold.
New member seated December 3, 1798.
New member had already been elected to the next term, see below.
Jonathan Brace (Federalist)
[Data unknown/missing.]
Virginia 9 William Giles Democratic-Republican 1790 (Special) Incumbent resigned October 2, 1798.
New member elected November 1, 1798.[2]
Democratic-Republican hold.
New member seated December 3, 1798.
New member would later be elected to the next term, see below.
Joseph Eggleston (Democratic-Republican)
Alexander Jones
"Eggleston "was elected by a majority of more than two to one…"[5]
Maryland 7 Joshua Seney Democratic-Republican 1789
1792 (Resigned)
1798
Representative-elect died October 20, 1798.
New member elected November 29, 1798.
Democratic-Republican hold.
New member seated with the new Congress.
Joseph H. Nicholson (Democratic-Republican) 51.4%
John Goldsborough (Federalist) 48.6%[6]

6th Congress

District Incumbent Results Candidates
Representative Party First elected
New York 1 Jonathan Havens Democratic-Republican 1794 Incumbent died October 25, 1799.
New member elected December 27, 1799.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner seated February 27, 1800.
John Smith (Democratic-Republican) 56.20%
Silas Wood (Federalist) 38.59%
Gozen Ryerss (Federalist) 5.20%[7]

Connecticut

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[c]
Connecticut at-large
7 seats on a general ticket
William Edmond Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. John Allen (Federalist) 13.4%
Chauncey Goodrich (Federalist) 12.5%
Samuel W. Dana (Federalist) 12.4%
William Edmond (Federalist) 11.8%
Roger Griswold (Federalist) 11.5%
Jonathan Brace (Federalist) 8.4%
John Davenport (Federalist) 7.0%
Elizur Goodrich (Federalist) 4.1%
Timothy Pitkin (Federalist) 3.7%
Benjamin Tallmadge (Federalist) 3.5%
John C. Smith (Federalist) 3.5%
Elias Perkins (Federalist) 3.2%
Calvin Goddard (Federalist) 2.2%
Simeon Baldwin (Federalist) 1.6%
Chauncey Goodrich Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected.
Joshua Coit Federalist 1792 Incumbent died September 5, 1798.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Roger Griswold Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected.
Nathaniel Smith Federalist 1795 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Allen Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected, but declined to serve.
Samuel W. Dana Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.

Delaware

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Delaware at-large James A. Bayard Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. James A. Bayard (Federalist) 61.2%
Archibald Alexander (Democratic-Republican) 38.8%

Georgia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Georgia at-large
2 seats on a general ticket
Abraham Baldwin Democratic-
Republican
1789 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Winner died January 11, 1801 and seat remained vacant throughout the next Congress.
James Jones (Federalist) 36.9%
Benjamin Taliaferro (Federalist) 33.4%
Abraham Baldwin (Democratic-Republican) 28.3%

John Milledge (Democratic-Republican) had declined to run for re-election. As a result, many Democratic-Republican voters cast their votes for Baldwin and one of the Federalists, giving the Federalists enough votes to win both seats. Milledge nevertheless received 1.68% of the vote.
John Milledge Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.

Kentucky

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Kentucky 1
"Southern district"
Thomas T. Davis Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas T. Davis (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Kentucky 2
"Northern district"
John Fowler Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Fowler (Democratic-Republican) 55.3%
Robert Johnston 25.5%
Philemon Thomas 19.2%

Maryland

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Maryland 1 George Dent Federalist 1792 Incumbent re-elected. George Dent (Federalist) 54.5%
John Campbell (Federalist) 45.5%
Maryland 2 Richard Sprigg, Jr. Democratic-
Republican
1796 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John C. Thomas (Federalist) 61.6%
Richard Sprigg, Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 38.4%
Maryland 3 William Craik Federalist 1796 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. William Craik (Federalist) 100%
Maryland 4 George Baer, Jr. Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. George Baer, Jr. (Federalist) 54.9%
Daniel Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 45.1%
Maryland 5 Samuel Smith Democratic-
Republican
1792 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 57.7%
James Winchester (Federalist) 42.3%
Maryland 6 William Matthews Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Gabriel Christie (Democratic-Republican) 56.2%
Philip Thomas (Federalist) 43.8%
Maryland 7 William Hindman Federalist 1792 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New member died October 20, 1798 before the new Congress, causing a special election, see above.
Joshua Seney (Democratic-Republican) 55.6%
William Hindman (Federalist) 44.4%
Maryland 8 John Dennis Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Dennis (Federalist) Unopposed

Massachusetts

Massachusetts required a majority for election. This was not met in the 5th district and 7th district necessitating additional ballots in those districts.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Massachusetts 1
"1st Western District"
Thomson J. Skinner Democratic-
Republican
1796 (Special) Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Theodore Sedgwick (Federalist) 80.2%
Thomas Ives (Democratic-Republican) 19.8%
Massachusetts 2
"2nd Western District"
William Shepard Federalist 1797 Incumbent re-elected. William Shepard (Federalist) 89.9%
John Williams (Democratic-Republican) 10.1%
Massachusetts 3
"3rd Western District"
Samuel Lyman Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Lyman (Federalist) 88.4%
Daniel Bigelow 6.4%
Scattering 5.2%
Massachusetts 4
"4th Western District"
Dwight Foster Federalist 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Dwight Foster (Federalist) 80.8%
Levi Lincoln Sr. (Democratic-Republican) 19.2%
Massachusetts 5
"1st Southern District"
Nathaniel Freeman Jr. Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
First ballot (November 5, 1798):
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 32.5%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 30.4%
Beriah Norton (Federalist) 17.4%
Jonathan Moore (Federalist) 13.4%
Scattering 6.3%

Second ballot (January 17, 1799):
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 33.5%
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 30.1%
Sam Savage 27.1%
Beriah Norton (Federalist) 9.3%

Third ballot (April 1, 1799):
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 36.5%
Sam Savage 33.9%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 29.5%

Fourth ballot (June 6, 1799):
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 46.6%
Sam Savage 27.2%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 26.2%

Fifth ballot (August 29, 1799):
Lemuel Williams (Federalist) 74.8%
Macajah Coffin (Democratic-Republican) 25.2%
Massachusetts 6
"2nd Southern District"
John Reed Sr. Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. John Reed Sr. (Federalist) 58.0%
John Dwight 26.9%
Daniel Snow 15.1%
Massachusetts 7
"3rd Southern District"
Stephen Bullock Federalist 1797 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
First ballot (November 5, 1798):
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 26.9%
Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 25.7%
Josiah Dean 23.6%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 11.8%
Scattering 12.1%

Second ballot (January 17, 1799):
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 33.3%
Josiah Dean 25.5%
Laban Wheaton (Federalist) 22.4%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 18.9%

Third ballot (April 1, 1799):
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 48.1%
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 41.3%
Josiah Dean10.6%

Fourth ballot (June 6, 1799):
Phanuel Bishop (Democratic-Republican) 52.1%
Stephen Bullock (Federalist) 47.9%
Massachusetts 8
"1st Middle District"
Harrison Gray Otis Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Harrison Gray Otis (Federalist) 55.9%
William Heath (Democratic-Republican) 43.6%
William Eustis (Democratic-Republican) 0.6%
Massachusetts 9
"2nd Middle District"
Joseph Bradley Varnum Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Bradley Varnum (Democratic-Republican) 66.2%
Timothy Bigelow (Federalist) 33.8%
Massachusetts 10
"3rd Middle District"
Samuel Sewall Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel Sewall (Federalist) 70.3%
Loammi Baldwin (Federalist) 20.5%
Scattering 9.2%
Massachusetts 11
"4th Middle District"
Bailey Bartlett Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Bailey Bartlett (Federalist) 100%
Massachusetts 12
District of Maine
"1st Eastern District"
Isaac Parker Federalist 1797 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Silas Lee (Federalist) 64.4%
Henry Dearborn (Democratic-Republican) 35.6%
Massachusetts 13
District of Maine
"2nd Eastern District"
Peleg Wadsworth Federalist 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Peleg Wadsworth (Federalist) 73.5%
Charles Tainer 26.5%
Massachusetts 14
District of Maine
"3rd Eastern District"
George Thatcher Federalist 1788 Incumbent re-elected. George Thatcher (Federalist) 65.5%
John Fairchild (Democratic-Republican) 34.5%

New Hampshire

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Hampshire at-large
4 seats on a general ticket
Abiel Foster Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Abiel Foster (Federalist) 24.2%
William Gordon (Federalist) 21.6%
Jonathan Freeman (Federalist) 21.0%
Peleg Sprague (Federalist) 19.5%
Thomas Bellows (Federalist) 1.9%
John Prentice (Federalist) 1.8%
Timothy Walker (Federalist) 1.0%
William Plummer (Federalist) 0.8%
Joseph Dennie (Federalist) 0.7%
Woodbury Langdon (Democratic-Republican) 0.7%
John Goddard (Democratic-Republican) 0.6%
Oliver Peabody (Federalist) 0.6%
William Gardner (Democratic-Republican) 0.5%
Others 5.1%
William Gordon Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.
Jonathan Freeman Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected.
Peleg Sprague Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected, but declined to serve.
A special election was then held.

New Jersey

New Jersey switched to district representation for this election. The districts were not numbered at the time, but are retroactively numbered here as 1–5. New Jersey would go back to an at-large district the following election.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New Jersey 1
"Eastern district"
James Schureman
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Condit (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
James Schureman (Federalist) 47.5%
New Jersey 2
"Northern district"
Mark Thomson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1794 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Aaron Kitchell (Democratic-Republican) 72.5%
Mark Thomson (Federalist) 27.5%
New Jersey 3
"Western district"
Jonathan Dayton
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1791 Incumbent retired to run for U.S. Senator.
New member elected.Democratic-Republican gain.
James Linn (Democratic-Republican) 51.3%
Samuel R. Stewart (Federalist) 31.1%
Archibald Mercer (Federalist) 17.6%
New Jersey 4
"Middle district"
James H. Imlay
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Incumbent re-elected. James H. Imlay (Federalist) 81.0%
Thomas Henderson (Democratic-Republican) 19.0%
New Jersey 5
"Southern district"
Thomas Sinnickson
Redistricted from the at-large district
Federalist 1797 Unknown if incumbent lost re-election or retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Franklin Davenport (Federalist) 56.5%
Jonathan Elmer (Democratic-Republican) 43.5%

New York

Between the 1796 and 1798 elections, New York re-districted. This marked the first time that its districts were numbered.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
New York 1 Jonathan N. Havens Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Jonathan N. Havens (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
Richard Thorn (Federalist) 46.1%
New York 2 Edward Livingston Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Edward Livingston (Democratic-Republican) 52.7%
Phillip Livingston (Federalist) 47.3%
New York 3 Philip Van Courtlandt Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent re-elected. Philip Van Courtlandt (Democratic-Republican) 77.1%
Mordecai Hale (Federalist) 22.9%
New York 4 Lucas C. Elmendorf Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Lucas C. Elmendorf (Democratic-Republican) 64.8%
Jonathan Hasbrouck (Federalist) 34.1%
John Hathorn (Democratic-Republican) 1.1%
New York 5 David Brooks Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Theodorus Bailey (Democratic-Republican) 55.8%
David Brooks (Federalist) 44.2%
New York 6 Hezekiah L. Hosmer Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Bird (Federalist) 59.1%
Elisha Jenkins (Democratic-Republican) 40.9%
New York 7 John E. Van Alen Federalist 1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
John Thompson (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
John Williams (Federalist) 37.5%
Jellis A. Fonda (Federalist) 10.0%
John Williams
Redistricted from the 9th district
Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
New York 8 Henry Glen Federalist 1793 Incumbent re-elected. Henry Glen (Federalist) 100%
New York 9 None (District created) New seat.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Jonas Platt (Federalist) 51.2%
Peter Smith (Democratic-Republican) 48.8%
New York 10 James Cochran Federalist 1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
William Cooper (Federalist) 52.2%
Moss Kent (Democratic-Republican) 47.8%

North Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[c]
North Carolina 1 Joseph McDowell Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Joseph Dickson (Federalist) 55.1%
James Holland (Democratic-Republican) 44.8%
North Carolina 2 Matthew Locke Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Archibald Henderson (Federalist) 84.4%
Basil Gaither (Federalist) 9.5%
Matthew Locke (Democratic-Republican) 6.1%
North Carolina 3 Robert Williams Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Williams (Democratic-Republican) 69.8%
James Martin (Federalist) 30.2%
North Carolina 4 Richard Stanford Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Stanford (Democratic-Republican) 54.5%
Samuel Benton (Federalist) 45.5%
North Carolina 5 Nathaniel Macon Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent re-elected. Nathaniel Macon (Democratic-Republican)[d]
North Carolina 6 James Gillespie Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
William H. Hill (Federalist) 50.1%
James Gillespie (Democratic-Republican) 39.8%
Alexander D. Moore (Federalist) 10.1%
North Carolina 7 William B. Grove Federalist 1791 Incumbent re-elected. William B. Grove (Federalist) 100%
North Carolina 8 Dempsey Burges Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
David Stone (Democratic-Republican) 40.0%
Charles Johnson (Federalist) 30.9%
Dempsey Burges (Democratic-Republican) 29.1%
North Carolina 9 Thomas Blount Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Willis Alston (Democratic-Republican) 37.4%
Thomas Blount (Democratic-Republican) 29.1%
William Kennedy (Federalist) 24.6%
John Binford (Federalist) 8.9%
North Carolina 10 Nathan Bryan Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent died June 4, 1798.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Richard D. Spaight (Democratic-Republican) 66.7%
George E. Badger (Federalist) 32.3%

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[8]
Pennsylvania 1 John Swanwick Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent John Swanwick (Democratic-Republican) died August 1, 1798.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Winner was also elected to finish the current term, see above.
Robert Waln (Federalist) 69.5%
Samuel Miles (Democratic-Republican) 30.5%
Pennsylvania 2 Blair McClenachan Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Michael Leib (Democratic-Republican) 56.5%
Anthony Morris (Federalist) 43.5%
Pennsylvania 3 Richard Thomas Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Richard Thomas (Federalist) 71.3%
John Pearson (Democratic-Republican) 28.7%
Pennsylvania 4
Plural district with 2 seats
Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist 1794 Incumbent Samuel Sitgreaves (Federalist) resigned August 29, 1798.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Robert Brown (Democratic-Republican) 31.1%
Peter Muhlenberg (Democratic-Republican) 28.6%
John Chapman (Federalist) 20.9%
Jacob Eyerly (Federalist) 19.0%
Anthony Morris (Federalist) 0.5%
John Chapman Federalist 1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
Pennsylvania 5 Joseph Hiester Democratic-
Republican
1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Hiester (Democratic-Republican) 69.3%
Daniel Clymer (Federalist) 30.7%
Pennsylvania 6 John A. Hanna Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. John A. Hanna (Democratic-Republican) 66.3%
Daniel Smith (Federalist) 33.7%
Pennsylvania 7 John W. Kittera Federalist 1791 Incumbent re-elected. John W. Kittera (Federalist) 77.5%
William Barton (Democratic-Republican) 22.5%
Pennsylvania 8 Thomas Hartley Federalist 1788 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Hartley (Federalist) 85.4%
Henry Slagle (Federalist) 14.6%
Pennsylvania 9 Andrew Gregg Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent re-elected. Andrew Gregg (Democratic-Republican) 57.8%
James Armstrong (Federalist) 42.2%
Pennsylvania 10 David Bard Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Henry Woods (Federalist) 55.4%
Thomas Johnson (Federalist) 24.3%
David Bard (Democratic-Republican) 20.3%
Pennsylvania 11 William Findley Democratic-
Republican
1791 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Smilie (Democratic-Republican) 46.0%
William Todd (Federalist) 32.7%
James Guthrie (Federalist) 21.3%
Pennsylvania 12 Albert Gallatin Democratic-
Republican
1794 Incumbent re-elected. Albert Gallatin (Democratic-Republican) 58.8%
John Woods (Federalist) 41.2%

Rhode Island

Rhode Island used at-large districts, but elected the candidates on separate tickets instead of using a general ticket.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Rhode Island at-large
(Seat A)
Thomas Tillinghast Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
John Brown (Federalist) 65.4%
Thomas Tillinghast (Federalist) 34.6%
Rhode Island at-large
(Seat A)
Christopher G. Champlin Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. Christopher G. Champlin (Federalist) 97.5%
Others 2.5%

South Carolina

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
South Carolina 1
"Charleston district"
Thomas Pinckney Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Pinckney (Federalist) 100%
South Carolina 2
"Beaufort district"
John Rutledge, Jr. Federalist 1796 Incumbent re-elected. John Rutledge, Jr. (Federalist) 65.6%
Pierce Butler (Democratic-Republican) 34.4%
South Carolina 3
"Georgetown district"
Lemuel Benton Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Benjamin Huger (Federalist) 41.9%
Lemuel Benton (Democratic-Republican) 32.4%
Tristam Thomas (Federalist) 22.2%
William Thomas (Democratic-Republican) 2.0%
Joseph Blyth (Democratic-Republican) 1.6%
South Carolina 4
"Camden district"
Thomas Sumter Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Sumter (Democratic-Republican) 64.6%
Richard Winn (Federalist) 35.4%
South Carolina 5
"Ninety-Six district"
Robert Goodloe Harper Federalist 1794 Incumbent re-elected. Robert Goodloe Harper (Federalist) 65.3%
William Butler (Democratic-Republican) 34.7%
South Carolina 6
"Washington district"
William Smith Democratic-
Republican
1796 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Abraham Nott (Federalist) 43.8%
William Smith (Democratic-Republican) 43.2%
William Hill (Federalist) 13.0%

Tennessee

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates
Tennessee at-large William C. C. Claiborne Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. William C. C. Claiborne (Democratic-Republican)
Unopposed[9]

Vermont

Majority vote required to win, necessitating a run-off election in the 1st (Western) district.

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[c]
Vermont 1
"Western district"
Matthew Lyon Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. First ballot (September 4, 1798):

Second ballot (December 4, 1798):
  • Matthew Lyon (Democratic-Republican) 55.5%
  • Samuel Williams (Federalist) 37.9%
  • Israel Smith (Democratic-Republican) 6.6%
Vermont 2
"Eastern district"
Lewis R. Morris Federalist 1797 (Special) Incumbent re-elected.

Virginia

District Incumbent Party First
elected
Result Candidates[c]
Virginia 1 Daniel Morgan Federalist 1797 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist hold.
Robert Page (Federalist) 54.3%
John Smith (Democratic-Republican) 45.7%
Virginia 2 David Holmes Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. David Holmes (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Robert Porterfield (Federalist)
Virginia 3 James Machir Federalist 1797 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican gain.
George Jackson (Democratic-Republican) 53.9%
John Haymond (Federalist) 46.0%
Virginia 4 Abram Trigg Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. Abram Trigg (Democratic-Republican) 88.5%
William Preston (Federalist) 11.5%
Virginia 5 John J. Trigg Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. John J. Trigg (Democratic-Republican)[d]
George Hancock (Federalist)
Virginia 6 Matthew Clay Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. Matthew Clay (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Isaac Coles (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 7 Abraham B. Venable Democratic-
Republican
1790 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
John Randolph (Democratic-Republican) 40.5%
Powhatan Bolling (Democratic-Republican) 40.3%
Clement Carrington (Federalist) 19.2%
Virginia 8 Thomas Claiborne Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Samuel Goode (Democratic-Republican) 52.5%
Thomas Claiborne (Democratic-Republican) 47.5%
Virginia 9 Joseph Eggleston Democratic-
Republican
1798 (Special) Incumbent re-elected. Joseph Eggleston (Democratic-Republican) 63.4%
Alexander McRae (Federalist) 36.6%
Virginia 10 Carter B. Harrison Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Democratic-Republican hold.
Edwin Gray (Democratic-Republican)[d]
John Mason Jr. (Democratic-Republican)
Robert Booth (Democratic-Republican)
Benjamin Harrison (Democratic-Republican)
Wood Heath (Federalist)
Virginia 11 Josiah Parker Federalist 1789 Incumbent re-elected. Josiah Parker (Federalist) 56.2%
Thomas Newton Jr. (Democratic-Republican) 43.8%
Virginia 12 Thomas Evans Federalist 1797 Incumbent re-elected. Thomas Evans (Federalist) 62.3%
John Page (Democratic-Republican) 37.7%
Virginia 13 John Clopton Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
John Marshall (Federalist)[d]
John Clopton (Democratic-Republican)
Virginia 14 Samuel J. Cabell Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent re-elected. Samuel J. Cabell (Democratic-Republican) 83.6%
John Nicholas (Democratic-Republican) 16.4%
Virginia 15 John Dawson Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent re-elected. John Dawson (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Virginia 16 Anthony New Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent re-elected. Anthony New (Democratic-Republican)[d]
Benjamin Temple (Federalist)
Virginia 17 Richard Brent Democratic-
Republican
1795 Incumbent retired.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Leven Powell (Federalist) 63.8%
Roger West (Democratic-Republican) 36.4%
Virginia 18 John Nicholas Democratic-
Republican
1793 Incumbent re-elected. John Nicholas (Democratic-Republican)[d]
John Blackwell (Federalist)
Virginia 19 Walter Jones Democratic-
Republican
1797 Incumbent lost re-election.
New member elected.
Federalist gain.
Henry Lee (Federalist) 51.4%
Walter Jones (Democratic-Republican) 48.6%

See also

Notes

  1. ^ An additional trial was held in one district due to majority requirement not being on the first vote, and was held on December 4, 1798
  2. ^ Additional trials required in 2 districts due to majority requirement not being met on first vote, additional trials were held January 17, April 1, June 6, and August 29, 1799
  3. ^ a b c d Only candidates with at least 1% of the vote listed
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Source does not give numbers of votes or has incomplete data

References

  1. ^ "Sixth Congress (membership roster)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 6, 2014. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d e Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  3. ^ a b http://staffweb.wilkes.edu/harold.cox/rep/Congress%201796.pdf
  4. ^ "NC District 10 - Special Election". August 7, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  5. ^ https://elections.lib.tufts.edu/catalog/tufts:va.uscongress.9.special.1798
  6. ^ "MD District 7". April 3, 2006. Retrieved September 11, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  7. ^ "NY District 1". April 7, 2006. Retrieved August 16, 2018 – via OurCampaigns.com.
  8. ^ Wilkes University Elections Statistics Project
  9. ^ "TN-Initial District". January 15, 2011. Retrieved August 16, 2018 – via Our Campaigns.

Bibliography

  • "A New Nation Votes: American Election Returns 1787-1825". Tufts Digital Library, Tufts University. Retrieved January 17, 2015.
  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.

External links

  • Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)