Antonio José Cavanilles
Statue of Cavanilles at the Royal Botanical Garden of Madrid
|Died||5 May 1804 (aged 59)|
|Residence||Spain and France|
|Known for||Taxonomy of Iberian, South American and Oceanian flora|
|Academic advisors||Thouin, Jussieu|
|Influenced||Simón de Rojas|
|Author abbrev. (botany)||Cav.|
Antonio José Cavanilles (16 January 1745 – 5 May 1804) was a leading Spanish taxonomic botanist of the 18th century. He named many plants, particularly from Oceania. He named at least 100 genera, about 54 of which were still used in 2004, including Dahlia, Calycera, Cobaea, Galphimia, and Oleandra.
Cavanilles was born in Valencia. He lived in Paris from 1777 to 1781, where he followed careers as a clergyman and a botanist, thanks to André Thouin and Antoine Laurent de Jussieu. He was one of the first Spanish scientists to use the classification method invented by Carl Linnaeus.
- Icones et descriptiones plantarum, quae aut sponte in Hispania crescunt, aut in hortis hospitantur..., Madrid, 1791-1801 
- List of plants of Caatinga vegetation of Brazil
- List of plants of Cerrado vegetation of Brazil
- List of Roman Catholic scientist-clerics
- Emilio LAGUNA LUMBRERAS (December 2004), "Sobre los géneros descritos por Cavanilles", Flora Montiberica, 28: 3–22
- IPNI. Cav.
- Biography by the Australian National Botanic Gardens
- Monadelphiæ classis dissertationes decem on the Internet Archive
- Chronophobia Scans of 160 plates from Monadelphiæ classis dissertationes decem
- Antonio José Cavanilles. Polymath Virtual Library, Fundación Ignacio Larramendi
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