The principality of Liechtenstein encompasses most of the eastern half of the Rhine Valley, wedged between Austria and Switzerland. Majority of the country's population is found in the western half along the Rhine River.  Along with Uzbekistan, Liechtenstein is one of only two doubly landlocked countries in the world.
Area: 160 km² (land, 0 km² water)
- total: 76 km
- border countries: Austria 35 km, Switzerland 41 km
- The only lake in Liechtenstein is the Gampriner Seele.
- arable land: 21.88%
- permanent crops: 0%
- other: 78.12% (2011)
- Mostly mountainous (Alps) with Rhine Valley in western third
- Hydroelectric potential, arable land
- North - river Rhine, Ruggell
- South - summit of Mazorakopf/Falknishorn (2,452 m), Triesen
- East - border post 28, above Nenzinger Himmel
- West - river Rhine, Balzers
- highest - Vorder Grauspitz (2,599 m), Triesen
- lowest - Bangserfeld (429 m), Ruggell
Continental; cold, cloudy winters with frequent snow or rain; cool to moderately warm, cloudy, humid summers, great variety of microclimates based on elevation
Environment - international agreements
Air Pollution, Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants, Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air Pollution-Sulphur 85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands,
Signed, but not ratified:
- "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov. Retrieved 2018-09-17.