Fomenko is the son of Timothy Grigorievich Fomenko (Russian: Тимофей Григорьевич Фоме́нко), an industrial engineer, and Valentina Polikarpovna (née Markova) (Russian: Валентина Поликарповна Маркова), a philologist and teacher of Russian language and literature. His parents would later co-author his works on history in 1983 and 1996. Born in Donetsk, then called Stalino, he was raised and schooled in Magadan. In 1959, his family returned to Eastern Ukraine and settled in the city of Luhansk, where Fomenko attended Secondary School No. 26. During secondary school, Fomenko participated in many competitions relating to mathematics and won several medals as a result. Also in 1959, the magazine "Pionyerskaya pravda" (Russian: Пионерская правда, Pioneer Truth) published his first known science fiction story, "The Mystery of the Milky Way".
Fomenko graduated from the Mechanics and Mathematics Faculty of Moscow State University in 1967, and in 1969 began working in the department of differential geometry in said faculty. In 1970 he defended his thesis "Classification of totally geodesic manifolds realizing nontrivial cycles in Riemannian homogeneous spaces", and in 1972 defended his doctoral thesis, "The decision of the multidimensional Plateau problems on Riemannian manifolds." In December 1981 he became a professor of the department of higher geometry and topology, and in 1992 became the head of the department of differential geometry.
Fomenko has served as the editor of several Russian-language mathematics journals and is a member of many councils overseeing dissertations in his field. In 1996, he won the State Prize of the Russian Federation for excellence in mathematics.
Fomenko is a full member (Academician) of the Russian Academy of Sciences (1994), the International Higher Education Academy of Sciences (1993) and Russian Academy of Technological Sciences (2009), as well as a doctor of physics and mathematics (1972), a professor (1980), and head of the Differential Geometry and Applications Department of the Faculty of Mathematics and Mechanics in Moscow State University (1992). Fomenko is the author of the theory of topological invariants of an integrable Hamiltonian system. He is the author of 180 scientific publications, 26 monographs and textbooks on mathematics, a specialist in geometry and topology, variational calculus, symplectic topology, Hamiltonian geometry and mechanics, and computational geometry. Fomenko is also the author of a number of books on the development of new empirico-statistical methods and their application to the analysis of historical chronicles as well as the chronology of antiquity and the Middle Ages.
Fomenko is the author of extensive writings in his original fields of mathematics, and is also known for his original drawings inspired by topological objects and structures.
Fomenko is one of authors of a concept that manipulates historical chronology. It is known as New Chronology. Fomenko claims that he has discovered that many historical events do not correspond mathematically with the dates on which they are supposed to have occurred. He asserts from this that all of ancient history (including the history of Greece, Rome, and Egypt) is just a reflection of events that occurred in the Middle Ages and that all of Chinese and Arab history are fabrications of 17th- and 18th-century Jesuits.
A.T. Fomenko, A. V. Bolsinov Integrable Hamiltonian Systems: Geometry, Topology, Classification. Taylor and Francis, 2003.
A.T. Fomenko, D. B. FuchsHomotopical Topology. Springer. Second edition, GTM 273, 2016.
Fomenko A.T. «Some new empirico–statistical methods of dating and the analysis of present global chronology»,— London: The British Library, Department of printed books. Cup. 918/87, 1981.
A.T. Fomenko, V. V Kalashnikov., G. V. NosovskyGeometrical and Statistical Methods of Analysis of Star Configurations. Dating Ptolemy's Almagest. – CRC-Press, USA, 1993.
A.T. Fomenko Empirico-Statistical Analysis of Narrative Material and its Applications to Historical Dating. Vol.1: The Development of the Statistical Tools. Vol.2: The Analysis of Ancient and Medieval Records. – Kluwer Academic Publishers. The Netherlands, 1994.
A.T. Fomenko New Methods of Statistical Analysis of Historical Texts. Applications to Chronology. Antiquity in the Middle Ages. Greek and Bible History. Vols.1, 2, 3. – Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 1999.
A.T. Fomenko et al.: History: Fiction or Science? Chronology 1, Introducing the problem. A criticism of the Scaligerian chronology. Dating methods as offered by mathematical statistics. Eclipses and zodiacs.ISBN 2-913621-07-4
A.T. Fomenko et al.: History: Fiction or Science? Chronology 2, The dynastic parallelism method. Rome. Troy. Greece. The Bible. Chronological shifts.ISBN 2-913621-06-6
A.T. Fomenko et al.: History: Fiction or Science? Chronology 3, Astronomical methods as applied to chronology. Ptolemy’s Almagest. Tycho Brahe. Copernicus. The Egyptian zodiacs.ISBN 2-913621-08-2
Nosovsky G.V., Fomenko А.Т. «Russia. Britain. Byzantium. Rome. History: Fiction or Science? Chronology vol. IV»,— Paris, London, New York: Mithec, Delamere Resources LLC, 2008, 727 pp.
^"From Marcus Warren in Moscow". The Daily Telegraph. June 14, 2001. Archived from the original on May 25, 2005. Retrieved September 28, 2021.
http://hbar.phys.msu.ru/gorm/fomenko/zaliznk.htm Archived 2008-09-17 at the Wayback Machine. A critical look at
Fomenko's linguistics (in Russian)
^Fomenko, Anatoly (29 June 2012). "Anatoly Fomenko Art". ANATOLY TIMOFEEVICH FOMENKO. Archived from the original on 2012-11-28. Retrieved 2018-12-18.
^Berger, Melvyn S. (1985). "Review: Modern geometry (Souremennaya geometriya)". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 13 (1): 62–65. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1985-15366-2.
^Berger, Melvyn S. (1988). "Review: Modern geometry—methods and applications. Part II, The geometry and topology of manifolds". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 18 (1): 112–114. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1988-15626-1.
^Kirwan, Frances C. (1988). "Review: Differential geometry and topology". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 19 (1): 340–343. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1988-15664-9.
^Almgren, Fred (1992). "Review: Variational principles of topology". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 26 (1): 188–192. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-1992-00256-2.
^Banchoff, Thomas (1997). "Review: Visual geometry and topology". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. (N.S.). 34 (1): 35–38. doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-97-00694-0.
"Fomenko's Drawings". Archived from the original on July 12, 2007. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
Extra-mathematical associations in mathematical images
New Chronology official site (English language)
New Chronology analysis and criticism (Russian language)