Fujinomiya, Shizuoka

Summary

Fujinomiya (富士宮市, Fujinomiya-shi) is a city located in central Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 July 2019, the city had an estimated population of 132,507 in 56,655 households,[1] and a population density of 340 persons per km². The total area of the city is 388.99 square kilometres (150.19 sq mi).

Fujinomiya
富士宮市
Mount Fuji, Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha, Shiraito Falls
Flag of Fujinomiya
Official logo of Fujinomiya
Location of Fujinomiya in Shizuoka Prefecture
Location of Fujinomiya in Shizuoka Prefecture
Fujinomiya is located in Japan
Fujinomiya
Fujinomiya
 
Coordinates: 35°13′19.6″N 138°37′17.8″E / 35.222111°N 138.621611°E / 35.222111; 138.621611Coordinates: 35°13′19.6″N 138°37′17.8″E / 35.222111°N 138.621611°E / 35.222111; 138.621611
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureShizuoka
First official recorded60 AD
City settledJune 1, 1942
Government
 • -MayorNaoyoshi Komuro
Area
 • Total389.08 km2 (150.22 sq mi)
Population
 (September 2017)
 • Total132,507
 • Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeMaple
- FlowerFujizakura
- BirdEurasian skylark
- FishRainbow trout
Phone number0544-22-1119
Address150 Yumizawachō, Fujinomiya-shi, Shizuoka-ken 418-8601
WebsiteOfficial website

HistoryEdit

The city name comes from the former shrine name of Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha, "Fujinomiya".[2] It is an ancient settlement that developed as a properous toriimae-machi (town in front of torii) of Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha, where the Fuji clan served as the high priest of the shrine. Nearby is the sanctuary of Taiseki-ji temple, founded in 1290 by Nikkō Shōnin as the headquarters of Nichiren Shōshū Buddhism.

Fujinomiya is closely related to Mount Fuji,[3] and was located in the crossroad of Ōmiya and Murayamaguchi mountain pilgrimage trails. During the Kamakura period, the hunting event Fuji no Makigari arranged by shogun Minamoto no Yoritomo was held in the ancient region of Fujino, where the Revenge of the Soga Brothers incident also took place. These events were disseminated as historical materials such as Ōrai Mono (historical primary education textbooks created mainly in the form of letters), and as the subject of entertainment such as kabuki, noh, and jōruri.

Fujinomiya was a post town (fortified during the Sengoku period) on the primary route connecting Suruga with Kai Province. During the Edo period, the area was tenryō territory under direct control of the Tokugawa shogunate. British consul Sir Rutherford Alcock made the first recorded ascent on Mount Fuji by a non-Japanese person from Fujinomiya in 1860. During the cadastral reform of the early Meiji period in 1889, the area was reorganized into Omiya Town and eight villages with Fuji District, Shizuoka.

On 1 June 1942, the modern city was established with the merger of Omiya town with neighboring Fujioka village. The city expanded by annexing neighboring Fujine village in 1955, and Kitayama, Shiraito, Kamiide and Ueno villages in 1956.

From 1987, Aum Shinrikyo had their headquarters in the city.

The most recent merger was on 23 March 2010, when the town of Shibakawa (from Fuji District) was merged into Fujinomiya.

GeographyEdit

Fujinomiya is located in central Shizuoka Prefecture on an upland plateau on the foothills and lower slopes of Mount Fuji, with an altitude ranging from 35 to 3,336 m (115 to 10,945 ft). The average temperature is 15.6 °C (60.1 °F). Much of the city lies within the borders of Fuji-Hakone-Izu National Park. Fujinomiya is known as one of the main starting points for climbing trips to Mount Fuji, the summit of which is partly within the borders of the city. As with most of Shizuoka Prefecture, the area enjoys a warm maritime climate with hot, humid summers and mild, cool winters.

Surrounding municipalitiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Fujinomiya has steadily increased over the past 50 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1940 65,378—    
1950 86,447+32.2%
1960 88,719+2.6%
1970 99,021+11.6%
1980 118,214+19.4%
1990 127,127+7.5%
2000 130,372+2.6%
2010 131,996+1.2%

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Fujinomiya is 14.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1881 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.1 °C, and lowest in January, at around 4.4 °C.[5]

GovernmentEdit

Fujinomiya has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 22 members.

EconomyEdit

Fujinomiya is an industrial center within Shizuoka Prefecture, traditionally with a heavy emphasis on the paper industry. Other manufacturing industries include rotating equipment, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

EducationEdit

Fujinomiya has 21 public elementary schools and 13 public junior high schools operated by the city government. The city has four public high schools operated by the Shizuoka Prefectural Board of Education. The city also has one private junior school, and two private high schools. The prefectural Shizuoka Prefectural Agriculture and Forestry College is also located in Fujinomiya.

TransportationEdit

RailwayEdit

HighwayEdit

BusEdit

Sister city relationsEdit

Local attractionsEdit

FestivalsEdit

  • Hatsumōde (Fujisan Hongū Sengen Taisha)
  • Yabusame (Horseback archery) Festival (May 4, 5, 6)
  • Oyamabiraki (opening of climbing season) July 1
  • Gojinka-festival (August)
  • Fujinomiya Autumn Festival (November 3, 4, 5)

EventsEdit

Noted people from FujinomiyaEdit

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Fujinomiya City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ About the name of Fujinomiya City (Fujinomiya City Home Page) 富士宮市の名前について(富士宮市HP)
  3. ^ "地域プライド調査" (PDF). Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (国土交通省).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Fujinomiya population statistics
  5. ^ Fujinomiya climate data
  6. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 13 January 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit

  • Official website
  • Official Shizuoka Prefecture homepage
  • FUJISAN HONGU SENGENTAISHA official website
  • Mount Fuji Fujinomiya Trail Climbing Guide
  • Mount Fuji Fujinomiya Trail Climbing Guide
  • Fujinomiya info
  • Fujinomiya Tourist Association