A measure space is a triple where
- is a set
- is a σ-algebra on the set
- is a measure on
In other words, a measure space consists of a measurable space together with a measure on it.
Set . The -algebra on finite sets such as the one above is usually the power set, which is the set of all subsets (of a given set) and is denoted by Sticking with this convention, we set
In this simple case, the power set can be written down explicitly:
As the measure, define by
so (by additivity of measures) and (by definition of measures).
This leads to the measure space It is a probability space, since The measure corresponds to the Bernoulli distribution with which is for example used to model a fair coin flip.
Important classes of measure spaces
Most important classes of measure spaces are defined by the properties of their associated measures. This includes, in order of increasing generality:
Another class of measure spaces are the complete measure spaces.
- ^ a b Kosorok, Michael R. (2008). Introduction to Empirical Processes and Semiparametric Inference. New York: Springer. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-387-74977-8.
- ^ Klenke, Achim (2008). Probability Theory. Berlin: Springer. p. 18. doi:10.1007/978-1-84800-048-3. ISBN 978-1-84800-047-6.
- ^ a b Anosov, D.V. (2001) , "Measure space", Encyclopedia of Mathematics, EMS Press
- ^ Klenke, Achim (2008). Probability Theory. Berlin: Springer. p. 33. doi:10.1007/978-1-84800-048-3. ISBN 978-1-84800-047-6.