The Hongjian-12 (Chinese: 红箭-12; pinyin: Hóng Jiàn-12; lit. 'Red Arrow-12') is a third generation, man-portable, fire-and-forget infrared homing anti-tank missile of China. It was unveiled at the Eurosatory 2014 exhibition.
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Used by||See Users|
|Produced||2014 – present|
|Mass||22 kg (49 lb) (carry weight) |
17 kg (37 lb) (missile)
5 kg (11 lb) (IIR/EO targeting sight)
|Length||Missile: 0.98 m (3.2 ft)|
Launch tube: 1.2 m (3.9 ft)
|Diameter||Missile: 13.5 cm (5.3 in) |
Launch tube: 17 cm (6.7 in)
|Effective firing range||4,000 m (2.5 mi) (daytime) |
2,000 m (1.2 mi) (nighttime)
|Warhead||Tandem shaped charge HEAT|
|Engine||Solid fuel rocket|
|infrared homing, TV imaging|
The missile was first showcased on the Eurosatory 2014 exhibition. Subsequent modifications and improvements were showcased in the following exhibitions. In Zhuhai Airshow 2016, Norinco unveiled HJ-12E, the export variant with new control fins and rocket motors
On March 25, 2020, Norinco announced its first successful export order to an unknown country.
The HJ-12 is a modern, third generation anti-tank missile developed by China North Industries Corporation (NORINCO). The HJ-12 is a fire-and-forget system utilizing Lock-On Before Launch (LOBL) and is capable of being fired within buildings and bunkers due to its soft launch system. Once launched, it will home autonomously onto its target, allowing the operator to immediately take cover or reload to engage another target. Its fire-and-forget technology will reduce the number of anti-tank operators needed on a battlefield. The missile is capable of day/night all-weather operation with its infrared homing, TV imaging dual-mode seeker. The warhead uses a tandem shaped charge design with an estimated penetration capability of up to 1,100 mm (43 in) of rolled homogeneous armour (RHA) after penetrating explosive reactive armor. The guided missile is capable of engaging armored vehicles, fortifications, helicopters, and boats. When facing non-armored point targets, bunkers and fortifications, the missile can be fitted with either high-explosive or thermal effect warheads. When engaging enemy tanks and armored vehicles, the HJ-12 aims to destroy the top of its targets, the more vulnerable point.
The HJ-12 is China's first portable anti-tank missile, increasing the ability of the People's Liberation Army Ground Force to have more modern and mobile infantry forces. It is intended to enable China to match up with anti-tank missile developments made by Western defense companies, like the FGM-148 Javelin and Spike. The missile is also available for export to armies in developing countries that would need to contend with third-generation main battle tanks, but the number of potential buyers is likely small due to its higher cost.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HJ-12.|