Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf
أحمد عوض بن عوف
|Chairman of the Transitional Military Council|
11 April 2019 – 12 April 2019
|Deputy||Kamal Abdel-Marouf al-Mahi|
|Preceded by||Omar al-Bashir (as President of Sudan)|
|Succeeded by||Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan|
|First Vice President of Sudan|
23 February 2019 – 11 April 2019
|Preceded by||Bakri Hassan Saleh|
|Minister for Defense of Sudan|
23 August 2015 – 14 April 2019
|Preceded by||Mustafa Osman Obeid|
|Born||1957 (age 61–62)|
|Political party||National Congress (Until April 2019)|
|Battles/wars||War in Darfur|
2019 Sudanese coup d'état
Lt. Gen. Ahmed Awad Ibn Auf (born c. 1957; Arabic: أحمد عوض بن عوف) is a Sudanese politician and Sudanese Army lieutenant general who served as the de facto Head of State for one day from 11 April 2019 to 12 April 2019 after taking part in the 2019 Sudanese coup d'état. Auf previously served as the Minister of Defense in Sudan from 23 August 2015 to 14 April 2019, and the First Vice President of Sudan from February to April 2019.
Military and governmental career
Auf previously served as Head of Military Intelligence, and also Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff before he was relieved in June 2010 as part of a major military shakeup. Following his military service, he served as the Sudanese Ambassador to Saudi Arabia.
Auf was on a May 2007 list of individuals sanctioned by the United States due to his alleged role as a liaison between the Sudanese government and the Janjaweed in the Darfur War and his close relations to Iran. There are credible allegations that Auf coordinated janjaweed operations leading to bombing attacks by Antonov aircraft on civilians, villages attacked, forced displacement, and mass rape (Tawila, North Darfur). However, Auf is not among those who have been indicted by the International Criminal Court for crimes committed in Darfur.
On 11 April 2019, he announced on Sudanese national television that the government had been dissolved and the constitution suspended. He said the military would be in charge, with a 10pm curfew and a two-year transition period. He declared closure of Sudan's airspace for 24 hours, closure of border crossings, and a three-month state of emergency. The National Assembly was dissolved, with Auf adding that Sudan was preparing for "free and fair" elections. Protestors demonstrated against the change of power, describing it as a military coup. The press continued to describe Auf as the country's defense minister, vice president, and a general of Sudan's armed forces. He resigned the next day due to continued protests which stemmed from the fact that many people considered him a leading figure from the previous government, this was further aggravated by his decision not to extradite al-Bashir to the International Criminal Court. As his final act Auf made Lt. Gen. Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan, who serves as general inspector of the armed forces, his successor. Auf is the only ruler in the history of independent Sudan who experienced continuous protests for the entirety of his reign.
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