|Names||Lunar Polar Exploration|
|Mission type||Lunar lander, rover, sample-return|
|Operator||ISRO / JAXA|
|Mission duration||6 months (planned)|
Launcher and rover: JAXA
|Payload mass||≈500 kg (1,100 lb) |
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||Suggested: 2024|
|Launch site||LA-Y, Tanegashima|
|Landing site||South polar region|
Chandrayaan-3 (Sanskrit: [tɕɐndɽaːjaːn]; transl. Moon-craft, pronunciation (help·info)) is a robotic sample-return lunar mission concept by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Japan's space agency JAXA that would send a lunar rover and lander to explore the south pole region of the Moon in 2024. JAXA is likely to provide the under-development H3 launch vehicle and the rover, while ISRO would be responsible for the lander.
The mission would demonstrate new surface exploration technologies related to vehicular transport and lunar night survival for sustainable lunar exploration in polar regions. The lander's payload capacity would be nearly 500 kg (1,100 lb), and would include a 1.5 m (4.9 ft) drill to collect sub-surface samples. Water prospecting, sample collection and analysis, and sample-return, are likely to be mission objectives. Payload proposals from other space agencies might be sought.
On 24 September 2019, in a joint statement by JAXA and NASA discussed possibility of NASA's participation as well. The VSSC director, S. Somanath, stated that there will be a Chandrayaan-3 and more follow up missions in the Chandrayaan program. However, there have been no official announcements of mission details as of October 2019.
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For our next mission — Chandrayaan-3 — which will be accomplished in collaboration with JAXA (Japanese Space Agency), we will invite other countries too to participate with their payloads.
- "Episode 82: Jaxa and International Collaboration with Professor Fujimoto Masaki". AstrotalkUK. 2019-01-04. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
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- Spaceflight, Meghan Bartels 2019-10-23T13:00:22Z. "Japan Sets Sights on Moon with NASA and India". Space.com. Retrieved 2019-10-23.
- Six-day cruise lies ahead for India's Chandrayaan-2 probe before the real lunar shenanigans begin. Richard Speed, The Register. 14 August 2019.
- NASA Exploration Science Forum 2019 - Masaki Fujimoto, retrieved 2019-07-30
- "JAXA | Joint Statement on Cooperation in Lunar Exploration". JAXA | Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency. Retrieved 2019-10-14.
- "Episode 90 – An update on ISRO's activities with S Somanath and R Umamaheshwaran". AstrotalkUK. October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2019.