Caspian roach


Caspian roach
Stamps of Azerbaijan, 1993-196.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Cypriniformes
Family: Cyprinidae
Subfamily: Leuciscinae
Genus: Rutilus
R. caspicus
Binomial name
Rutilus caspicus
(Yakovlev, 1870)

Rutilus rutilus caspicus
Leuciscus rutilus caspicus

The Caspian roach (Rutilus caspicus) is a species of roach fish living in the Caspian Sea. The Caspian roach can be distinguished from other roaches by its laterally compressed body, silvery grey iris, rounded snout and grey pectoral pelvic and anal fins with dark margins. The Caspian roach is semi-anadromous and inhabits mostly shallow coastal waters.[1] It enters Volga, Ural, Emba, Terek and Kura drainages for spawning.[1]


The Caspian roach has a typical size of 30–35 cm (maximum published 45 cm) and a weight of 800 g (maximum published 2000 g). It can be distinguished from its congeners in the Caspian Sea by these characteristics:

  • usually 42-44 scales along the lateral line
  • dorsal fin usually with 9½ branched rays
  • anal fin usually with 10½ branched rays
  • rounded snout and subterminal mouth
  • anal fins and pectoral pelvic are grey with dark margins


The vobla is found in brackish coastal waters of the northern and northwestern Caspian Sea, and enters Volga, Ural, Emba, Terek, and Kura drainages for spawning. There it is locally known as vobla.

As food

Salt-dried vobla is generally eaten without sauces or side dishes. Many people like to eat their vobla with a glass of beer, which lessens the salty taste of the fish.

Vobla could be considered a raw fish, but, in fact, it is neither raw nor cooked, but rather salt-cured. It is soaked in brine for some days and then is thoroughly air-dried for another two, which in the end denatures the protein, as a form of chemical "cooking".


  1. ^ a b "Rutilus caspicus (Yakovlev, 1870)". FishBase. Retrieved 20 March 2019.

External links

  • Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Rutilus caspicus" in FishBase. April 2006 version.
  • Rutilus rutilus caspicus (Jakowlew, 1870)
  • Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. (2008). "Rutilus caspicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

See also