Mu Tauri

Summary

Mu Tauri
Taurus IAU.svg
Red circle.svg
Location of μ Tauri (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Taurus
Right ascension 04h 15m 32.05687s[1]
Declination 08° 53′ 32.4916″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 4.27[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type B3IV[3]
U−B color index −0.51[4]
B−V color index −0.05[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv)+16.3±0.6[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: +20.881[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −22.789[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π)6.6651 ± 0.3319[1] mas
Distance490 ± 20 ly
(150 ± 7 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV)−1.45[2]
Details
Mass6.7[6] M
Luminosity462[2] L
Surface gravity (log g)3.75[7] cgs
Temperature16,980[7] K
Metallicity [Fe/H]−0.16[2] dex
Rotational velocity (v sin i)89[8] km/s
Age252[9] Myr
Other designations
μ Tau, 49 Tauri, BD+08°657, FK5 1118, GC 5134, HD 26912, HIP 116820, HR 1320, SAO 111696, GSC 00667-00839[10]
Database references
SIMBADdata

μ Tauri, Latinized as Mu Tauri, is a single[11] star in the equatorial constellation of Taurus. It has a blue-white hue and is faintly visible to the naked eye with an apparent visual magnitude of 4.27.[2] The star is located approximately 490 light years distant from the Sun based on parallax,[1] and is drifting further away with a radial velocity of +16 km/s.[5]

This object has a stellar classification of B3IV,[3] matching a B-type subgiant star. In the past this star was thought to have a variable radial velocity, but is now considered constant.[12] It is 252[9] million years old and is spinning with a projected rotational velocity of 89 km/s.[8] The star has 6.7[6] times the mass of the Sun and is radiating 462[2] times the Sun's luminosity from its photosphere at an effective temperature of 16,980 K.[7] It is emitting an infrared excess at a wavelength of 18 μm, making it a candidate host of a faint warm debris disk.[13]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Anderson, E.; Francis, Ch. (2012). "XHIP: An extended hipparcos compilation". Astronomy Letters. 38 (5): 331. arXiv:1108.4971. Bibcode:2012AstL...38..331A. doi:10.1134/S1063773712050015. S2CID 119257644. Vizier catalog entry
  3. ^ a b Lesh, Janet Rountree (December 1968), "The Kinematics of the Gould Belt: an Expanding Group?", Astrophysical Journal Supplement, 17: 371, Bibcode:1968ApJS...17..371L, doi:10.1086/190179
  4. ^ a b Mallama, A. (2014). "Sloan Magnitudes for the Brightest Stars". The Journal of the American Association of Variable Star Observers. 42: 443. Bibcode:2014JAVSO..42..443M.Vizier catalog entry
  5. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters. 32 (11): 759–771. arXiv:1606.08053. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065. S2CID 119231169.
  6. ^ a b Tetzlaff, N.; et al. (2011). "A catalogue of young runaway Hipparcos stars within 3 kpc from the Sun". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 410: 190–200. arXiv:1007.4883. Bibcode:2011MNRAS.410..190T. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17434.x. S2CID 118629873. Vizier catalog entry
  7. ^ a b c Soubiran, Caroline; et al. (2016). "The PASTEL catalogue: 2016 version". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 591: A118. arXiv:1605.07384. Bibcode:2016A&A...591A.118S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201628497. S2CID 119258214.
  8. ^ a b Hoffleit, D.; Warren, W. H. (1995). "Bright Star Catalogue". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: V/50. Originally Published in: 1964BS....C......0H (5th Revised ed.). 5050. Bibcode:1995yCat.5050....0H.
  9. ^ a b Gontcharov, G. A. (November 2012), "Spatial distribution and kinematics of OB stars", Astronomy Letters, 38 (11): 694–706, arXiv:1606.09028, Bibcode:2012AstL...38..694G, doi:10.1134/S1063773712110035, S2CID 119108982
  10. ^ "mu Tau". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg.
  11. ^ Eggleton, P. P.; Tokovinin, A. A. (September 2008). "A catalogue of multiplicity among bright stellar systems". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 389 (2): 869–879. arXiv:0806.2878. Bibcode:2008MNRAS.389..869E. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2008.13596.x. S2CID 14878976.
  12. ^ Percy, J. R.; Lane, M. C. (May 1977). "Search for Beta Cephei stars. I - Photometric and spectroscopic studies of northern B-type stars". Astronomical Journal. 82: 353–359. Bibcode:1977AJ.....82..353P. doi:10.1086/112057.
  13. ^ Ishihara, Daisuke; et al. (May 2017). "Faint warm debris disks around nearby bright stars explored by AKARI and IRSF". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 601: 18. arXiv:1608.04480. Bibcode:2017A&A...601A..72I. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201526215. S2CID 55234482. A72.