Himeji

Summary

Himeji (姫路市, Himeji-shi) is a city located in Hyōgo Prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan. As of May 1, 2016, the city has an estimated population of 534,881, with 213,950 households and a population density of 1,000.84 persons per km2. The total area is 534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi).

Himeji
姫路市
Himeji Castle Nada Fighting Festival, Engyō-ji View from the castle, Ieshima, Mt. Seppiko
Himeji Castle
Nada Fighting Festival, Engyō-ji
View from the castle, Ieshima, Mt. Seppiko
Flag of Himeji
Official seal of Himeji
Location of Himeji in Hyōgo Prefecture
Location of Himeji in Hyōgo Prefecture
Himeji is located in Japan
Himeji
Himeji
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°49′N 134°41′E / 34.817°N 134.683°E / 34.817; 134.683Coordinates: 34°49′N 134°41′E / 34.817°N 134.683°E / 34.817; 134.683
CountryJapan
RegionKansai
PrefectureHyōgo Prefecture
First mention in official records3rd century AD
City settledApril 1, 1889
Government
 • MayorHideyasu Kiyomoto (from April 2019)
Area
 • Total534.43 km2 (206.34 sq mi)
Population
 (July 1, 2019)
 • Total530,517
 • Density992.68/km2 (2,571.0/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address4-1 Yasuda
670-8501
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.himeji.lg.jp
Symbols
BirdWhite Heron
FlowerPecteilis radiata
TreeEvergreen Oak

The city is surrounded by the mountains and the sea.

HistoryEdit

Himeji has been the center of Harima Province since the Nara period. After the Battle of Sekigahara, Ikeda Terumasa received a fief at Harima Province and established the Himeji Domain. He expanded Himeji Castle and its castle town.

Himeji was the capital of Himeji Prefecture (later Shikama Prefecture) from 1871, but the prefecture was merged into Hyōgo Prefecture in 1876. The city of Himeji was established on April 1, 1889. After the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake, the Japanese government reportedly considered moving the nation's capital from Tokyo to Himeji.

On March 27, 2006, the town of Yasutomi (from Shisō District), the town of Kōdera (from Kanzaki District), and the towns of Ieshima and Yumesaki (both from Shikama District) were merged into Himeji.

Air raidEdit

During World War II, Himeji was selected as a target by the United States' XXI Bomber Command because it served as an important rail terminal and contained two large military zones. On July 3, 1945 at 4:23 PM (JST), 107 Aircraft took off to bomb Himeji. During the raid, 767 tons of incendiary bombs were dropped on Himeji, destroying 63.3% of the built up areas of the city.[1] However, the famous Himeji Castle remained remarkably unscathed, even with one firebomb being dropped on it.[2] This has resulted in many Himeji residents believing that the castle is divinely protected.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Himeji has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. Summers are significantly wetter than winters. The average annual temperature in Himeji is 15.6 °C (60.1 °F). The average annual rainfall is 1,254.7 mm (49.40 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 27.8 °C (82.0 °F), and lowest in January, at around 4.4 °C (39.9 °F).[3] The highest temperature ever recorded in Himeji was 38.0 °C (100.4 °F) on 31 August 2020; the coldest temperature ever recorded was −10.0 °C (14.0 °F) on 24 January 1963.[4]

Climate data for Himeji (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1948−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
21.6
(70.9)
23.3
(73.9)
28.0
(82.4)
31.8
(89.2)
34.9
(94.8)
36.9
(98.4)
38.0
(100.4)
36.6
(97.9)
31.8
(89.2)
26.4
(79.5)
21.5
(70.7)
38.0
(100.4)
Average high °C (°F) 9.6
(49.3)
10.4
(50.7)
13.8
(56.8)
19.1
(66.4)
23.7
(74.7)
26.8
(80.2)
30.5
(86.9)
32.5
(90.5)
28.6
(83.5)
23.1
(73.6)
17.3
(63.1)
11.9
(53.4)
20.6
(69.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.0
(41.0)
8.3
(46.9)
13.6
(56.5)
18.5
(65.3)
22.4
(72.3)
26.4
(79.5)
27.8
(82.0)
23.8
(74.8)
17.9
(64.2)
11.9
(53.4)
6.6
(43.9)
15.6
(60.0)
Average low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.5
(32.9)
3.2
(37.8)
8.2
(46.8)
13.5
(56.3)
18.5
(65.3)
23.0
(73.4)
24.0
(75.2)
19.8
(67.6)
13.4
(56.1)
7.3
(45.1)
2.4
(36.3)
11.2
(52.1)
Record low °C (°F) −10.0
(14.0)
−7.8
(18.0)
−7.6
(18.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.5
(34.7)
7.9
(46.2)
13.0
(55.4)
14.3
(57.7)
8.9
(48.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
−7.4
(18.7)
−10.0
(14.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.9
(1.45)
48.6
(1.91)
92.0
(3.62)
104.7
(4.12)
127.3
(5.01)
160.4
(6.31)
184.3
(7.26)
105.4
(4.15)
177.8
(7.00)
108.7
(4.28)
61.2
(2.41)
47.5
(1.87)
1,254.7
(49.40)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 1
(0.4)
4
(1.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
6
(2.4)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4.7 6.0 8.7 8.8 9.0 10.8 10.3 7.0 9.3 7.5 5.5 5.3 92.9
Average snowy days (≥ 1 cm) 0.3 0.8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.4 1.5
Average relative humidity (%) 70 69 67 66 70 75 78 73 74 73 73 72 72
Mean monthly sunshine hours 149.1 142.5 173.7 191.8 203.1 156.0 172.1 209.9 158.8 167.4 154.8 155.1 2,034.4
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[4][3]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Himeji in 2020 is 530,495 people.[5] Himeji has been conducting censuses since 1920.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 209,208—    
1925 221,240+5.8%
1930 232,805+5.2%
1935 244,556+5.0%
1940 270,719+10.7%
1945 308,321+13.9%
1950 325,329+5.5%
1955 348,365+7.1%
1960 372,824+7.0%
1965 412,507+10.6%
1970 447,666+8.5%
1975 479,360+7.1%
1980 494,825+3.2%
1985 506,101+2.3%
1990 509,129+0.6%
1995 527,854+3.7%
2000 534,969+1.3%
2005 536,232+0.2%
2010 536,338+0.0%
2015 535,664−0.1%
2020 530,495−1.0%
Himeji population statistics[5]

Mayors of Himeji City (1889–Present)Edit

Points of interestEdit

Originally a castle town, Himeji is home to the Himeji Castle, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. For over 400 years, Himeji Castle has remained intact, even throughout the extensive bombing of Himeji in World War II and natural disasters such as the 1995 Great Hanshin earthquake and various typhoons.[6][7][8]

EducationEdit

Himeji's education system is similar to other cities in Japan. In the city itself, there are roughly 20-30 foreigners who teach English at the local elementary and junior high schools in the JET program. The schools range from the islands of Boze and Ie all the way north past Yumesaki. A North Korean school, Seiban North Korean Elementary and Middle School (西播朝鮮初中級学校), can also be found in the city.[9]

International relationsEdit

Himeji is twinned or has sister city relationships with six international cities and two Japanese cities, as well as a sister castle located in France. Himeji has a particularly strong relationship with Phoenix, as teachers from America are able to teach English abroad for 1–2 years. Additionally, the Youth Ambassador Exchange Program allows for both Japanese and American high school students to experience the cultures and languages of their respective countries for 3 weeks.[10]

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

InternationalEdit

JapanEdit

Sister castleEdit

Notable people from HimejiEdit

EducationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 21st Bomber Command Tactical Mission Report 247, 250, Ocr
  2. ^ "David Millet".
  3. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  4. ^ a b 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 11, 2022.
  5. ^ a b Himeji population statistics
  6. ^ "A hilltop white heron 400 years old". The Daily Yomiuri. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  7. ^ "Himeji Castle starts its renovation in April". Official Tourism Guide for Japan Travel. Archived from the original on March 24, 2011. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
  8. ^ "Himeji Castle". Japan Atlas. Retrieved July 5, 2010.
  9. ^ "Archived copy" ウリハッキョ一覧. Chongryon. Archived from the original on October 14, 2015. Retrieved October 14, 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)().
  10. ^ Sister Cities Archived 2014-07-12 at the Wayback Machine. City of Himeji. Retrieved August 24, 2008. (in Japanese)
  11. ^ "Phoenix Sister Cities". Phoenix Sister Cities. Archived from the original on 2013-07-24. Retrieved 2013-08-06.
  12. ^ <ref> since October 2019

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-50339999

External linksEdit

  • Himeji City official website (in Japanese)
  • Official tourism website (in English)
  •   Geographic data related to Himeji at OpenStreetMap