Marshal of Yugoslavia


Marshal of Yugoslavia
Maršal Jugoslavije
Marsal Jugoslavije.png
Shoulder boards of the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia for all three branches of the Yugoslav People's Army: Ground Forces, Air Force and the Navy.
Country Yugoslavia
Service branch Yugoslav People's Army
RankSix-star rank, Five-star rank (since 1974)
NATO rank codeOF-11, OF-10 (since 1974)
Non-NATO rankO-12, O-11 (before 1974)
Formation29 November 1943
Abolished4 May 1980
Next higher rankNone
Next lower rankGeneral

Marshal of Yugoslavia (Serbo-Croatian: Maršal Jugoslavije / Маршал Југославије; Slovene: Maršal Jugoslavije; Macedonian: Маршал на Југославија, romanizedMaršal na Jugoslavija) was the highest rank of the Yugoslav People's Army (equivalent to field marshal), and, simultaneously, a Yugoslav honorific title.

History of the rank

AVNOJ decision on promoting Tito to the rank of Marshal of Yugoslavia, signed by Ivan Ribar and Rodoljub Čolaković

The only person to ever hold the rank of "Marshal of Yugoslavia" was Josip Broz Tito, with the term "Marshal" becoming synonymous with his name in Yugoslavia. He received it at the second session of AVNOJ in the Bosnian town of Jajce on 29 November 1943, and held it until his death on 4 May 1980.[1] Understanding the propaganda effects uniforms had on the general population, Tito had more than 70 different marshal uniforms.[2][3]

Personnel assigned to the Marshal of Yugoslavia


No. Portrait Name Tenure
Personal escorts
1 Jaša Rajter [sr] 1941
2 Boško Čolić 1941–1943
1 Major Boško Čolić 1943–1945
2 Milan Žeželj.jpg Colonel general Milan Žeželj [sr] 1945–1962
3 Major general Luka Božović 1962–1966
4 Lt. Col. General Đuka Balenović [sl] 1966–1971
5 Major general Anđelko Valter 1971–1973
6 Lt. Col. General Marko Rapo [sl] 1973–1977
7 Vice admiral Tihomir Vilović [hr] 1977–1979
8 Counter admiral Zvonimir Kostić 1979

Chiefs of the Cabinet

No. Portrait Name Tenure
1 Miloš Šumonja.jpg Colonel general Miloš Šumonja [sr] 1948–1967
2 Bruno Vuletić.jpg Colonel general Bruno Vuletić [hr] 1967–1979
3 Counter admiral Zvonimir Kostić 1979–1980


See also


  1. ^ "Josip Broz Tito: Chronology Part Two". Archived from the original on 27 May 2010. Retrieved 3 July 2010.
  2. ^ "Marshall uniform". The Museum of Yugoslavia. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ Matović, D. (25 July 2014). "Tito čovek sa stilom". (in Serbian). Kompanija Novosti. Retrieved 23 September 2020.