Red Arrow 10 Anti-tank missile.jpg
TypeNon-line-of-sight Anti-tank / anti-helicopter / air-to-surface and surface-to-surface missile
Place of originPeople's Republic of China
Service history
Used byChina
Production history
WarheadHEAT and others

10 km (6.2 mi)[1]
fiber-optic wire-guided missile (AFT-10)
semi-active laser homing and millimeter wave radar seeker (AKD-10)
Infrared homing

HJ-10 (or "Red Arrow 10") is a Chinese ground-launched anti-tank missile developed by Norinco. It has a tandem high-explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead, that may penetrate 1,400 mm (55 in) of conventional steel armour protected by explosive reactive armour. The maximum range is 10 km (6.2 mi), with pre- or post-launch lock-on.[1] Air-launched variants for helicopters and drones have also been developed.[2][3]


AFT-10, equipped on the ZBD-04A Anti-tank platform, is the ATGM version of the HJ-10 platform and it is the first one to be developed. Eight missiles and a retractable sensor mast is mounted on the ZBD-04, with sensors including a thermal camera, TV camera and a laser range finder.[4] A millimeter-wave radar system is mounted at the front-right corner of the vehicle to improve all-weather operation capability.[5]



The AFT-10 (Chinese: 反坦克导弹-10; pinyin: Fǎn tǎnkè dǎodàn-10; lit. 'Anti-tank missile-10') is the surface-to-surface variant in the HJ-10 family, receiving designation of AFT-10. AFT-10 is a fiber-optic wire-guided missile that equipped with ZBD-04 Anti-tank platform. AFT-10 was first revealed in its deployment in Peace Mission 2014 joint military exercise.[4]

Missile Specification:

  • Length (mm): 1,850 mm (73 in)
  • Diameter (mm): 170 mm (6.7 in)
  • Missile weight (kg): 43 kg (95 lb)
  • System weight (kg): 105
  • Max range (km): 10 km (6.2 mi)
  • Min range (km): 3 km (1.9 mi)
  • Search speed (m/s): 150
  • Attack speed (m/s): 250
  • g overload: 15
  • Guidance: fiber optic + MMW radar or fiber optic + ImIR

Mounted Platforms:

  • ZBD-04A AT: Eight AFT-10 missiles with sensors mounted on ZBD-04A chassis.[6]
  • Type 08/VN1 AT: Eight AFT-10 missiles with sensors mounted on Type 08 (VN-1) 8x8 chassis.[7]
  • CTM-133 AT: Eight AFT-10 missiles with sensors mounted on CTM-133 truck chassis.[8][9]
  • CTL-181A AT: Four AFT-10 missiles with sensors mounted on CTL181A assault vehicle chassis.


The AKD-10 is an air-to-surface variant. It weighs 50 kg (110 lb) and is laser guided.[2]


The LJ-7 (or "Blue Arrow-7") is an air-to-surface[10] export version of the AKD-10. The tandem HEAT warhead can penetrate 1,400 mm (55 in). It has semi-active laser guidance, and an effective range of 2 kilometres (1.2 miles) to 8 km (5.0 mi). The launch weight is 47 kg (104 lb).[3]

Supposedly launched by Wing Loong II drones by UAE in a strike in Libya.[11]


The LJ-21 (or "Blue Arrow-21") is an air-to-surface variant, reportedly an improved export version of the AKD-10. An LJ-21 with slightly different tail configuration was fired by PLAGF Z-10 helicopters, indicating that it has entered service. The missile is reported to have a range of 18 km, payload of 9 kg and guided by dual mode MMW radar and semi-active laser seeker. This would indicate it has fire-and-forget capabilities and the ability to operate in poor weather conditions, similar to the US AGM-114 Hellfire missile.[12][13]


See also

Red Arrow Development
  • HJ-8 - wire-guided anti-tank missile system
  • HJ-9 - beam-riding anti-tank missile system
  • HJ-12 - man-portable infrared-homing anti-tank missile system
Similar weapons
Related lists


  1. ^ a b c Foss, Christopher F. (19 February 2019). "Red Arrow strikes [IDEX19D3]". Jane's. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  2. ^ a b Gormley, Dennis M.; Erickson, Andrew S.; Yuan, Jingdong (2014). A Low-Visibility Force Multiplier: Assessing China's Cruise Missile Ambitions (PDF) (Report). Washington, D.C.: National Defense University Press. p. 37.
  3. ^ a b "China's shooting stars". IHS. 13 Jun 2012. Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  4. ^ a b "AFT-10". Military Today.
  5. ^ "红箭10导弹发射车"汇总"". SoHu News (in Chinese). 5 December 2018.
  6. ^ "The ZBD-4A AT represents an anti-tank guided-missile carrying vehicle of the ZBD-04 tracked vehicle family for the army of China". Military Factory.
  7. ^ "IDEX 2019: NORINCO displayed Red Arrow 10 antitank guided missiles on VN1 8x8 APC". Army Recognition. 28 February 2019.
  8. ^ Huang, Kristin (23 February 2021). "China refits combat trucks in Tibet to take on Indian military". South China Morning Post.
  9. ^ ""坦克杀手"的新坐骑,红箭-10重型反坦克导弹,采用卡车搭载". Phoenix Media (in Chinese). 23 August 2020.
  10. ^ Candurra, Daniella (8 May 2019). "UN Panel Finds Chinese Missiles, UAVs in Libya". Missile Threat. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 18 December 2019.
  11. ^ "UAE implicated in lethal drone strike in Libya". BBC News. 28 August 2020.
  12. ^ "More details emerge about new Chinese helicopter-launched ATGM".
  13. ^ "Image shows Chinese Z-10 attack helicopter firing possible new ASM".
  14. ^ The Military Balance 2021. The International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2021. pp. 250–251.