|China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology|
The China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) is a major civilian and military space launch vehicle manufacturer in China and one of the major launch service providers in the world. CALT is a subordinate of the larger China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC). It was established in 1957 and is headquartered in Fengtai District, Beijing.
Its major contribution to China's civilian and military launch capability has been the manufacture of the Long March family of rockets. CALT has 31,600 employees and at least 13 research facilities. The current Chief Designer is Long Lehao (龙乐豪).
CALT is also planning two spaceplanes. They would both be single-stage to space sub-orbital rocketplanes. One would be a 10-ton 4-passenger plane that would fly to 100 km at Mach 6. The other would be a 100-ton 20-passenger plane that would fly to 130 km at Mach 8. They would be equipped with liquid methane/liquid oxygen rocket engines. The larger spaceplane would also be able to carry a strap-on space rocket, making it function as the first stage of a two-stage to orbit space launch platform. That rocket would launch above the Karman line, and lift 1–2 tons to LEO. On 28 August, 2020, the United States Department of Defense released the names of additional “Communist Chinese military companies” operating directly or indirectly in the United States. CALT was included on the list.
With this size and lift, China's Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT) Chief Designer Long Lehao announced that the Long March 9 will be capable of lifting 140 metric tons to low Earth orbit (LEO), 50 tons to Earth-Moon transfer orbit, and 44 tons to Earth-Mars transfer orbit (140 tons is right between the projected lifts of NASA's Space Launch System (130 tons) and SpaceX's 150 ton BFR).