1840 United States House of Representatives elections

← 1838 July 6, 1840 – November 2, 1841 1842 →

All 242 seats to the United States House of Representatives
122 seats were needed for majority
  Majority party Minority party
  John White.jpg JohnWinstonJones.jpg
Leader John White John Jones
Party Whig Democratic
Leader's seat Kentucky-9th Virginia-3rd
Last election 109 seats 125 seats
Seats won 142 99[Note 1]
Seat change Increase 33 Decrease 26

Speaker before election

Robert M. T. Hunter
Whig

Elected Speaker

John White
Whig

Elections to the United States House of Representatives for the 27th Congress were held at various dates in different states from July 1840 to November 1841.

In a Whig wave, voters gave the Whig Party a House majority for the first time. Most Americans experienced the Panic of 1837 as a severe economic downturn. Its perceived mishandling by Democratic President Martin Van Buren fueled new support for alternative economic policies favored by Whigs of which voters had previously been skeptical. Collapse of the Anti-Masonic Party in the late 1830s also drove some third-party incumbents into the Whig Party. Newly elected members included Robert M. T. Hunter, Independent of Virginia,[1] and Zadoc Casey, Independent Democrat of Illinois.[2]

Election summaries

142 1 1 98
Whig I ID Democratic
State Type Date Total
seats
Whig Democratic
Seats Change Seats Change
Louisiana District July 6–8, 1840 3 2 Decrease1 1 Increase1
Missouri At-large August 3, 1840 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Illinois District August 7, 1840 3 1 Steady 2[Note 1] Steady
Vermont District September 4, 1840 5 5 Increase2 0 Decrease2
Maine District September 14, 1840 8 4 Increase2 4 Decrease2
Arkansas At-large October 5, 1840 1 0 Steady 1 Steady
Georgia At-large October 6, 1840 9 9 Steady 0 Steady
South Carolina District October 12–13, 1840 9 1 Steady 8 Steady
Ohio District October 13, 1840 19 12 Increase4 7 Decrease4
Pennsylvania District (25[Note 2]) October 13, 1840 28 13 Increase8 15 Decrease2
New York District (33[Note 3]) November 2–4, 1840 40 19 Decrease2 21 Increase2
Connecticut District November 3, 1840 6 6 Steady 0 Steady
Michigan At-large November 3, 1840 1 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1
New Jersey At-large November 3, 1840 6 6 Increase5 0 Decrease5
Massachusetts District November 9, 1840 12 11 Increase1 1 Decrease1
Delaware At-large November 10, 1840 1 1 Increase1 0 Decrease1
1841 elections
New Hampshire At-large March 9, 1841 5 0 Steady 5 Steady
Rhode Island At-large April 21, 1841 2 2 Steady 0 Steady
Virginia[Note 4] District April 23, 1841 21[Note 4] 10 Increase3 10 Decrease2
Kentucky District April 26, 1841 13 11 Steady 2 Steady
Indiana District May 3, 1841 7 6 Increase4 1 Decrease4
Tennessee District May 6, 1841 13 8 Increase1 5 Decrease1
North Carolina District May 13, 1841 13 8 Increase3 5 Decrease3
Maryland District (7[Note 5]) May 17, 1841 8 6 Increase3 2 Decrease3
Alabama At-large[Note 6] May 20, 1841 5 0 Decrease2 5 Increase2
Mississippi At-large November 1–2, 1841 2 0 Steady 2 Steady
Total 242 142
59.5%
Increase33 99[Note 1]
40.9%
Decrease26
House seats
Whig
58.68%
Democratic
40.50%
Others
0.82%

The previous election had two minor parties, the Anti-Masonic Party with 6 seats and the Conservative Party (of Virginia) with 2 seats, both of which disappeared in this election.

The 1st session of the 27th Congress began May 31, 1841, before Mississippi had elected Representatives, leaving that State unrepresented until the 2nd session.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Including one Independent Democrat elected to IL-02.
  2. ^ Includes 3 plural districts
  3. ^ Includes 5 plural districts
  4. ^ a b Robert M. T. Hunter was elected as an Independent to VA-09, and so is not included in the figures here. Hunter had previously run in earlier elections as a Whig.
  5. ^ Includes 1 plural district
  6. ^ Changed from district

References

  1. ^ Dubin, p. 129; Martis, p. 98; Moore, p. 974.
  2. ^ Dubin, p. 128; Martis, p. 96.

Bibliography

  • Dubin, Michael J. (March 1, 1998). United States Congressional Elections, 1788-1997: The Official Results of the Elections of the 1st Through 105th Congresses. McFarland and Company. ISBN 978-0786402830.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (January 1, 1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, 1789-1989. Macmillan Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0029201701.
  • Moore, John L., ed. (1994). Congressional Quarterly's Guide to U.S. Elections (Third ed.). Congressional Quarterly Inc. ISBN 978-0871879967.
  • "Party Divisions of the House of Representatives* 1789–Present". Office of the Historian, House of United States House of Representatives. Retrieved January 21, 2015.

External links

  • Office of the Historian (Office of Art & Archives, Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives)