NamesLunar Polar Exploration[1][2]
Mission typeLunar lander, rover, sample-return
OperatorISRO / JAXA
Mission duration6 months (planned)[3]
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerLander: ISRO
Launcher and rover: JAXA
Payload mass≈500 kg (1,100 lb) [3]
Start of mission
Launch dateSuggested: 2024[1][2]
RocketH3 (rocket)[4]
Launch siteLA-Y, Tanegashima
Moon lander
Landing siteSouth polar region
Moon rover

Chandrayaan-3 (Sanskrit: [tɕɐndɽaːjaːn]; transl. Moon-craft,[5][6] About this soundpronunciation ) is a robotic sample-return[7][8] lunar mission concept by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Japan's space agency JAXA[9][10] that would send a lunar rover and lander to explore the south pole region of the Moon in 2024.[1][2][4] JAXA is likely to provide the under-development H3 launch vehicle and the rover, while ISRO would be responsible for the lander.[10][11]

The mission concept has not yet been formally proposed for funding and planning.[12] If approved, it would be the third mission of India's Chandrayaan programme.


The mission would demonstrate new surface exploration technologies related to vehicular transport and lunar night survival for sustainable lunar exploration in polar regions.[13][11] The lander's payload capacity would be nearly 500 kg (1,100 lb),[3] and would include a 1.5 m (4.9 ft) drill to collect sub-surface samples.[14][3] Water prospecting, sample collection and analysis, and sample-return, are likely to be mission objectives.[10][7][8][15] Payload proposals from other space agencies might be sought.[9][16]

On 24 September 2019, in a joint statement by JAXA and NASA discussed possibility of NASA's participation as well.[17] The VSSC director, S. Somanath, stated that there will be a Chandrayaan-3 and more follow up missions in the Chandrayaan program. However, there have been no official announcements of mission details as of October 2019.[18]

See also


  1. ^ a b c After Mars, ISRO to Set a Date with Venus. Trak. Malvika Gurung. 20 May 2019.
  2. ^ a b c After Reaching Mars, India's Date With Venus In 2023 Confirmed, Says ISRO. U. Tejonmayam, India Times. 18 May 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d "国際協力による月探査計画への参画に向けて参考資料" (PDF). 29 August 2019. p. 21. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b Shimbun, The Yomiuri (2019-07-30). "Japan, India to team up in race to discover water on moon". The Japan News. Retrieved 2019-07-30.
  5. ^ "chandra". Spoken Sanskrit. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  6. ^ "yaana". Spoken Sanskrit. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2008.
  7. ^ a b Chandrayaan-3 Will Be A Sample Return Mission. Neelam Mathews, Aerospace Daily & Defense Report. 8 December 2008.
  8. ^ a b India Loses Contact with Lunar Lander. Jonathan O'Callaghan, scientific American. 6 September 2019.
  9. ^ a b "India's next Moon shot will be bigger, in pact with Japan". The Times of India. 2019-07-07. Retrieved 2019-06-21. For our next mission — Chandrayaan-3 — which will be accomplished in collaboration with JAXA (Japanese Space Agency), we will invite other countries too to participate with their payloads.
  10. ^ a b c "Episode 82: Jaxa and International Collaboration with Professor Fujimoto Masaki". AstrotalkUK. 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
  11. ^ a b Hoshino, Takeshi; Ohtake, Makiko; Karouji, Yuzuru; Shiraishi, Hiroaki (May 2019). "Current status of a Japanese lunar polar exploration mission". Archived from the original on 25 July 2019. Retrieved 25 July 2019.
  12. ^ ISRO planning 7 interplanetary missions, Venus on the to-do list. Sidharth MP, DNA. 18 May 2019.
  13. ^ Sasaki, Hiroshi (17 June 2019). "JAXA's Lunar Exploration Activities" (PDF). UNOOSA. p. 8. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  14. ^ Spaceflight, Meghan Bartels 2019-10-23T13:00:22Z. "Japan Sets Sights on Moon with NASA and India". Retrieved 2019-10-23.
  15. ^ Six-day cruise lies ahead for India's Chandrayaan-2 probe before the real lunar shenanigans begin. Richard Speed, The Register. 14 August 2019.
  16. ^ NASA Exploration Science Forum 2019 - Masaki Fujimoto, retrieved 2019-07-30
  17. ^ "JAXA | Joint Statement on Cooperation in Lunar Exploration". JAXA | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
  18. ^ "Episode 90 – An update on ISRO's activities with S Somanath and R Umamaheshwaran". AstrotalkUK. October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.