Eastern Orthodoxy in Croatia


Eastern Orthodoxy in Croatia refers to adherents, religious communities, institutions and organizations of Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Croatia. It is the second-largest religious denomination in Croatia, as Roman Catholicism predominates. Over 190,000 people, forming 4.44% of the total Croatian population, are Eastern Orthodox Christians.

Eastern Orthodoxy in Croatia is represented foremost by the Serbian Orthodox Church, which claims most of the Orthodox Christian faithful. Other major jurisdictions are the Bulgarian Orthodox and Macedonian Orthodox Churches. These three churches are recognized by the state.[1][2] In Croatia there are also adherents to the Montenegrin Orthodox Church. During World War II, the Croatian Orthodox Church existed as well.


Religious map of Croatia (2001)

The published data from the 2011 Croatian census included a crosstab of ethnicity and religion,[3] which showed that a total of 190,143 Orthodox believers (4.5% of the total population) was divided between the following ethnic groups:

  • 159,530 Orthodox Serbs
  • 16,647 Orthodox Croats
  • 2,401 Orthodox Macedonians
  • 2,381 Orthodox Romani people
  • 1,822 Orthodox Montenegrins
  • 729 Orthodox Russians
  • 341 Orthodox Ukrainians
  • 293 Orthodox Bosniaks
  • 158 Orthodox Bulgarians
  • 147 Orthodox Romanians
  • other individual ethnicities (under 100 people each)
Orthodox Population by ethnicity
Orthodox Serbs
Orthodox Croats
Orthodox Macedonians
Orthodox Romani people
Orthodox Montenegrins

Serbian Orthodox Church in Croatia

This church gathers its faithful among the Serbs of Croatia. Five eparchies (dioceses) of the Serbian Orthodox Church cover the territory of Croatia:[1]

Regional Council of Serbian Orthodox Church in Croatia consists of all five diocesan bishops. The Council is presided by the Metropolitan of Zagreb and Ljubljana.

Major Serbian Orthodox sites include the monasteries:

and the churches:

See also


  1. ^ a b "Ugovor između Vlade Republike Hrvatske i Srpske pravoslavne crkve u Hrvatskoj o pitanjima od zajedničkog interesa". Narodne novine - Službeni list Republike Hrvatske NN196/03 (in Croatian). Narodne novine. December 15, 2003. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
  2. ^ "Ugovor između Vlade Republike Hrvatske i Bugarske pravoslavne crkve u Hrvatskoj, Hrvatske starokatoličke crkve i Makedonske pravoslavne crkve u Hrvatskoj". Narodne novine - Službeni list Republike Hrvatske NN196/03 (in Croatian). Narodne novine. December 15, 2003. Retrieved February 16, 2010.
  3. ^ "4. Population by ethnicity and religion". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2012-12-17.
  4. ^ Communique of the Holy Assembly of Bishops (2017)
  5. ^ Enthronement of Bishop John (Ćulibrk) of Slavonia


  • Bataković, Dušan T., ed. (2005). Histoire du peuple serbe [History of the Serbian People] (in French). Lausanne: L’Age d’Homme.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Krestić, Vasilije (1997). History of the Serbs in Croatia and Slavonia 1848-1914. Belgrade: BIGZ.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mileusnić, Slobodan (1997). Spiritual Genocide: A survey of destroyed, damaged and desecrated churches, monasteries and other church buildings during the war 1991-1995 (1997). Belgrade: Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Miller, Nicholas J. (1997). Between Nation and State: Serbian Politics in Croatia Before the First World War. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Raković, Aleksandar (2013). "Short Existence of the Faculty of Eastern Orthodox Theology at the University of Zagreb 1920-1924" (PDF). Теолошки погледи. 46 (3): 951–956.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)