Look up nano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. 
Nano (symbol n) is a unit prefix meaning "one billionth". Used primarily with the metric system, this prefix denotes a factor of 10^{−9} or 0.000000001. It is frequently encountered in science and electronics for prefixing units of time and length.
The prefix derives from the Greek νᾶνος (Latin nanus), meaning "dwarf". The General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) officially endorsed the usage of nano as a standard prefix in 1960.
When used as a prefix for something other than a unit of measure (as for example in words like "nanoscience"), nano refers to nanotechnology, or means "on a scale of nanometres".
Prefix  Base 10  Decimal  English word  Adoption^{[nb 1]}  Etymology  

Name  Symbol  Short scale  Long scale  Language  Derived word  
yotta  Y  10^{24}  1000000000000000000000000  septillion  quadrillion  1991  Greek  eight^{[nb 2]} 
zetta  Z  10^{21}  1000000000000000000000  sextillion  trilliard  1991  Latin  seven^{[nb 2]} 
exa  E  10^{18}  1000000000000000000  quintillion  trillion  1975  Greek  six 
peta  P  10^{15}  1000000000000000  quadrillion  billiard  1975  Greek  five^{[nb 2]} 
tera  T  10^{12}  1000000000000  trillion  billion  1960  Greek  four,^{[nb 2]} monster 
giga  G  10^{9}  1000000000  billion  milliard  1960  Greek  giant 
mega  M  10^{6}  1000000  million  1873  Greek  great  
kilo  k  10^{3}  1000  thousand  1795  Greek  thousand  
hecto  h  10^{2}  100  hundred  1795  Greek  hundred  
deca  da  10^{1}  10  ten  1795  Greek  ten  
10^{0}  1  one  –  
deci  d  10^{−1}  0.1  tenth  1795  Latin  ten  
centi  c  10^{−2}  0.01  hundredth  1795  Latin  hundred  
milli  m  10^{−3}  0.001  thousandth  1795  Latin  thousand  
micro  μ  10^{−6}  0.000001  millionth  1873  Greek  small  
nano  n  10^{−9}  0.000000001  billionth  milliardth  1960  Greek  dwarf 
pico  p  10^{−12}  0.000000000001  trillionth  billionth  1960  Spanish  peak 
femto  f  10^{−15}  0.000000000000001  quadrillionth  billiardth  1964  Danish  fifteen, Fermi^{[nb 3]} 
atto  a  10^{−18}  0.000000000000000001  quintillionth  trillionth  1964  Danish  eighteen 
zepto  z  10^{−21}  0.000000000000000000001  sextillionth  trilliardth  1991  Latin  seven^{[nb 2]} 
yocto  y  10^{−24}  0.000000000000000000000001  septillionth  quadrillionth  1991  Greek  eight^{[nb 2]} 
