|Election day||November 5|
|Seats contested||3 mid-term vacancies|
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 House special elections|
Not yet held
|Net seat change||0|
|Map of the 2019 gubernatorial races|
Light blue: Democratic incumbent
Light red: Republican incumbent
Dark red: Term-limited Republican
Gray: no election
The 2019 United States elections will be held, in large part, on Tuesday, November 5, 2019. This off-year election includes the regular gubernatorial elections in Kentucky, Louisiana, and Mississippi. State legislative elections will also be held in Louisiana, Mississippi, Virginia, and in the New Jersey General Assembly (the lower house of the New Jersey legislature). Numerous citizen initiatives, mayoral races, and a variety of other local elections will also occur. Special elections to the United States Congress will take place because so far 3 vacancies arose.
Federal special elections
The following special elections will be held to replace members who resigned or died in the 116th U.S. Congress:
- Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district: Republican Tom Marino resigned on January 23, 2019, to take a private sector job. The district has a partisan index of R+17. Voters in the district will select Marino's replacement on May 21.
- North Carolina's 3rd congressional district: Republican Walter B. Jones Jr. died on February 10, 2019. The district has a partisan index of R+12. Voters in the district will select Jones's replacement on a date to be chosen. 26 candidates from 4 parties have filed for official candidacy.
- North Carolina's 9th congressional district: Due to allegations of election fraud, the results for the 9th congressional district were not certified for the 2018 election, leaving the seat vacant once the 116th Congress began (the seat was previously held by Republican Robert Pittenger, who lost his party's nomination in 2018). On February 21, 2019, the North Carolina State Board of Elections voted unanimously to hold a new election. The district has a partisan index of R+8.
The 2019 state elections will impact the redistricting that will follow the 2020 United States Census, as many states task governors and state legislators with drawing new boundaries for state legislative and Congressional districts. Republicans will defend their "trifecta" (unified control of the governorship and the state legislature) in Kentucky and Mississippi, while Democrats will defend their trifecta in New Jersey. The other two states holding elections, Louisiana and Virginia, both have a divided government, meaning that each major party controls the governorship or at least one legislative chamber.
Three states will hold gubernatorial elections in 2019:
- Kentucky: One-term Republican Matt Bevin is seeking re-election. Declared Republicans running against Bevin in the primary include State Representative Robert Goforth, Ike Lawrence and William Woods. Declared Democratic candidates include Attorney General Andy Beshear, former state auditor Adam Edelen, House Minority Leader Rocky Adkins and Geoff Young. Secretary of State Alison Lundergan Grimes declined to run.
- Louisiana: One-term Democrat John Bel Edwards is seeking re-election. Republican U.S. Rep. Ralph Abraham has declared his candidacy, while Republican U.S. Sen. John Neely Kennedy, widely expected to challenge Edwards, has declined to run.
- Mississippi: Two-term Republican Phil Bryant is term-limited in 2019 and therefore ineligible to seek re-election. Potential Republican candidates include Mississippi House of Representatives Speaker Philip Gunn, former U.S. Senator Trent Lott, State Senator Chris McDaniel, Lieutenant Governor Tate Reeves, and Mississippi Supreme Court Chief Justice Bill Waller. Democratic candidates include Attorney General Jim Hood.
Incumbent mayors won reelection in major cities during 2019, including Fort Collins, Colorado (Wade Troxell); Gainesville, Florida (Lauren Poe); Jacksonville, Florida (Lenny Curry); and Las Vegas, Nevada (Carolyn Goodman).
Several large cities elected their first out LGTB+ mayors in 2019. In Chicago, Lori Lightfoot was elected as the city's first African-American female mayor and first lesbian mayor in what was only the second-ever mayoral runoff election in the city's history. In Tampa, Florida, Jane Castor also won a run-off election to become the first gay woman to lead a major Florida city.
In Madison, Wisconsin, Satya Rhodes-Conway defeated longtime incumbent mayor Paul Soglin. Open mayoral seats were won in Green Bay, Wisconsin (Eric Genrich) and Newark, Delaware (Jerry Clifton).
Other major cities holding mayoral elections in 2019 include:
- Charlotte: Incumbent Democrat Vi Lyles is eligible to run for a second term.
- Dallas: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Mike Rawlings is ineligible to run for a third term due to term limits.
- Denver: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Michael Hancock is running for a third term.
- Fort Worth: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Betsy Price is eligible for to run for a fifth term.
- Houston: Incumbent Democrat Sylvester Turner is running for a second term. Challengers include Texas A&M University Regent Tony Buzbee and former Kemah, Texas, Mayor Bill King.
- Indianapolis: Incumbent Democrat Joe Hogsett, is eligible to run for a second term.
- Kansas City, Missouri: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Sly James was ineligible to run for a third term due to term limits. In the nonpartisan primary held on April 2, 2019, city council members Jolie Justus and Quinton Lucas were the top-two vote winners and will face off in the general election on June 25, 2019.
- Lincoln, Nebraska: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Chris Beutler was ineligible to run for a fourth term due a city charter amendment passed in November 2018 that set term limits on the office of mayor. Following an April 9 primary election, City Councilwomen Cyndi Lamm and Leirion Gaylor Baird advanced to the May 7 general election.
- Memphis: Incumbent Democrat Jim Strickland is running for a second term. Challengers include former mayor Willie Herenton, Shelby County Commissioner Tami Sawyer, businessman Lemichael Wilson, and local activists Terrence Boyce and Pamela Moses.
- Montgomery, Alabama: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Todd Strange declined to seek reelection. Announced candidates include retired Air Force officer Edward Crowell, Montgomery County Commission Chairman Elton Dean, former Congressman Artur Davis, Montgomery County Probate Judge Steven Reed, attorneys JC Love and Michael Fitz, media executive David Woods, and Marcus McNeal.
- Nashville: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent David Briley, after serving the remainder of the term of Megan Barry and then winning a 2018 special election, is running for a first full term in office. Challengers include city councilman John Cooper, conservative activist Carol Swain, and State Rep. John Ray Clemmons
- Orlando: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Buddy Dyer is running for a fifth term.
- Philadelphia: Incumbent Democrat Jim Kenney is running for a second term.
- Salt Lake City: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Jackie Biskupski declined to run for a second term.
- San Antonio: This is a nonpartisan office. Incumbent Ron Nirenberg is eligible to run for a second term.
- San Francisco: Incumbent Democrat London Breed, serving the remainder of the term of Democrat Ed Lee, is eligible to run for a first full term in office.
- Special Election Runoff in Phoenix, Arizona, following the resignation of Mayor Greg Stanton and no candidate winning a majority in the November 2018 special election, held on March 12, 2019; won by Kate Gallego
- Special Recall Election in Fall River, Massachusetts, held March 12, 2019, successfully recalled Mayor Jasiel Correia and reelected him in the same election. Correia faced recall after being charged with wire fraud and filing false tax returns in 2018. Five candidates, including Correia, qualified to run in the event of a successful recall, and a plurality of voters voted for Correia.
Other local elections and referenda
- In the U.S. Virgin Islands, a ballot initiative to change how seats in the Legislature of the Virgin Islands are apportioned was defeated due to low voter turnout. A majority of voters approved of the reapportionment plan during the March 30, 2019, special election; however, only about 9 percent of registered voters participated in the election, and a majority of all registered voters was required for the initiative to pass.
- In a non-binding referendum, two-thirds of Georgetown University students voted to establish a semesterly fee to fund reparations for descendents of 272 enslaved people sold by the school in 1838.
- In Denver, citizen-initiated ordinances are on the ballot in May to effectively decriminalize psilocybin mushrooms for personal use and possession by adults and overturn the city's ban on urban camping.
Tables of partisan control results
These tables show the partisan results of the congressional, gubernatorial, and state legislative races in 2019. Only the affected congressional districts and states in 2019 are shown. Governorships/legislatures in these affected states that are not up for election in 2019 are already filled in for the "after 2019 elections" section. Bold indicates a change in control.
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|Seat||Incumbent||State delegation||Winner||State delegation|
|North Carolina 3rd||Rep||Rep 9–3[a]|
|North Carolina 9th||Vacant[a]|
|Pennsylvania 12th||Rep||Split 9–9|
|Before 2019 elections||After 2019 elections|
|State||Governor||State leg.||Governor||State leg.|
- The seat for North Carolina's 9th congressional district is counted as vacant due to the voided 2018 election. It was previously held by a Republican.
- Cioffi, Chris (January 17, 2019). "Rep Marino (R-PA) announces his plan to resign from Congress". MSN/Roll Call.
- "Pennsylvania's 12th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
- Bolton, Alexander (February 10, 2019). "Rep. Walter Jones, GOP rebel and Iraq War critic, dies at age 76". The Hill. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- "North Carolina's 3rd Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved February 11, 2019.
- Caldwell, Leigh Ann. "New election ordered in North Carolina House district after possible illegal activities". NBC News. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
- "North Carolina's 9th Congressional District - Ballotpedia". Ballotpedia. Retrieved March 2, 2019.
- "31 file for statewide office in Kentucky ahead of deadline". WHAS. Associated Press. January 29, 2019. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
- Alison Lundergan Grimes not running for Kentucky governor in 2019
- Pathé, Simone (December 6, 2018). "Louisiana's Ralph Abraham Running for Governor". Roll Call. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "Sen. John Kennedy announced he's not running for Louisiana Governor". WAFB. Baton Rouge, Louisiana. December 3, 2018. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- "Hood, Reeves could headline 2019 governor's race". Mississippi Business Journal. Jackson, Mississippi. Associated Press. June 26, 2016. Retrieved 20 August 2016.
- Coltrain, Nick (April 2, 2019). "Wade Troxell wins third term as Fort Collins mayor in City Council election". Coloradan. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Berkowitz, Jacob. "Mayor Lauren Poe, Commissioner Adrian Hayes-Santos Celebrate Re-Election". WUFT. Gainesville, Florida. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Bauerlein, David (March 19, 2019). "Jacksonville Mayor Lenny Curry wins re-election outright". The Florida Times-Union. Jacksonville, Florida. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Wilson, Miranda (April 2, 2019). "Carolyn Goodman wins her third and final term as Las Vegas mayor". Las Vegas Sun. Las Vegas, Nevada. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Ruthhard, Bill (April 3, 2019). "Lori Lightfoot elected Chicago mayor, making her the first African-American woman to lead the city". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Ruthhard, Bill (February 27, 2019). "Chicago poised to elect first African-American female mayor after Lori Lightfoot, Toni Preckwinkle advance". Chicago Tribune. Chicago, Illinois. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Frago, Charlie (April 23, 2019). "Jane Castor wins big in Tampa mayor's race". Tampa Bay Times. Tampa Bay, Florida. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
- Brockman, Jon (April 2, 2019). "Rhodes-Conway triumphs in Madison's mayoral election". The Daily Cardinal. Madison, Wisconsin. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- BeMiller, Hailey (April 2, 2019). "Eric Genrich defeats Patrick Buckley to become Green Bay's first new mayor in 16 years". Green Bay Press Gazette. Green Bay, Wisconsin. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Shannon, Josh; Schultz, Brooke (April 10, 2019). "Clifton elected mayor of Newark in landslide victory". Newark Post. Newark, Delaware. Retrieved April 11, 2019.
- "Multi Year Election Schedule". Mecklenburg County Board of Elections. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
- Kalthoff, Ken (July 20, 2018). "First Candidate Launches 2019 Race for Dallas Mayor". KXAS-TV. Fort Worth, Texas. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
- Gray, Haley (March 5, 2019). "A Brief Introduction to Denver's 2019 Election". 5280: Denver's Mile High Magazine. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Scherer, Jasper (January 14, 2019). "Buzbee, King call for limits on donor influence at City Hall". The Houston Chronicle. Houston, Texas. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Abouhalkah, Yael T. (May 27, 2015). "Let's skip ahead and peek at Kansas City's 2019 mayoral race". The Kansas City Star. Kansas City, Missouri. Retrieved June 25, 2018.
- Kite, Allison; Vockrodt, Steve; Marson, Andy (April 2, 2019). "Council members Justus, Lucas win Kansas City mayoral primary, will face off in June". The Kansas City Star. Kansas City, Missouri. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
- Hicks, Nancy (November 7, 2018). "Voters approve term limits; Mayor Beutler cannot run for re-election". Lincoln Journal Star. Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Hicks, Nancy (April 9, 2019). "Two women, Gaylor Baird and Lamm, will face off in mayor's race". Lincoln Star Journal. Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved April 10, 2019.
- Broders, Brad (April 6, 2018). "Memphis Mayor Jim Strickland On Willie Herenton's 2019 Memphis Mayoral Run". LocalMemphis.com. Memphis, Tennessee. Retrieved August 8, 2018.
- Munks, Jamie (April 19, 2019). "Local activist Pamela Moses kicks off run for mayor of Memphis". Memphis Commercial Appeal. Memphis, Tennessee. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Edwards, Brian (March 25, 2019). "Retired Air Force brigadier general will run to be next mayor of Montgomery". Montgomery Advertiser. Montgomery, Alabama. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Hubbard, Alex (April 17, 2019). "John Cooper has taken David Briley to task. He now wants to take the mayor's job". Tennessean. Nashville, Tennessee. Retrieved April 20, 2019.
- Powers, Scott (March 25, 2019). "Buddy Dyer to kick off 2019 re-election campaign". Florida Politics. St. Petersburg, Florida. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Otterbein, Holly (January 1, 2018). "It's official: Alan Butkovitz is running for mayor of Philadelphia". Philly.com. Retrieved November 17, 2018.
- Stevens, Taylor (March 19, 2019). "Salt Lake City Mayor Jackie Biskupski drops out of 2019 mayoral race, cites a 'serious and complex family situation'". The Salt Lake Tribune. Salt Lake City, Utah. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- Boehm, Jessica (December 4, 2018). "Kate Gallego led by 19 points in the Phoenix mayor's race. Why is there a runoff?". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved December 6, 2018.
- Boehm, Jessica (March 14, 2019). "Kate Gallego is the next mayor of Phoenix. Now what?". Arizona Republic. Phoenix, Arizona. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- Fortin, Jacey (March 13, 2019). "Mayor of Fall River Is Ousted and Re-elected at the Same Time". The New York Times. New York City, New York. Retrieved March 15, 2019.
- Knight, April (March 30, 2019). "Reapportionment Initiative Fails to Come Close to Required Turnout". The Virgin Islands Source. St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
- Jonnalagadda, Deepika (April 12, 2019). "Students Endorse Reconciliation Fee in GU272 Referendum". The Hoya. Georgetown, D.C. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
- McCormick-Cavanagh, Conor (February 1, 2019). "Denver Will Vote on Psilocybin Decriminalization in May". Westword. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved March 28, 2019.
- Barnett, Jackson (April 12, 2019). "What is Denver Initiative 300: Right to Survive". The Denver Post. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
- "2018 State & Legislative Partisan Composition" (PDF). NCSL. Retrieved November 7, 2018.