| Late Jurassic Epoch|
163.5–145 million years ago
|Subdivision of the Jurassic system|
according to the ICS, as of 2020.
In European lithostratigraphy, the name "Malm" indicates rocks of Late Jurassic age. In the past, Malm was also used to indicate the unit of geological time, but this usage is now discouraged to make a clear distinction between lithostratigraphic and geochronologic/chronostratigraphic units.
The Late Jurassic is divided into three ages, which correspond with the three (faunal) stages of Upper Jurassic rock:
|Tithonian||(152.1 ± 0.9 – 145.0 ± 0.8 Ma)|
|Kimmeridgian||(157.3 ± 1.0 – 152.1 ± 0.9 Ma)|
|Oxfordian||(163.5 ± 1.0 – 157.3 ± 1.0 Ma)|
During the Late Jurassic epoch, Pangaea broke up into two supercontinents, Laurasia to the north, and Gondwana to the south. The result of this break-up was the spawning of the Atlantic Ocean. However, at this time, the Atlantic Ocean was relatively narrow.
This epoch is well known for many famous types of dinosaurs, such as the sauropods, the theropods, the thyreophorans, and the ornithopods. Other animals, such as crocodiles and the first birds, appeared in the Jurassic. Listed here are only a few of the many Jurassic animals: