Ministry of Road Transport and Highways


The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) is a ministry of the Government of India, that is the apex body for formulation and administration of the rules, regulations and laws relating to road transport, transport research and in also to increase the mobility and efficiency of the road transport system in India. Through its officers of Central Engineering Services (Roads) cadre it is responsible for the development of National Highways of the country. Road transport is a critical infrastructure for economic development of the country. It influences the pace, structure and pattern of development. In India, roads are used to transport over 60 percent of the total goods and 85 percent of the passenger traffic. Hence, development of this sector is of paramount importance for India and accounts for a significant part in the budget.

Ministry of Road Transport and Highways
Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.svg
Ministry overview
FormedJuly 1942; 80 years ago (1942-07)
JurisdictionGovernment of India
HeadquartersTransport Bhawan, 1, Parliament Street, New Delhi
28°37′9.58″N 77°12′37.29″E / 28.6193278°N 77.2103583°E / 28.6193278; 77.2103583
Annual budget91,823 crore (US$11 billion)
(2020–21 est.)
Minister responsible
Deputy Minister responsible
Ministry executives
Child agencies



The Department of War Transport was formed in July, 1942, by the bifurcation of the then Department of Communications into two Departments:[2]

  • Department of Posts
  • Department of War Transport.
  • Department of war READ MORE

The functions allocated to the Department of war Transport include Major Ports, Railways Priorities, utilization of road and water transport, Petrol rationing and Producer Gas. Broadly speaking, the functions of the War Transport Department were to coordinate the demands for transport in war time, Coastal Shipping and the administration and development of major ports. Later, the planning of export was undertaken as a corollary to the Departments control of transport priorities also.

Changes made over yearsEdit

  • 1957: Department of War Transport was renamed as Ministry of Transport & Communications and Department of transport was placed under it.
  • 1966: On 25 January, under President's order the Department of Transport, Shipping & Tourism was placed under Ministry of Transport and Aviation.
  • 1967: On 13 March, the Ministry of Transport and Aviation was bifurcated into Ministry of Shipping and Transport and the Ministry of Tourism and Civil Aviation.
  • 1985: On 25 September, during reorganisation the Ministry of Transport and Shipping became the Department of Surface Transport under the Ministry of Transport.
  • 1986: On 22 October, the Department of Surface Transport under Ministry of Transport was renamed as Ministry of Surface Transport .
  • 1999: On 15 October, Ministry of Surface Transport was subsequently re-organized into departments, namely Department of Shipping and Department of Road Transport and Highways.
  • 2000: On 17 November, the Ministry of Surface Transport was bifurcated into two Ministries namely Ministry of Road Transport and Highways and Ministry of Shipping.
  • 2004: On 2 October, Ministry of Shipping and Ministry of Road Transport has again been merged and renamed as Ministry of Shipping and Road Transport and Highways

There are two departments under it:

  • Department of Shipping
  • Department of Road transport and Highways

Organisational structureEdit

  • The Ministry of Road Transport Highways is structurally divided into Road wing, Transport Wing and its independent Finance Wing. Apart from these there is the Planning and Monitoring zone.
  • The Secretary (Road Transport & Highways) is assisted by Director General (Road Development) & Special Secretary, Joint Secretary (Road Transport), Financial Advisor, Advisor (Transport Research).[3]
  • Director General (Road Development) is responsible for Development & Maintenance of National Highways.
  • Joint Secretary looks after transport administration, public grievances, vigilance road safety and coordination & public relations[3]
  • Accounts Wing is headed by the Chief Controller of Accounts who is responsible for accounts budget, work and study.[3]
  • Advisor (Transport Research) renders necessary data support to various wings of the Ministry for policy planning, transport coordination, economic and statistical analysis on various modes of transport with which the ministry is concerned.[3]

Following are the autonomous agencies, subordinate offices regional offices under the Director General.[3]


Regional OfficesEdit

The ministry has following wings functioning under it:

Roads WingEdit

The road wing of the MORTH is the backbone of the country's road network development programme. It is staffed by officers of the Central Engineering Services (Roads). It is headed by Director General (Road Development) and Special Secretary to the Government of India.[5]

The Road wing of MORTH is further divided into five Project Zones. Each Project zone is generally vested with responsibility of four to five states for National highway development and development of road network. These five project Zones are headed by five Additional Director Generals (ADG) of Central Engineering Services (Roads) cadre who are assisted by Zonal Chief Engineer of Headquarter and Regional Officers. Regional officers are posted on ground in their respective states for development and maintenance of National Highways through State PWDs.

Main responsibilities of the roads wing are:[6]

  • Planning, development and maintenance of National Highways
  • Extends technical and financial support to the state government for development of state roads and roads of inter-state connectivity and national importance.
  • Setting standards for building and maintenance of roads and bridges.
  • Archiving important technical knowledge generated through projects and R&D.
  • Sanctioning of works related to construction, maintenance and operation of National Highways.
  • Sanctioning the estimates for various centrally sponsored schemes including CRF (Central Road Fund), Roads of Interstate Connectivity.
  • Dealing the matters related to road safety.
  • Administration of NH act 1956, The Highway Administration Rules 2005

Transport WingEdit

Main responsibilities of the transport wing are:[citation needed]

  • Motor Vehicle Legislation
  • Taxation of motor vehicles
  • Compulsory insurance for vehicles
  • Promotion of Transport cooperatives in the field of motor transport.
  • Setting National road safety standards
  • Compiling data on road accidents and evolving a road safety culture among the people in the country
  • Providing grants to NGOs in accordance with laid down guidelines.

Planning and Monitoring ZoneEdit

This zones are headed by two separate Chief Engineers of Central Engineering Services (Roads). Main responsibilities of this zone are:[citation needed]

  • Preparation of budgets and scheme wise allocation of funds maintaining records of expenditure.
  • Identification of stretches that may form probable network of National Highways.
  • Notification and de-notification of National Highways.
  • The Monitoring Zone deals with the monitoring and reviewing progress of ongoing NH works dealt by various executing Agencies of NH development.

Standards and Research (S&R) ZoneEdit

This zones is headed by a Chief Engineers of Central Engineering Services (Roads). Main responsibilities of this zone is Preparation of standards/ rules / guidelines for NH development program and related activities.


Over years the ministry has passed several acts to maintain law and order in Road Transport in the country


India has one of the largest road networks of over 4.885 million km consisting of :[7]

Road Length Distribution
Roads Length
National Highways/Expressways 1,32,500 km
State Highways 1,56,694 km
Other Roads 56,08,477 km
Total 58,97,671 km

The total road length of India had grown more than 11 times in 60 years from 1951 to 2011; also the length of the surfaced roads had increased about 16 times over the same period. The connectivity in India has tremendously improved due to formation of new surface roads.[8]

  •   Total length of roads (in lakh km)
  •   Total length of surfaced roads (in lakh km)

For development of roads in the country the government has made an allocation of ₹19,423.88 crores under the Central Road Fund for 2013–2014 with the following breakup:[9]

Type Grants
Grants to State Governments and UTs for State Roads ₹2,659.91 crores
Grants to SGs and UTs for inte-state connectivity and roads of national importance ₹262.22 crores
National Highways ₹9,881.95 crores
Rural Roads ₹5,827.20 crores
Railways ₹1092.60 crores
Total ₹19,423.88 crores

Government InitiativesEdit

The government has provided various incentives for private and foreign investments in the roads sector. 100% FDI is allowed in the sectors of land transport to promote building of highway bridges, toll roads, and vehicular tunnels; services incidental to transport such as cargo handling is incidental to land transport; construction and maintenance of roads, bridges; and construction and maintenance of roads and highways offered on build-operate-transfer (BOT) basis, including collection of toll.

A 10-year tax exemption under Section 80 IA has been granted to the highway building projects to attract private investors. The ministry has also framed a ‘Special Accelerated Road Development Programme in North Eastern Region' for improving road connectivity to remote places in this region. The estimated cost of the proposal is US$2.53 billion. The Union Budget 2012–13 proposed an increase of allocation of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways by 14% to 25,360 crore (US$3.2 billion).

The World Bank has approved a US$975 million loan for developing the first phase of the eastern arm of the US$17.21 billion Dedicated Freight Corridor Project in India. The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Ltd. has tied up with the Japanese Bank of Industrial Cooperation for US$14.56 billion funding as loan for the first phase and it is likely to be commissioned in 2016.[10]

The Prime Minister Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a scheme for development of rural roads in India. The Construction of Rural Roads Project (CRRP) is another initiative focused on rural development.

National Green Highways ProgramEdit

Ministry of Transport and NHAI has launched the green highways programme in 2016.[11][12][13][14]

List of Ministers of Road Transport and HighwaysEdit

No Portrait Name Term of office Prime Minister Political Party
1   John Matthai 15 August 1947 22 September 1948 1 year, 38 days Jawaharlal Nehru Indian National Congress
2   N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar 22 September 1948 13 May 1952 3 years, 234 days
3   Lal Bahadur Shastri 13 May 1952 7 December 1956 4 years, 208 days
4   Jagjivan Ram 7 December 1956 17 April 1957 131 days
(3)   Lal Bahadur Shastri 17 April 1957 28 March 1958 345 days
5   S. K. Patil 29 March 1958 24 August 1959 1 year, 148 days
6   P. Subbarayan 2 September 1959 10 April 1962 2 years, 220 days
(4)   Jagjivan Ram 10 April 1962 31 August 1963 1 year, 143 days
7   Raj Bahadur 10 April 1964 24 January 1966 1 year, 289 days
8   Neelam Sanjiva Reddy 24 January 1966 13 March 1967 1 year, 48 days Indira Gandhi
9 V. K. R. V. Rao 13 March 1967 14 February 1969 1 year, 338 days
10 Kotha Raghuramaiah 14 February 1969 5 February 1973 3 years, 357 days
(7)   Raj Bahadur 5 February 1973 8 November 1973 276 days
11 Kamalapati Tripathi 8 November 1973 10 February 1975 1 year, 94 days
12 Uma Shankar Dikshit 10 February 1975 1 December 1975 294 days
13 G. S. Dhillon 1 December 1975 24 March 1977 1 year, 113 days
14   Morarji Desai 24 March 1977 14 August 1977 143 days Morarji Desai Janata Party
15 Chand Ram 14 August 1977 28 July 1980 1 year 347 days Morarji Desai Janata Party
16 Anant Prasad Sharma 14 January 1980 19 October 1980 279 days Indira Gandhi Indian National Congress
17 Veerendra Patil 19 October 1980 2 September 1982 1 year, 318 days
18 C. M. Stephen 2 September 1982 2 February 1983 153 days
19 Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy 2 February 1983 7 September 1984 1 year, 218 days
(16) Veerendra Patil 7 September 1984 31 December 1984 115 days
19 Ziaur Rahman Ansari
(Independent Charge)
31 December 1984 25 September 1985 268 days Rajiv Gandhi
20   Bansi Lal 25 September 1985 24 June 1986 272 days
21 Mohsina Kidwai 24 June 1986 22 October 1986 120 days
22   Rajesh Pilot
(Independent Charge)
22 October 1986 2 December 1989 3 years, 41 days Rajiv Gandhi
23 K. P. Unnikrishnan 6 December 1989 10 November 1990 339 days V. P. Singh Janata Dal
24 Manubhai Kotadia 10 November 1990 26 April 1991 167 days Chandra Shekhar Samajwadi Janata Party (Rashtriya)
25   Chandra Shekhar 26 April 1991 21 June 1991 56 days
26   Jagdish Tytler
(Independent Charge)
21 June 1991 15 September 1995 4 years, 86 days Narasimha Rao Indian National Congress
27 M. Rajasekara Murthy
(Independent Charge)
15 September 1995 16 May 1996 244 days
28   Atal Bihari Vajpayee 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 16 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee Bharatiya Janata Party
29 T. G. Venkatraman 1 June 1996 19 March 1998 1 year, 291 days Deve Gowda
I. K. Gujral
Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
30   R. Muthiah 19 March 1998 8 April 1998 20 days Atal Bihari Vajpayee All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
31   M. Thambidurai 8 April 1998 8 April 1999 1 year, 0 days
32   Nitish Kumar 9 April 1999 5 August 1999 118 days Samata Party
33   Jaswant Singh 5 August 1999 13 October 1999 69 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(31)   Nitish Kumar 13 October 1999 22 November 1999 40 days Samata Party
34   Rajnath Singh 22 November 1999 25 October 2000 338 days Bharatiya Janata Party
(28)   Atal Bihari Vajpayee 25 October 2000 7 November 2000 13 days
35   B. C. Khanduri
(Independent Charge till 24 May 2003)
7 November 2000 22 May 2004 3 years, 197 days
36   T. R. Baalu 22 May 2004 22 May 2009 5 years, 0 days Manmohan Singh Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam
37   Kamal Nath 28 May 2009 19 January 2011 1 year, 236 days Indian National Congress
38   C. P. Joshi 19 January 2011 16 June 2013 2 years, 148 days
39   Oscar Fernandes 17 June 2013 25 May 2014 344 days
40   Nitin Gadkari 26 May 2014 Incumbent 8 years, 301 days Narendra Modi Bharatiya Janata Party

List of Ministers of StateEdit

Portrait Minister of state Term Years Political party
  Krishan Pal Gurjar 26 May 2014 9 November 2014 167 days Bharatiya Janata Party
  Pon Radhakrishnan 9 November 2014 3 September 2017 2 years, 298 days
  Mansukh L. Mandaviya 5 July 2016 30 May 2019 2 years, 329 days
  V. K. Singh 30 May 2019 Incumbent 3 years, 297 days

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Union Budget 2020-21 Analysis" (PDF). 2020.
  2. ^ "Organisational History". Ministry of Shipping, Government of India. Archived from the original on 21 July 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Ninth Report of ERC" (PDF). Ministry of Finance, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  4. ^ "IAHE - Contact Us".
  5. ^ Kavita, Mrrali. "Know about Parivahan Sarathi & its services -". Get true reviews for the products here. Retrieved 27 April 2020.
  6. ^ "Wings under Ministry". MORTH. Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  7. ^ "Annual Report 2013–2014" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  8. ^ "Basic Road Statistics" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  9. ^ "CRF 2013–2014 allooction" (PDF). Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Policy and Promotion". Invest India, GOI. Archived from the original on 22 September 2014. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  11. ^[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ "National Green Highway Mission : Environment for UPSC Exams | IAS EXAM PORTAL - India's Largest Community for UPSC Exam Aspirants".
  13. ^ "Green Highways (Plantation & Maintenance) Policy-2015 - India Environment Portal | News, reports, documents, blogs, data, analysis on environment & development | India, South Asia".
  14. ^ "Finance ministry rejects Rs 5,000 crore green fund project by road ministry, NHAI". Governance Now. 17 August 2016.


External linksEdit

  • Ministry website
  • Parivahan Sewa
  • Sarathi Parivahan Sewa