2019 United States elections
Off-year elections
Election dayNovember 5
House elections
Seats contested3 mid-term vacancies
Net seat change0
US House special elections 2019.png
Map of the 2019 House special elections
     Not yet held
Gubernatorial elections
Seats contested3
Net seat change0
Color coded map of the 2015 gubernatorial races
Map of the 2019 gubernatorial races
Light blue: Democratic incumbent
Light red: Republican incumbent
Dark red: Term-limited Republican
Gray: no election

The 2019 United States elections will be held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election includes the regular gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi. State legislative elections will also be held in Louisiana, Mississippi, Virginia, and in the New Jersey General Assembly (the lower house of the New Jersey legislature). Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections will also occur. Special elections to the United States Congress will take place because so far 3 vacancies arose.

Federal special elections

The following special elections will be held to replace members who resigned or died in the 116th U.S. Congress:

State elections

Partisan control of states prior to the 2019 elections.
  Democratic trifecta
  Republican trifecta
  Divided government
  Officially non-partisan legislature

The 2019 state elections will impact the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census, as many states task governors and state legislators with drawing new boundaries for state legislative and Congressional districts. Republicans will defend their "trifecta" (unified control of the governorship and the state legislature) in Kentucky and Mississippi, while Democrats will defend their trifecta in New Jersey. The other two states holding elections, Louisiana and Virginia, both have a divided government, meaning that each major party controls the governorship or at least one legislative chamber.


Three states will hold gubernatorial elections in 2019:


Legislative elections will be held for both houses of the Louisiana Legislature, the Mississippi Legislature, and the Virginia General Assembly and the lower house of the New Jersey Legislature.

Local elections

Mayoral elections

Incumbent mayors won reelection in major cities during 2019, including Fort Collins, Colorado (Wade Troxell[12]); Gainesville, Florida (Lauren Poe[13]); Jacksonville, Florida (Lenny Curry[14]); and Las Vegas, Nevada (Carolyn Goodman[15]).

Several large cities elected their first out LGTB+ mayors in 2019. In Chicago, Lori Lightfoot was elected as the city's first African-American female mayor and first lesbian mayor[16] in what was only the second-ever mayoral runoff election in the city's history.[17] In Tampa, Florida, Jane Castor also won a run-off election to become the first gay woman to lead a major Florida city.[18]

In Madison, Wisconsin, Satya Rhodes-Conway defeated longtime incumbent mayor Paul Soglin.[19] Open mayoral seats were won in Green Bay, Wisconsin (Eric Genrich[20]) and Newark, Delaware (Jerry Clifton[21]).

Other major cities holding mayoral elections in 2019 include:

Special elections

Other local elections and referenda

  • In the U.S. Virgin Islands, a ballot initiative to change how seats in the Legislature of the Virgin Islands are apportioned was defeated due to low voter turnout. A majority of voters approved of the reapportionment plan during the March 30, 2019, special election; however, only about 9 percent of registered voters participated in the election, and a majority of all registered voters was required for the initiative to pass.[40]
  • In a non-binding referendum, two-thirds of Georgetown University students voted to establish a semesterly fee to fund reparations for descendents of 272 enslaved people sold by the school in 1838.[41]
  • In Denver, citizen-initiated ordinances are on the ballot in May to effectively decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms for personal use and possession by adults[42] and overturn the city's ban on urban camping.[43]

Tables of partisan control results

These tables show the partisan results of the congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative races in 2019. Only the affected congressional districts and states in 2019 are shown. Governorships/legislatures in these affected states that are not up for election in 2019 are already filled in for the "after 2019 elections" section. Bold indicates a change in control.

House Congressional seats
  Before 2019 elections After 2019 elections
Seat Incumbent State delegation[44] Winner State delegation
North Carolina 3rd Rep Rep 9–3[a]    
North Carolina 9th Vacant[a]  
Pennsylvania 12th Rep Split 9–9    
State control results
  Before 2019 elections[44] After 2019 elections
State Governor State leg. Governor State leg.
Kentucky Rep Rep   Rep
Louisiana Dem Rep    
Mississippi Rep Rep    
New Jersey Dem Dem Dem  
Virginia Dem Rep Dem  
  1. ^ a b The seat for North Carolina's 9th congressional district is counted as vacant due to the voided 2018 election. It was previously held by a Republican.


  1. ^ Cioffi, Chris (January 17, 2019). "Rep Marino (R-PA) announces his plan to resign from Congress". MSN/Roll Call.
  2. ^ "Pennsylvania's 12th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  3. ^ Bolton, Alexander (February 10, 2019). "Rep. Walter Jones, GOP rebel and Iraq War critic, dies at age 76". The Hill. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  4. ^ "North Carolina's 3rd Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
  5. ^ Caldwell, Leigh Ann. "New election ordered in North Carolina House district after possible illegal activities". NBC News. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  6. ^ "North Carolina's 9th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  7. ^ "31 file for statewide office in Kentucky ahead of deadline". WHAS. Associated Press. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  8. ^ Alison Lundergan Grimes not running for Kentucky governor in 2019
  9. ^ Pathé, Simone (December 6, 2018). "Louisiana's Ralph Abraham Running for Governor". Roll Call. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  10. ^ "Sen. John Kennedy announced he's not running for Louisiana Governor". WAFB. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
  11. ^ "Hood, Reeves could headline 2019 governor's race". Mississippi Business Journal. Jackson, Mississippi. Associated Press. June 26, 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
  12. ^ Coltrain, Nick (April 2, 2019). "Wade Troxell wins third term as Fort Collins mayor in City Council election". Coloradan. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  13. ^ Berkowitz, Jacob. "Mayor Lauren Poe, Commissioner Adrian Hayes-Santos Celebrate Re-Election". WUFT. Gainesville, Florida. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  14. ^ Bauerlein, David (March 19, 2019). "Jacksonville Mayor Lenny Curry wins re-election outright". The Florida Times-Union. Jacksonville, Florida. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
  15. ^ Wilson, Miranda (April 2, 2019). "Carolyn Goodman wins her third and final term as Las Vegas mayor". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  16. ^ Ruthhard, Bill (April 3, 2019). "Lori Lightfoot elected Chicago mayor, making her the first African-American woman to lead the city". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  17. ^ Ruthhard, Bill (February 27, 2019). "Chicago poised to elect first African-American female mayor after Lori Lightfoot, Toni Preckwinkle advance". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  18. ^ Frago, Charlie (April 23, 2019). "Jane Castor wins big in Tampa mayor's race". Tampa Bay Times. Tampa Bay, Florida. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  19. ^ Brockman, Jon (April 2, 2019). "Rhodes-Conway triumphs in Madison's mayoral election". The Daily Cardinal. Madison, Wisconsin. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  20. ^ BeMiller, Hailey (April 2, 2019). "Eric Genrich defeats Patrick Buckley to become Green Bay's first new mayor in 16 years". Green Bay Press Gazette. Green Bay, Wisconsin. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  21. ^ Shannon, Josh; Schultz, Brooke (April 10, 2019). "Clifton elected mayor of Newark in landslide victory". Newark Post. Newark, Delaware. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
  22. ^ "Multi Year Election Schedule". Mecklenburg County Board of Elections. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  23. ^ Kalthoff, Ken (July 20, 2018). "First Candidate Launches 2019 Race for Dallas Mayor". KXAS-TV. Fort Worth, Texas. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  24. ^ Gray, Haley (March 5, 2019). "A Brief Introduction to Denver's 2019 Election". 5280: Denver's Mile High Magazine. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  25. ^ Scherer, Jasper (January 14, 2019). "Buzbee, King call for limits on donor influence at City Hall". The Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  26. ^ Abouhalkah, Yael T. (May 27, 2015). "Let's skip ahead and peek at Kansas City's 2019 mayoral race". The Kansas City Star. Kansas City, Missouri. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
  27. ^ Kite, Allison; Vockrodt, Steve; Marson, Andy (April 2, 2019). "Council members Justus, Lucas win Kansas City mayoral primary, will face off in June". The Kansas City Star. Kansas City, Missouri. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  28. ^ Hicks, Nancy (November 7, 2018). "Voters approve term limits; Mayor Beutler cannot run for re-election". Lincoln Journal Star. Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
  29. ^ Hicks, Nancy (April 9, 2019). "Two women, Gaylor Baird and Lamm, will face off in mayor's race". Lincoln Star Journal. Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
  30. ^ Broders, Brad (April 6, 2018). "Memphis Mayor Jim Strickland On Willie Herenton's 2019 Memphis Mayoral Run". LocalMemphis.com. Memphis, Tennessee. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
  31. ^ Munks, Jamie (April 19, 2019). "Local activist Pamela Moses kicks off run for mayor of Memphis". Memphis Commercial Appeal. Memphis, Tennessee. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  32. ^ Edwards, Brian (March 25, 2019). "Retired Air Force brigadier general will run to be next mayor of Montgomery". Montgomery Advertiser. Montgomery, Alabama. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  33. ^ Hubbard, Alex (April 17, 2019). "John Cooper has taken David Briley to task. He now wants to take the mayor's job". Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
  34. ^ Powers, Scott (March 25, 2019). "Buddy Dyer to kick off 2019 re-election campaign". Florida Politics. St. Petersburg, Florida. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
  35. ^ Otterbein, Holly (January 1, 2018). "It's official: Alan Butkovitz is running for mayor of Philadelphia". Philly.com. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
  36. ^ Stevens, Taylor (March 19, 2019). "Salt Lake City Mayor Jackie Biskupski drops out of 2019 mayoral race, cites a 'serious and complex family situation'". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
  37. ^ Boehm, Jessica (December 4, 2018). "Kate Gallego led by 19 points in the Phoenix mayor's race. Why is there a runoff?". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
  38. ^ Boehm, Jessica (March 14, 2019). "Kate Gallego is the next mayor of Phoenix. Now what?". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  39. ^ Fortin, Jacey (March 13, 2019). "Mayor of Fall River Is Ousted and Re-elected at the Same Time". The New York Times. New York City, New York. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
  40. ^ Knight, April (March 30, 2019). "Reapportionment Initiative Fails to Come Close to Required Turnout". The Virgin Islands Source. St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  41. ^ Jonnalagadda, Deepika (April 12, 2019). "Students Endorse Reconciliation Fee in GU272 Referendum". The Hoya. Georgetown, D.C. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  42. ^ McCormick-Cavanagh, Conor (February 1, 2019). "Denver Will Vote on Psilocybin Decriminalization in May". Westword. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
  43. ^ Barnett, Jackson (April 12, 2019). "What is Denver Initiative 300: Right to Survive". The Denver Post. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  44. ^ a b "2018 State & Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). NCSL. Retrieved November 7, 2018.