Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosna i Hercegovina
Босна и Херцеговина
Anthem: 
"Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine" / "Државна химна Босне и Херцеговине"
"The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina"
Location of Bosnia and Herzegovina (green) in Europe (dark grey)
Location of Bosnia and Herzegovina (green)

in Europe (dark grey)

Capital
and largest city
Sarajevo[1]
43°52′N 18°25′E / 43.867°N 18.417°E / 43.867; 18.417
Official languages (state level)None[1]
Official languages (entity level)Bosnian
Serbian
Croatian
Demonym(s)
GovernmentFederal parliamentary
constitutional republic
[2]
Valentin Inzkoa
Željko Komšićb
Šefik Džaferovićd
Milorad Dodik
Denis Zvizdić
LegislatureParliamentary Assembly
House of Peoples
House of Representatives
Establishment history
c. 7th century
1154
1377
1463
1878
1 December 1918
• ZAVNOBiH
25 November 1943
1 March 1992
18 March 1994
14 December 1995
Area
• Total
51,129 km2 (19,741 sq mi) (125th)
• Water (%)
1.4%
Population
• 2013 census
3,511,372[3]
• Density
69/km2 (178.7/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$50.045 billion[4]
• Per capita
$14,291[4]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$20.720 billion[4]
• Per capita
$5,917[4]
Gini (2011)33.8[5]
medium · 47th
HDI (2017)Increase 0.768[6]
high · 77th
CurrencyConvertible mark (BAM)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Date formatdd. mm. yyyy. (CE)
Driving sideright
Calling code+387
ISO 3166 codeBA
Internet TLD.ba
  1. The High Representative is an international civilian overseer of the Dayton peace agreement with authority to dismiss elected and non-elected officials and enact legislation.
  2. Chair of current presidency (Serb)
  3. Current presidency member (Bosniak)
  4. Current presidency member (Croat)

Bosnia and Herzegovina,[a] abbreviated BiH or B&H,[b] sometimes called Bosnia–Herzegovina and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe, located within the Balkan Peninsula. Sarajevo is the capital and largest city.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is an almost landlocked country – it has a narrow coast at the