V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
1, Parliament Street
|Annual budget||₹1,881.83 crore (US$250 million) (2018-19 est.) |
The Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways, a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to ports, shipping and waterways, headed by Shri Sarbananda Sonowal.
Maritime transport is a critical infrastructure for the social and economic development of a country. It represents the pace, structure and pattern of development of water transport in the country. The Ministry of Ports, Shipping and Waterways encompasses the shipping and port sectors which include shipbuilding and repair, major ports, national waterways and inland water transport. The ministry has been entrusted with the responsibility to formulate policies and programmes on these subjects and their implementation.
In July 1942, the Department of Communications was split into two departments, the Department of Posts and the Department of War Transport. The Department of War Transport included major ports, railways, roads, water transport, petrol rationing and producer gas. Its functions were to manage transportation during wartime. Coastal shipping and the management and expansion of major ports were also added to the portfolio. Exports were given priority in the department.
After the independence of India in 1947, various governments have reorganized and renamed the department.
The following are autonomous organisations, societies and PSUs functioning under the administrative control of the ministry:
India currently ranks 16th among the maritime countries with a coastline of 7,517 km with 13 major ports (12 government and one corporate) and about 200 non-major ports currently operating in the western and eastern regions of the country. According to the ministry 95% of India's trade by volume and 70% by value occurs through maritime transport.
Cargo traffic of Indian ports were 911.5 MT for FY12, and was projected to be around 1,758 MT for FY17. During April–May 2014 ports handled 95.87 MT of cargo as compared to 91.48 MT during April–May 2013, an increase of 4.8%, according to the data released by Indian Ports Association (IPA).
Of the major ports, Mormugao Port posted highest growth in traffic (24.48%) during April and May 2014, followed by Mumbai Port (14.35%), Kamarajar Port (13.90%), V.O. Chidambaranar Port (13.67%) and Kolkata Dock System (12.36%) as compared to the same period the previous year. In terms of volume, Kandla port led the pack with 15.31 MT of traffic handled followed by Paradip port at 11.73 MT during the same period.
In 2013–14, coal cargo traffic (thermal coal and coking coal) volumes rose by 20.6 per cent to 104.5 MT from 86.7 MT a year previously. Among commodities, there was an increase of 25 per cent in handling of fertilizers in April 2014 in comparison to April 2013. Iron ore handling also showed an increase of 16.8 per cent during the month.
The Indian ports sector received FDI worth US$1,635.40 million between April 2000 and May 2014, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
The ports sector in India were awarded 30 projects in 2013-14 entailing an investment of over Rs 20,000 crore (US$3.32 billion), marking a threefold increase over the preceding year.
The following are major investments and developments in the sector:
The Government has allowed FDI up to 100% under the projects related to the construction and maintenance of ports and harbours. A 10-year tax exemption has been given to the enterprises engaged in the business of developing, maintaining and operating ports, inland waterways and inland ports.
The Minister for Road Transport, Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari said that his ministry will coordinate with other ministries of Environment & Forests, Tourism, Power and Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation for development of transport and tourism along the river Ganga.
The Cochin Steamer Agents Association (CSAA) will take the lead to improve the cargo throughput by organising marketing initiatives in the hinterland in association with the port management, terminal operator and various other stakeholders. A 20 per cent growth target in container volume was fixed for 2014–15.
The National Maritime Agenda 2010-2020 is an initiative of the Ministry of Shipping to outline the framework for the development of the port sector. The agenda also suggests policy-related initiatives to improve the operating efficiency and competitiveness of Indian ports.
Sagar Mala project is the new initiative of the ministry.
Investments and cargo traffic represent the health of the port services, these include operation and maintenance services such as pilotage, harbouring and provision of marine assets like bargers and dredgers. The Planning Commission of India in its 12th Five Year Plan expects a total investment of Rs 180,626 crore (US$30.05 billion) in the ports sector.
Through its Maritime Agenda 2010–2020, the Ministry of Shipping has set a target capacity of over 3,130 MT by 2020, largely through private sector participation. More than 50 per cent of this capacity is expected to be created at non-major ports.
|No.||Name||Portrait||Term of office||Political Party||Prime Minister|
|1||Arun Jaitley||7 November 2000||1 September 2001||298 days||Bharatiya Janata Party||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|2||Ved Prakash Goyal||1 September 2001||29 January 2003||1 year, 150 days|
|3||Shatrughan Sinha||29 January 2003||22 May 2004||1 year, 114 days|
|4||K. Chandrashekar Rao||22 May 2004||25 May 2004||3 days||Telangana Rashtra Samithi||Manmohan Singh|
|5||T. R. Baalu||25 May 2004||3 September 2004||101 days||Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam|
|Ministry was merged with Road Transport and Highways in 2004|
|6||G. K. Vasan||28 May 2009||26 May 2014||4 years, 363 days||Indian National Congress||Manmohan Singh|
|7||Nitin Gadkari||26 May 2014||30 May 2019||5 years, 4 days||Bharatiya Janata Party||Narendra Modi|
|8||Mansukh L. Mandaviya
|30 May 2019||7 July 2021||2 years, 38 days|
|9||Sarbananda Sonowal||7 July 2021||Incumbent||97 days|
|Minister of state||Portrait||Political party||Term||Years|
|Krishan Pal Gurjar||Bharatiya Janata Party||26 May 2014||9 November 2014||167 days|
|Pon Radhakrishnan||9 November 2014||30 May 2019||4 years, 202 days|
|Mansukh L. Mandaviya||5 July 2016||30 May 2019||2 years, 329 days|
|Shripad Naik||7 July 2021||Incumbent||97 days|
|Shantanu Thakur||7 July 2021||Incumbent||97 days|